Wednesday, 12 October, 1864

Very seasonable weather. Zac started away this morning after breakfast. Gave $100 to buy an overcoat and $20 to buy a pair of saddle pockets, as he had an excellent pair burnt up when he lost his clothes and other things. – – Had the rest of the molasses put in the barrel. Made over five barrels, about 175 gallons I suppose. – – Bill left with Zac. I hardly know where he has gone, he is here and there and every where. O! if Bake was only at home, poor child. I am afraid this will be the end of her. She can’t stand excitement of any kind. Still has fright from that unprincipled race of beings.1 – – Bill came to supper to our surprise, intending to leave at 12. Prepared something for him to carry, but the rain prevented him. He laid on the lounge in my chamber. Arose at 12 and found it raining and remained all night. – – Parky washed, Patsy commenced making onion hills.

  1. “unprincipled race of beings” is a phrase used to describe native Americans in Henry Trumbull’s History of the Discovery of America,…published in 1802. Trumbull lived in Connecticut and wrote with that distinctly New England point of view. The phrase is being used here by Caroline to describe Yankees. Irony abounds. Also note that the word race was long used to describe groups of others, often in a non-flattering manner. For example, the English would often refer to the Irish race. Closer to home, Dr. Malcolm H. Harris in his Old New Kent County… (1977) wrote on page 818 of King William’s Roane family, “The Roanes were an unusual race.” In doing so he harkened back to that old usage. By the mid 20th-century the use of the word had been successfully narrowed to refer to the quasi-scientific defining groups by physical characteristics, with associated behavioral assumptions, usually for social or political purposes.  (back)