Tuesday, 31 January, 1865

A very beautiful morning and day. Bill went up for the mail. I sent by him $781 to settle with Mr. Robins for hauling grain last year. – – Also gave him $200 to pay cousin W. M. Turner taxes, not knowing the exact amount.1 – – He returned, settled with Mr. Robins, Mr. J_?_ was not there.2 No paper, I suppose my subscription has not been received for the Whig. Pigeo received a letter from Mary Robinson Piedmont and a note from Nannie Lewis.3 – – I received one from Hardie. He has been ordered to the James River Squadron, 1st Lieut. on the “Flag Ship Virginia” iron clad.4

  1. Cousin W. M. Turner, about 52, is the father of Logan Turner and Alice [Turner] Hill, who we have met, and other children we will meet soon. How William Turner is a cousin or why Caroline would be paying taxes to (or for) him remains a mystery. He may have been serving as Commissioner of Revenue or Sheriff. More research indicated.  (back)
  2. The ink on this portion of the Journal is splotched. I have not yet made out who Mr. “J”_?_ is. Maybe it will be apparent to you. Click here.  (back)
  3. Pigeo received a letter from a Mary Robinson just before Christmas. A Mary Robinson Piedmont remains unidentified. Unless Mary Robinson has had time to marry a Mr. Piedmont the reference to Piedmont may be to Piedmont Female Seminary. See the footnote for 9 January, 1865. Mary Robinson may be a student there.  (back)
  4. The timing of this note would suggest Hardie did not have time to settle in on the Virginia II in time for the battle last week. Indeed, in his available post-war writings he mentions the event only in passing and never cites any personal experience.  (back)

Monday, January 30, 1865

A fine, still cold morning, fine weather for getting ice. Bill is busy about it with oxcart, tumbrel and wagon. – – Bake commenced teaching school today. Paid her one hundred dollars for the month of February in advance. Pigeo and Nan insist that I may permit them to sleep downstairs in the weaving room on account of having a fire. We’re put to so much inconvenience on account of the chimney that blew off some two summers ago, and it seems such a hard matter to get it rebuilt. – – I gratified their wishes and accordingly went down and had the room cleaned up nicely (after warping the piece of flannel I commenced last week) and had a low bedstead moved down, stacked wood, light wood, &c, &c. They are much pleased with their new apartment. – – I retired earlier than usual from indisposition, from fatigue during the day. After sufficient repose though, I arose much earlier than usually do. Took a candle and went down to see how they were sleeping. Found them resting quietly and to all appearance pleasantly, Mary in one corner. I did not disturb them, but came out and studied my Bible and “Bible Dictionary” (a book presented me by my dear thoughtful child several years ago and to me invaluable). Then wrote in my journal before it was time to blow the horn. I do enjoy that season so much. It is then and only then that I have my own quiet and undisturbed meditations, being surrounded by so many during the day, I consequently having many little annoyances.

Sunday, January 29, 1865

Still very cold. The roads are so filled with ice we determined to go in the wagon. Bake was complaining and remained at home. Bill went in the wagon with us. – – Cousin Lem was in Richmond. Hardin performed admirably well. – – I feel well paid for the jolting ride in the wagon and feel no inconvenience from it. My head ached before and does not ache any more now.1 Found Bake better on our return to dinner. – – Bill wrote some letters tonight, one to Tolson and the other to Moore and Turner.

  1. Caroline does occasionally display her dry wit.  (back)

Saturday, 28 January, 1865

Intensely cold. The river is being frozen across and persons are filling their ice houses. I’ve not quite finished warping my piece of cloth yet, had more warp to wind. Pigeo is finishing a novel she borrowed in order to return it by tomorrow. Nan is busy making frills for her dress. The three girls, Dellah, Martha and Bettie, knitting fine stockings. – – Had mince meat put on the fire and stewed a little and returned to the jar. Some 4 or 5 pigs are missing that we can’t account for. – – Wrote a note by W on a mule to Mrs. Carter respecting my _?_, received an answer after dark when he returned.1 – – Sent Tom to return a _?_ borrowed by Ju. – – Bill subscribed to the Whig for me while in Richmond, $7.°.2

Ice on the Mattiponi at Woodbury, photo courtesy of Mrs. Mollie Gregory

 

  1. A subsequent post suggests this difficult to read word is leather. The “W” may have been Willie Turner who we will meet next week.  (back)
  2. Rates for the Richmond Whig in January, 1865 were $60 per year, six months $30, Three months, $20. Otherwise $7 per month. They would drop dramatically after the war. Thanks Joanne!  (back)

Friday, 27 January, 1865

A tolerably good morning. Gave directions to Bartlett to feed his mules and hitch them to the wagon and start immediately for the children to Dr. Lewis’. Wrote to the Dr. requesting him to send me a bill of charges for the time they had been there, which I promised to settle through Dr. Ju next mail day. After Bartlett started, I wrote an answer to Bill’s letter from Mr. Tolson, giving him the particulars respecting his horse. – – Sent Martha for the mail. I sent Stuart a pair of socks and some stewed molasses. The nicest I ever saw. She returned before dinner. No papers or letters. The children returned to dinner with a nice note from the Dr. He makes no charge for the time they have been at his house, regrets very much parting with the children. – – To every inexpressible gratification, Bill arrived before dinner, having been detained by various causes. He started for home on Wednesday. Staid at the Grove last night and camped on the road the night before on account of bad roads.1 – – Left Hardie in Richmond, eager to participate in a Naval fight about to come off. I am happy he was prevented from doing so.

  1. The Grove (originally Wormley Grove?) was the home of Mary Hawes, widow of Dr. Aylett Hawes who had died 20 years earlier. Previously associated with the Wormley, Page, Pollard and Gaines families, the Grove was located near the Piping Tree, home of Dr. Fendell Gregory and his wife Elizabeth Littlepage, Lewis Littlepage’s 1st cousin. The old Ellett family home was nearby. It was an area very familiar to Caroline and her family.  (back)

Thursday, 26 January, 1865

Thursday, 26 January, 1865 – Still very cold. – – Bake went to the barn early this morning and had twelve bushels corn measured and put in 6 bags for Bartlett to carry to mill. Gave him instructions to bring the two bags that he carried there when he went to mill last time. – – Sent letters by Tom to mail this morning, one to Zac from Bake and myself. Mr. Spiller came to see Bill this morning. – – Sent Bettie with some cotton to Mrs. McGeorge’s to get her to twist for plough lines. She was kind enough to have it done. No tidings from Bill yet and the pig missing from the same mother the dog killed one from yesterday. – – Ju sent me a paper containing some good news. The recapture of Fort Harrison.1 – – General Lee is made Commander in chief of our armies in the field. – – Mr. Slaughter sent me word today he had heard from Liv and he is well. – – Bake and I had a molasses stew tonight. – – It was late when Bartlett returned from mill. My cotton had not been ginned. Jimmie sent me a small quantity, about 4 pounds. He had all the corn ground. – – Commenced warping a piece of flannel, 20 yds. this evening.

  1. Another optimistic but false report. The fort, important for the defense of Richmond, had fallen to Union forces on 29 September. Renamed Fort Burnham, after Brig. Gen. Hiram Burnham who had been killed in that assault, it remained in Union control the remainder of the war.  (back)

Wednesday, 25 January, 1865

The weather is intensely cold. Has been freezing all day, though the snow has nearly disappeared. – – The hands are cutting and hauling wood. Had corn shelled this evening to send to Mill tomorrow by Bartlett in the wagon. – – Cut the bodies of Patsy’s and Beck’s dresses, and assisted Dellah about them. – – A beautiful pig was killed by a dog today. – – Mr. Madison came to see Bill and inquired whether he could cross the mill. – – Sent Tom to the C.H. to enquire something about Bill. Ju wrote me a note.

Tuesday, 24 January, 1865

There has been a continual cannoning ever since 8 o’clk. last night, continued through the day today and seems to be very near.1 This has been quite a pretty day. – – Bake and I secured two bags of valuables & articles. – – I warped 42 yards coarse cloth today for Dellah to weave. She washed her Va. Cloth dress today. – – Sent some loaf bread and a jug of beer to Ju’s, when Martha went up for the mail. Bake received a letter from Mrs. Wynn, and Bill one from Tolson respecting his horse that was claimed by another man after paying $1100 to him for it. I think he will make it good and not let him lose it, as he was afraid he would have to do. – – Well, Bill has not returned from Richmond yet. I am uneasy about him now. I fear something serious is detaining him. It is now snowing, ten o’clk. PM.

  1. This was the Battle of Trent’s Reach on the James River. It was one of the last significant naval battles of the war. The CSS Virginia II was engaged during this battle on the James River, but we do not yet know if Hardie reached his ship in time to participate. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Trent’s_Reach.  (back)

Monday, 23 January, 1865

The weather still dreadfully bad. Bartlett, to my surprise, returned with the wagon last night. Drove Duroc and left a mule for Bill to drive home. They all reached Richmond safely. Had no accident to happen to them, though the roads were shocking. – – Put my chamber closet to rights and did various little things. Found my knife that has been lost to me ever since Xmas. – – Bake has been busy repairing her Va. Cloth dresses today. She goes to the barn night and morning to have feeding done, and go to her trap at the same time Hardie and her set the morning he left.

Sunday, 22 January, 1865

A very inclement day. Nevertheless, we attended Zion. Had about the usual number, and Cousin Lem was very interesting. – – Ju and his Uncle Hill returned as far as his house in the carriage with us. We spent the rest of the day. Never enjoyed myself more in my life eating oysters. They had any quantity of the finest I most ever saw. – – Heard today that corn sold at St. Coalter sale for $320 pr. barrel, and pork sold for $10 pr. pound, either there or somewhere else. – – At those rates, Dr. Lewis’ terms amount to $12000 for the two scholars. More than I can afford to give. We returned home to supper. Took Aunt Beck up in the carriage. She had been spending the day at Ju’s. – – Two calves died last night.

Saturday, 21 January, 1865

I arose quite early this morning and found it hailing, raining and forming sleet. I am so sorry for Hardie on account of his arm. – – I wrote to Dr. Lewis this morning and sent the letter by Washington, also sent one to Pigeo respecting the terms of her school. He returned before dinner with a letter from the Dr. expressing some regret. – – I spent the day, most of it, reading aloud, some excellent topics. Hope Bake and I will both profit by them. Read some old letters also. – – After that I packed up Hardie’s things he left in my care. I hope he will receive them one of these days just as he left them. Dear child, such a day as he and Bill have had to travel, every drop of rain forms a sleet. – – Bake and I enjoy the quiet very much. We sleep in the front chamber on the two lounges set together. – – Unless the Dr. will accede to my proposition, I expect the children will return home, and she has agreed to teach them if he does not.

Friday, 20 January, 1865

A lovely day. Bill had a beef killed this morning to carry to Richmond. Also had some wheat fanned and carried 15 bushels, besides four quarters beef and Hardie’s two trunks in the wagon, four mules and Bartlett to drive. Sent a basket of eatables for Hardie, a round of beef, two wild ducks, potatoes, sausage and other things. Bill made it late starting, should have started this morning at 4 o’clk., that was my advise to him, but instead he has made it one o’clk. I am sorry on Hardie’s account, having to travel in the night and run the risk of a bad day tomorrow. He and Bill went in the buggy, drove Duroc. – – Sent Tom up for the mail. Sent a basket of sweet potatoes to Stuart. Tom brought a letter from Dr. Lewis stating the terms of his school. Think his charges are enormous, 30 barrels corn and 200 lbs bacon for the two children for the session ten months. – – Bill carried coupons and interest on bonds and certificates to collect. – – Frederick repaired Mary’s buggy harness today, or rather the one I got in return for mine from her. Gave Bill $640 to Houchings as he passes there. Hope he will not forget it.

Thursday, 19 January, 1865

Quite a cold, disagreeable day. Hardie and Bill went over the river before breakfast. He left Bill and returned. Bake accompanied Hardie over the river at eleven o’clk. for Bill. He had only killed one duck and some snipes Hardie killed. Bill took breakfast and went out and started the plough to work. The first furrow was ploughed today for a crop of corn. Very unlike the preceding years, when much of the corn ground was taken up in Dec. The boys carried Leo with them and got him right badly burnt when they fired the broom corn where the servants were ploughing. Frederick has been sick for several days. Had a nice pitcher of apple toddy for them when they came in. Bake has been with Hardie most of the day, out several times, backwards and forwards over the river. They enjoy each others society much, now they are about to be separated. – – I altered a new uniform coat for Hardie and made a nice fit with very little trouble. – – Sent Mrs. Lipscomb some eatables by Martha, such as butter, molasses, sausage, potatoes, &c, &c, &c. She sent some dried damsons and apples to me. – – Fixed up some things for Hardie to take with him tomorrow, peach leather, pound cake, ginger cakes and jumbles, stewed molasses, ground peas. Assisted him in dividing his clothes and packing his trunks, i.e. Bake packed them, he and I arranged the clothes. Some five suits in his big trunk, an overcoat, gutterperch overall and storm cape, and things too numerous to mention. Two other suits, one in his small trunk and one on, left me a pair of his shoes for a pair of boots of his Pa’s. I went down and had some jelly and other things brought up, some delightful beer. We all enjoy it so much, the best I ever tasted. It was nearly four o’clk. when we all retired. Hardie enjoys sleeping in my bed so much. He has been sleeping there more than a week. Found the lounge too narrow for his arm. – – Bake sent Tom on Shakespeare for the canary Hal promised her some time ago. It sings sweetly.

Wednesday, 18 January, 1865

Rather a gloomy looking day. Notwithstanding, my little darlings were ready as soon as practicable, and the wagon and four mules in readiness to take to Dr. Lewis’ school. Sent the Dr. $275 by Pigeo, the balance due for the ten months session last year. – – Sent Mrs. Lewis a bag of potatoes, about a bushel. They carried two large trunks well filled with a good supply of clothes, a bandbox packed and their school books, writing desk, work boxes, &c, &c, &c. I trust that the Lord will watch over them and keep them from every evil way and preserve them, ever faithfully discharging all their duties and above all things, strict observance of all his just and holy requirements in all things. – – Hill came about the time they were leaving and spent a pleasant day. Left after sunset. Everything seems so quiet now, I don’t know how I will bear giving up my little pets, but they went off so cheerfully and full of glee. Dear happy children! After all had left about twilight, I walked to the spot where I soon expected to be and poured many tears beside the grave of their dear father. – – I am admonished every day that all things temporal are vanity.

Tuesday, 17 January, 1865

Quite a dismal morning. Soon came on to snow fast. Washington had the carriage hitched pretty early and at the door to take me up to Ju’s to see Dr. Lewis, whom I expected to meet there, as it was mail day. Notwithstanding the snow, I started at ten o’clk. accompanied by Pigeo and Hardie, but the Dr. was not there. We returned home to dinner. No end to the children’s fixing for school. Gave them supplies of needles, pins, paper, envelopes, pens, holders, wafers, spool cotton, &c, &c, &c. Made salt bags for Pigeo and Hardie to put around their waists before they go away. It’s my opinion there is great virtue in them. I believe in keeping off chills. I laid down at dusk, feeling right much indisposed and slept till about ten o’clk. Arose then and Pigeo, Nan and myself had a nice molasses stew for Hardie and themselves to carry away. Had some strong coffee, which kept my eyes open till 4 o’clk., at which time we retired for the rest of the night. – – Lieut. Haw left with Bill for the C.H. while we were there.

Monday, 16 January, 1865

Another lovely day. Hardie and I spent the day at Hill’s. They were all pleased to see him. Spent a pleasant day and returned to supper. Lieut. Haw came in about twilight to spend the night. – – Bake finished off some things for the children, with their assistance and that of Dellah, Martha and Bettie. She is an industrious good child and without her I should have to leave much undone. – – I was very much surprised to hear today that the Dr. had raised the terms of his school to $3000 a scholar.1 I do not credit it though in the least.

  1. War-time inflation was playing havoc with the local economy, even among family, friends, and neighbors.  (back)

Sunday, 15 January, 1865

Another pretty day. Bake, Pigeo and I attended Zion. Cousin Lem was very interesting today. We returned by Ju’s and home to dinner. Found Hardie much better. We took a walk, all of us, to see the sheep. one was sick. – – We have handed supper frequently in the chamber. Did so tonight. We all sang around our little stand. Hardie has not forgotten the “Old songs of Zion.” O, that they were all Christians and nothing would mar my peace.

Saturday, 14 January, 1865

Another pretty day. Bill and Hardie long walk to look for a hog that has disappeared for several days, but came to the conclusion she was gone for good, as they could not find her. – – Hardie’s arm commenced paining him afresh. He and Bake were going to Mrs. Hill’s by invitation, but was prevented on that account. Poor child! He certainly has suffered enough since he has been at home this time. I bathed his arm in a preparation of vinegar, camphor, blk. and red pepper, mustard &c. It relieved it measurably for a while. Gave him a dose of Sgt. Turpentine at bedtime, but it pained him severely for some time afterwards. He got up and came in the front chamber and sat by the fire. – – Fixed a puzzle with an apple for me.1 – – I made a sleeve of Nan’s linsy dress and did various other jobs. Shall not get settled at work till the children are at school. I’m anxious for them to be there just as soon as Miss Annie comes from Richmond.2 – – Bill came this morning. – – Commenced a letter to Mary this morning.

  1. Would this be a “jig-saw” puzzle? UPDATE: Maybe this is more likely, http://www.grouprecipes.com/131789/apple-puzzle-dessert.html. Thanks Joanne!  (back)
  2. Even though we have been able to piece together that Miss Annie Fletcher lives in Richmond with her mother when not teaching school at Dr. Lewis,’ I still cannot otherwise identify her in other historical records. Unfortunately, this is the last Caroline writes of her.  (back)

Friday, 13 January, 1865

A lovely day, the most beautiful one we have had this winter. Mr. Walker returned the corn we loaned him last summer, 28 ½ bushels for 25 loaned him and Mr. Davis. – – Hardie went out to try and kill some ducks. Saw a great many, and had a fine chance for a shoot, but his arm would not permit him to shoot. It provoked him very much. Said he was in good mind to throw himself over board. – – Bill has not returned yet. Sent some fish by Tom when he went up for the mail. Bake received a long letter from Zac, and I one from Mary, stating she had hired Albert out for 450$. He would have hired for $1100 or 1200 here I think, as women hired for that New Year’s day and upwards. – – Hardie slept in the back chamber tonight, suffered a good deal with his arm.

Thursday, 12 January, 1865

Another beautiful day, but quite cold. The boys went ducking again today. Killed nothing. – – James King came to see Bill. Left document from Lieut. Haw. – – He left for Canton before supper.1 – – Lieut. Bradley Catlett came to spend the night. – – Cut out the body of Nan’s linsy dress and did several other jobs. – – Cut off two skirts for women’s dresses last night. – – Parky’s washing some things for the children and Hardie, who expects to leave, if his arm will permit, in a few days. The children will leave for school, nothing preventing, next week. – – I am very busy preparing things. I don’t know whether I will be able to bear the separation from Nan. I shall miss her so much. The children have all had a gleesome time since Hardie got home and are so noisy sometimes. They make me say a good many things I do not exactly mean.

  1. Nineteenth century Canton was a small community along King William County’s main thoroughfare. Near Colosse Baptist Church it was conveniently located with easy access north-west towards the Courthouse, south towards Lanesville and the Pamunkey, north towards the Mattiponi Reservation and Fraser’s Ferry, and south-east on either of the two roads that bypassed the lowlands that drained into Custis Mill Pond towards West Point. Caroline will write often about purchases made there, referencing P. H. Slaughter enough to suggest he was involved with a store there. Maria Gregory, Caroline’s Aunt, recorded in her role as executrix of her late husband Roger’s estate the collection of rent for a “shop” from Dr. DuVal and a small piece of land from F. King (1851). DuVal, of King & Queen County, was also a well-respected Baptist / Campbellite minister. Canton does not appear of the Gilmer Map but it does appear on the 1976 Garber/Wendenburg Map as a site. I can find no record of Canton being a plantation name. Later Canton School would be established nearby, but tellingly, no Post Office. Today Canton is forgotten.  (back)

Wednesday, 11 January, 1865

Quite a pretty day. The engineers who are surveying the County came here today.1 Bill and Hardie went ducking, only killed one duck. They returned to dinner and insisted on my taking a horseback ride with them to see the wheat, as I had never seen it from the time it was sowed. Had a delightful time. Returned by and looked at the pen of shoats, 30 in number. Called to see Uncle Oby. – – Hardie read another Chapter in Pisgah Views. He has been reading it several nights to me and is very much pleased with it.2 Lieut. Haw came to see Bill.

  1. These engineers were responsible for what we know today as the 1865 Gilmer map(s) of King William. It is located at the Virginia Historical Society, F232 K5 1865:1. But is easier to see and use through the Library of Congress American Memory website at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.ndlpcoop/gvhs01.vhs00351. We should note that while Chief Engineer, General J. F. Gilmer’s name is usually associated with the map, the engineer responsible was 1st Lieut. B. Lewis Blackford. It is his signature on the map. He may have been among the engineers who visited Woodbury on that pretty day. As the date on the map is “Feby. 1st, 1865” they may have been working against a deadline that did not allow for editing and fine tuning. For example, the home of James Hill King, Spring Pleasant, clearly visible from the main road and just 2.5 miles from Woodbury, is missing entirely.  (back)
  2. Pisgah Views or The Negative Aspects Heaven by Octavius Winslow, D.D. Winslow (1808-1878) one of the foremost evangelical preachers of his age. He spent most of his career in England, but his career began in New York. Pisgah Views is usually cited as being published in England in 1873, which existing copies testify. But Hardie must have purchased an earlier edition, perhaps in pamphlet form, when he traveled to and from France.  (back)

Tuesday 10, January, 1865

Commenced raining in the night last night powerfully and has rained incessantly all day, till late this evening. Bake is assisting me about the children’s clothes, making a black body for Nan and a scarlet one for her dress. Pigeo is making an alpaca body for herself and I am about the skirt of a muslin dress I had dyed for her. Dellah is making drawers for Nan. Finished two pair and hemmed the skirt of a linsy dress for Nan. – – Hardie and I looked through his big trunk today for a heart pin to match the pearl bracelets he brought Bake, but couldn’t find it. – – Poor fellow! He is still suffering with his arm, but I hope everything is for the best. – – Bill rode a mule up for the mail. I received a letter from Mary respecting Albert. – – Hung up the rest of our pork.

Monday, 9 January, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Sent Tom up for my knife I loaned Ju at Xmas, thinking he forgot and carried it home with him. He wrote a long letter by Tom, said I was mistaken about my knife. – – Also said a good deal about Beck. I returned an answer by Martha & sent Mag’s milk cooler. – – Bill & Hardie went ducking, but killed nothing. They have not been successful recently. – – I am getting the children ready for Dr. Lewis’ school. I do not believe there is any prospect of getting Pigeo in at Pop’s school.1 Hardie entertained us much with his anecdotes tonight. – – Wrote to Evelyn this morning by Oby, i.e. if he was over.2

  1. Piedmont Female Seminary was operated by James W. Goss, who we now know was called “Pop.” It was located three miles west of Gordonsville, Virginia. Goss’ family were accomplished Baptists, eventually followers of Alexander Campbell. Thus the school would have been well-known among members of Jerusalem and Zion churches. We will learn more about “Pop” Goss’ school.  (back)
  2. I believe Evelyn McLelland has been identified. Mary E.(Evelyn) Quarles, 19, appears in the 1850 US Census for King William. She is the daughter of George W. Quarles and his wife Martha. George is listed as a Manager (overseer) and they lived in central King William. Ten years later Mary E. McLelland appears in the KW Census. She is the wife of Benjamin W. (Whatcoat) McLelland. Among their children is a daughter Martha. Benjamin, 30, is listed as a farmer. He had appeared in the 1850 KW Census living on a farm with his brother Thomas. But he will soon be a soldier. Benjamin was one of the sons of Hezekiah McLelland of King and Queen County, known today primary for his devout Methodism. Hezekiah appears early and often in Bushman’s In Old Virginia with fellow devoted Methodist John Walker. The Walkers, as had the McLellands before them, gave their children good Methodist names. For the McLelland’s three sons this meant given names of Thomas Coke, Enoch George, and Benjamin Whatcoat. Walker named his first two boys Coke and Watson after Coke and Richard Watson, another Methodist theologian. Melville, his youngest child, may have been named in honor of Melville Cox, the Methodist missionary to Liberia who died in 1833. By 1864 Mary E. McLelland, evidently known as Evelyn, was living at Sandy Hill plantation, home of Col. Robert King. It was also the home of Uncle Oby’s wife. Uncle Oby appears in Caroline’s Journal three of the four times Evelyn is mentioned as carrying food or a message between them. Why Evelyn is living at Sandy Hill remains undiscovered. But as her soldier husband was a POW (as was Caroline’s son Liv and John Walker’s Melville), she and her family may have been becoming destitute. This might be a good time to mention that Woodbury was an ancestral Quarles home. Elizabeth Sutherland Quarles was Caroline’s late mother in-law. One of Elizabeth’s brothers was George Washington Quarles, our Evelyn’s father. Small world.  (back)

Sunday, 8 January, 1865

We were awakened about 4 o’clk. by the return of Bake and Pigeo. Bill, long before they did. I sent the mules to pull the carriage home. The horses had pulled all they intended to pull. – – I arose at that time and sat up till day. – – Fixed up two small bundles to send Zac by the Rangers, comprising a pair of gloves, two kinds paper, envelopes, stamps, a letter from Bake, a roll of peach leather, a doz. ginger, some jumbles and pound cake. Sent a long letter of four pages foolscap and $100 by Mr. Powell, also a letter from Nan. – – I went to the barn and had feeding done this morning. Wouldn’t have the children disturbed. Hardie would have gone out, but his arm was too bad. This is Sunday morning. Had his arm rubbed with a preparation Hal prescribed for him Friday evening. – – I looked at the horses to see if I thought they could pull us to Church. I thought it rather doubtful, but anyhow I tried them. Had much difficulty and would never have gotten there but for Larkin’s kindness, who dismounted at the foot of Mrs. George’s hill and put his horse in place of Shakespeare and he rode him.1 We managed to get to Church. – – Cousin Lem was very interesting. We returned to dinner. Pigeo remained at home with Hardie, who is an invalid, and Bill wants sleep. – – After dinner I gave the children jelly and cream. They enjoyed it very much. Beck came home today.

  1. Mrs. George lived at Cherry Hill, a small farm on the road from the Court House to Horse Landing. There is a sharp incline as the road rises from the Mattiponi floodplain towards the ridge where Courthouse is situated. Caroline would have been trying to come up that hill under bad conditions. Even today with a modern hard surface this stretch requires care in wet weather.  (back)

Saturday, 7 January, 1865

A changeable, cold, windy, snowy, rainy, disagreeable day. Notwithstanding, Bake, Pigeo, Bill and Mr. Goulden attended a bridal dinner party given by Dr. Lewis to Miss Hattie Lewis and Capt. Anderson.1 Hardie’s arm was too painful for him to go, dear child. I feel as if I want every moment of his company while he is at home. – – Frank has been quite sick for several days. Have given him several doses medicine. He is somewhat better. – – Hardie and I sat up till we thought the children ought to return, as it was Saturday night. I retired with some little chagrin not knowing what detained them.2

  1. I am still no closer in identifying Hattie Lewis, and now, Capt. Anderson. See Comments Below.  (back)
  2. This journal entry covered two days, Saturday and Sunday. As there was no separate entry for Sunday I made one.  (back)

Friday, 6 January, 1865

A close rainy day. Bake and the boys are invited to a bridal party at Mrs. Lewis’ and have an inclement evening to attend. Bill and Mr. Goulden came about 4 o’clk. and they all decided to go.1 Mr. G. went in the carriage with Bake, and Hardie and Bill rode his horse. – – Hardie hurt his arm again today. His gun kicked him severely while ducking. Washington rowed him, was very near not going. They returned at 4 o’clk., having enjoyed themselves very much. – – Pigeo and Nan and I retired quite early.

  1. Goulden (Gouldin) (Golden) is a family name found at this time in Hanover, Caroline, and King & Queen Counties. But I have found none in King William. This Mr. Goulden remains a mystery.  (back)

Thursday, 5 January, 1865

A very pretty day overhead. The snow is melting off some. – – Had the pork hung up this morning. – – Bill went on guard duty to meet at Sauesville ten o’clk.1 – – Did not return till after we had retired. In a few minutes, Mr. Thornton came with a prisoner to stay all night. Had been with him to Millers, “Crutchfield Johnson.” 2 – – The Lieut. and Hal didn’t come this evening. They’ve received invitations to a social at Mrs. Lewis’ on Joe’s return, or Friday. Perhaps that prevented. – – Did some repairs to Hardie’s overcoat and put buttons on his “gutta-percha” coat today. – – We retired early tonight. Hardie read a few chapters in Acts of Apostles tonight. – – Aunt Becky hasn’t come yet. Don’t know what detains her.

  1. Sauesville remain unidentified. Suggestions from our readers would be appreciated.  (back)
  2. 1860 U.S. Census Records show a Crutchfield Johnson, 33, living in Crawford County, Illinois with a wife and 4 children. He is listed a a teamster. But no war record has come to hand. That is as close as I have come to identifying Caroline’s Yankee visitor. Of course that is assuming the prisoner is a Union soldier. The Home Guard would probably have been just as likely having an AWOL Confederate soldier or draft avoider as a prisoner.  (back)

Wednesday, 4 January, 1865

Quite a pretty day. The snow is melting off somewhat. Parlor washed. I’ve been bobbing. Somehow or other I can’t get straight to work. Pigeo and Nan are darning. Bake knitting a pair of gloves for Zac. – – Bill returned to dinner, Hardie to supper. Had a pleasant time. Took back tables to Hill’s. Was particularly invited to a party at the Baptists, but declined going. – – Beck has not returned from Ju’s yet. I suppose his hirelings have not gone home. Bake received a letter from Lila.1 Hardie says Hal and Lieut. Catlett promised to come down tomorrow evening and spend the night. – – Bake and I sat up quite late tonight. She finished Zac’s gloves. She insisted on going down and making a bowl of eggnog, just two glasses. Brought one up for Hardie, who has just retired on the lounge. Repaired two shirts for Hardie, undershirts. – – Frederick made a pair of shoes for Patsy.

  1. This is the only mention of “Lila” in the Journal. Unless we get lucky, she will remain unidentified. However this may well be Lilia, who wrote to Bake on 16 August. I will take a closer look at the Journal next trip to Richmond. UPDATE: Caroline clearly spells the name “Lila.”  (back)