Wednesday, 31 May, 1865

Another pretty day. Beck ironed today and Patsy went out in her place. The children did up some things for themselves upstairs in the boys’ room. Nan is busy about a borage body.1- – Very unexpectedly, Mary, Garland and all the children arrived about 4 o’clk. in a little wagon. A boy drove a tumbrel with some salt to put up herrings, but the season is past I am afraid, and they will be disappointed as there are only a few being caught. – – We all sat up quite late tonight in the parlor and the children danced several sets. They enjoy each others society so much. No stranger is here. The Lieut. has become like one of the family and participates with them in all their pleasure and amusements, and seems to be as much at home as the rest of the boys. – – The boys took a boat excursion down the river.

  1. Borage is an plant native to the Mediterranean traditionally grown for medicinal and culinary purposes. Its seed is also the source of “starflower” oil, marketed today as a dietary supplement. While perhaps Caroline is describing a design based on the flower she seems to be using borage to describe a style of a summer dress. The term still seems to be in use in England. You fashionistas out there are welcome to chime in.  (back)

Tuesday, 30 May, 1865

Fine morning. All without seems fair and beautiful to a casual observer, but how sad am I when I revert to the past, contemplate the future and contrast with the present. O, for a hand to guide me through the darkness that sometimes prevails in these momentous times. There are times when there is no ray of light to illumine the dark path. Then I pause and endeavor by faith to look away beyond the narrow limits which now encompass me and in my imagination view an extended plain, where all is tranquil, all is peace, no noise or tumult is there. How calm, how soothing to my feelings when I can steal away and in some sequestered spot give vent to those feelings. There where I may commune and hold sweet converse with the unseen. He whom, though he is unseen himself, will reward openly those who suffer for his namesake. Let me imitate one who was willing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season.1 – – I weave a little on my dress every day when I find the time. Pigeo spins in the weaving room and Martha works in there too when she is not jabbing. I love to have those servants about me. They are always cheerful and willing to do whatever I wish done. – – Parky’s still laid up with her jaw, which she has suffered with ever since Sunday. – – Bill, and Liv to assist him, sheared sheep today. 100 lbs. wool from 15 sheep.

  1. At this point in the Journal the next five lines have been marked through. Anyone wishing to help make out what she wrote can click here.  (back)

Monday, 29 May, 1865

Fine growing weather. Liv, the Lieut. and Hardie amused themselves at work in the garden for a short time this morning, while Bill weeded some sweet potatoes. – – Miss Fannie Claiborne, Hal and Claiborne Boykin rode down on horse to spend the morning and invite the children to a picnic at Springfield next Thursday evening.1 They found Bake and Pigeo both in bed taking an emetic. – – Lieut. Arledge rode Shakespeare and accompanied the girls back and took dinner at Mrs. Hill’s and returned to supper. – – Patsy washed today and Dellah got dinner, when she made up her mind to do so. Zac commenced school today, to Col. McLaughlin. Rode Fannie and left her at Hill’s to graze.

  1. Hal, as you remember, is Harriet Brumley. Claiborne Boykin is Belle Boykin’s younger brother. See the footnote for 15 July, 1864 for the details. Miss Fannie Claiborne, 26, is making her first appearance. She is the daughter of the late Capt. William Claiborne of Henrico County. Hal and Belle have been living with their grandmother Harriet Hill. Harriet was born Harriet Herbert Claiborne. Miss Fanny is Harriet Hill’s niece. Harriet Hill, about 72, lives at Forkland, which was located just south of Springfield, the old estate of her late husband’s family. It is unclear who was hosting the picnic. The late 1864 / early 1865 Gilmer Map of KW shows Springfield as vacant. The 1865 King William Land tax rolls list John B. Davis of Richmond as new owner of Springfield. Davis, about whom much could be written, would turn Fish Hawl on the Pamunkey into Lester Manor. The prosperous Mr. Davis was a chronic entertainer, and, while he never maintained his residence in the county, this may have been his way of introducing himself to the community.  (back)

Sunday, 28 May, 1865

Quite cool for the season. Bake and Nan, Lieut. Arledge and myself went in the carriage to Church. Zac drove and Hardie rode Fannie. We called by the Dr.’s to see little Louy, who is quite sick. Ju thinks there is but little hope of raising him. It generally proves fatal with his children when they teethe at this season.1 All of us returned home to dinner. – – After supper we had sacred music in the parlor. – – Pigeo has been complaining for a day or two.

  1. Contained in the lost King William Registers of Birth from 1863 through 1869 must have been the entry for yet another male child of Junius and Mag. As “Louy” is teething and his brother Stuart was born mid-September, 1862, it is likely Louy, probably named for his grandfather Lewis, was born in late 1863 or winter/spring 1864, shortly before Caroline began writing in the new volume of her Journal.  (back)

Saturday, 27 May, 1865

The weather is still horrible. The sun has not been seen for several days, and the earth saturated in water. I wove but little on my dress today. – – Cut out a pair pants a piece for Bill and Liv. – – Tried to get Dellah to stitch up one pair, but in vain. She would try the patience of Job. Zac rode out and got a nice basket of cherries. – – Mr. Gathright came to trade a colt for a cow and calf.1

  1. Gathright is a very common surname in the 1860 and 1870 Hanover County US Censuses. But there are none in King William. Which of the many Gathrights this might be is unknown. He is not mentioned again. Caroline is not clear whether she made the trade. Let’s keep an eye out for a colt at Woodbury.  (back)

Friday, 26 May, 1865

A close, rainy day. Everything deluged in water. – – I wove 2 yds. on my dress today. – – Patsy commenced spinning mix for the piece of cloth in the loom after I finish my dress, for the boys’ clothes. – – How precarious the times. Doubt and uncertainty seem to possess the minds of all. Frederick came to have some talk with me on an important subject. – – Gave him satisfaction. No fish are being caught now. Eubank left in good time. – – Bill put up 5 hogs today.

Thursday, 25 May, 1865

Pleasant weather. Commenced weaving my dress this evening. Bake and Nan finished putting it in the loom. – – Mrs. McGeorge sent half a sturgeon to put in the ice house. Also sent me a nice piece by Katherine Henry.1 – – Liv salted the last herrings he caught, some 50 or 60. – – Gilbert executed a little business in his line here today.2 – – Bill rode Fannie to Mr. Powell’s today to try and get a tumbrel.

  1. The Henry surname is frequently found in the area surrounding Woodbury. Most recognizable is the Patrick Henry family of Hanover. Patrick’s daughter Elizabeth married Col. Philip Aylett in 1786 and is buried at Fairfield in King William. But there were other Henry families about as well, some white, some black, some mulatto. We met Capt. James H. (?) on 9 March. But the 1860 US Census shows no Katherine in his family. So far this Katherine Henry remains illusive, as does what she sent Caroline.  (back)
  2. Likely Gilbert Bond, the son of J. A. Bond of Bond’s store. He would be about 15.  (back)

Wednesday, 24 May, 1865

Quite cool today. Very few herrings are being caught now. Liv’s mending the seine. – – Nan and I spent the morning at Mr. C. Garrett’s. Elvira walked with us when we returned. Spent a pleasant morning. Found all at dinner when we returned. Came by to see Miss Judy. Found everything so neat about her premises. – – The children, in company with the Lieut., walk every evening and enjoy their walks very much. – – Zac returned with the buggy. Had it quite nicely fixed by Luddy and himself. Hitched Fannie and gave her a drive. She was quite gentle.

Tuesday, 23 May, 1865

Fine morning. Another heavy rain last night. Zac went around in the buggy to have a tyre cut, as Martha Ann’s Luddy promised to fix it. They are very industrious and very ingenious people.1 – – -Mr. Eubank left this morning. Liv rode Fannie and he rode George. Put up a nice barrel roe herrings for himself. They have caught about 3000 herrings by Liv’s calculation. Sent Martha Ann a fine shad by Zac. He did not return tonight.

  1. At first glance Luddy seems to be a slave owned by Martha Ann Littlepage. The use of the word “people” suggests an otherness, something that would separate Caroline from them. But the “very industrious and very ingenious” does not seem likely descriptors of slaves, especially in the emotional and uncertain aftermath of the war. Would Luddy be a nickname for one of Martha Ann’s son’s? If so, why then the “They” and the possessive? Did Martha Ann have another family of “others” living on her property, maybe foreigners like the Mosers? And what do we make of the written statement of Ethel Littlepage [Jackson] Ahern, the great-granddaughter of the late Col. Edmund Littlepage and Martha Ann, that Edmund emancipated his slaves prior to the war? Was Luddy a member of a highly skilled now-free black family still living with her? Since Luddy does not reappear in the text, some additional research might yield a clue to the story behind these two seemingly simple sentences. Suggestions? CORRECTION: Luddy will appear tomorrow. But after that no more references to him.  (back)

Monday, 22 May, 1865

Found it raining this morning, after several clouds during the night. Sent Bartlett to see whether the swamp was too high to cross. He returned and said it would be possible by the time we could get there. We started about ½ past ten. They kindly gave us some cherries and cabbage plants. Reached home at 12. Met Mr. Norment at the gate. Also Mr. Terry, who I agreed to give three barrels corn for building a boat in 1862.1 – – Liv and Eubank salted upwards of 500 herring for himself. Bake had just had a snack for the gents to go to the Court House, it being court day. – – Mrs. Lipscomb and Boyeht (Beight) were here when we arrived. Made cherry pickles.2 – – The roads were badly washed. Broke a trace after getting inside the gate. – – Bill sold 4 barrels of corn to a gentleman today, paid for two barrels @ $6 in silver pr. barrel.

  1. Probably Mr. Sam Norment of “White Bank” who appears from time to time, and neighbor Mr. N. Terry (probably Nathaniel) mentioned in connection with payment for a boat on 13 July, 1864.  (back)
  2. I will try to resolved who “Boyeht (Beight)” is on my next visit to the VHS.  (back)

Sunday, 21 May, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Lieut. Arledge, Hardie, Bill, Liv, Eubank and Miss Bake to housekeep, remained at home. Pigeo, Nan, Zac and I attended church. Came by Ju’s, took dinner and spent the evening at Martha Ann Littlepage’s.1 Came up a tremendous cloud and kept us all night, very unexpectedly. Enjoyed some cherries very much and spent a pleasant time. All were so very cordial and devoted in their attentions to us. – – I think we had the most terrific thunder and lightning this evening I ever listened to.

  1. This may be the first time Caroline has spent a night away from Woodbury since this Journal began almost a year ago. If any of our readers wish to confirm this it would be appreciated.  (back)

Saturday, 20 May, 1865

Fine growing weather. Had about 1000 potato plants put out this evening. I was in the garden crowning them up when they all returned from the Dr.’s party, all except Pigeo retired for some sleep. Hardie found me in the garden about ten and assisted me in what I was doing. Gave the servants, except Jim, the day for themselves. Jim wishes to have next Saturday to go to Richmond. – – Frederick took Hardin’s horse home this evening. – – Furnished Mr. Eubank a barrel and the boys assisted him in salting his fish. Let him have salt for the purpose.

Friday, 19 May, 1865

Quite warm today. Shirley commenced work. Will give him an equivalent at the end of the year, as I intend to do with all the rest. Bill, Hardie and Lieut. Arledge went fishing. Caught a fine rock. Liv caught one yesterday and enjoyed it very much for dinner today. – – Zac went up for Fannie today. Rode his Uncle Hardin’s horse. They will all attend a dancing party at Dr. Lewis’ this evening, i.e., all except Nan and myself. Bill and Mr. Eubank, Hardie, Lieut. Arledge went in the carriage with Bake and Pigeo, Liv and Zac on horseback. – – Bill and Mr. Eubank walked to Larkin’s to receive a sack of salt. Frederick drove the tumbrel round for it. – – Had quite a considerable cloud and rain this evening. Passed off time enough for the children to start to the Dr.’s. Bill and Mr. Eubank returned from Larkin’s to supper. Bought 140 pounds salt at $.05 pr. pound. – – Liv and Eubank caught 63 & 91 herring to be salted up for Eubank. They are very dilatory about salting them though. I would not be surprised if they are all spoilt.

Thursday, 18 May, 1865

Very warm. Shirley made his appearance this morning.1 Wished to remain. I had some talk with him and told him I only wanted him for the field and would find him and give him wages at the end of the year. He seemed satisfied. Gave me a couple of oranges and went on. – – How tedious and tasteless the hours pass away to me in this uncertain state of affairs. Liv and Eubank caught 223 herrings last night. The salt gave out and they took them down the river to dispose of, but failed to do so and brought them back and I had them cleaned by Dellah. – – Bake, Lieut. Arledge and Hardie spent the evening at Mrs. Hill’s, by promise and ice cream arrangement. – – They received an invitation to a dancing party at Dr. Lewis’ tomorrow evening. Returned about 12.

  1. See 15 August, 1864.  (back)

Wednesday, 17 May, 1865

The weather quite warm. – – My little memorandum book has gotten out of my journal somehow or other, and it certainly bothers me a good deal. – – The girls go fishing every day and when they are not fishing they amuse themselves playing different games. I am sorry to say that I have but little time to work. I am all the time thinking what I shall have for them to eat. – – Zac rode Shakespeare to his Uncle Hardin’s to borrow a horse. He promised Bake to ride whenever she wished. Spent the night there. Hardie and the Lieut. spent the evening at Ju’s, returned to supper. – – Liv and Eubank caught 225 herrings last night.

Tuesday, 16 May, 1865

Still cool. Bill’s not so well today. Spent the day out yesterday and has been indisposed since. – – Liv and Eubank caught 318 herring last night. Bill and Hardie went fishing this evening. – – Parky washed today. Nannie’s making an Irish linen body with double ruffle. – – I put pockets in my black  _?_ calico dress today.

Monday, 15 May, 1865

A delightful day. Zac came this morning. Staid at Rose Hill’s last night. Sent Fannie to Hill’s by Tom. – – Preserved some strawberries today. Nannie gathered them. – – Bill and I had some understanding with the servants today. Paid Uncle Bartlett some money for shoes. Had a delightful molasses pudding for dinner today. The two Lieut’s. went fishing this evening. Liv and Eubank caught 314 herrings last night. Bake and Nan are having something of chills, I think every other day. They are both indisposed again today.

Sunday, 14 May, 1865

Fine day, but cool. I consented to remain at home in order that Hardie and Lieut. Arledge might attend church. Gave Bartlett permission to go where he pleased today and Hardie drove the carriage after he hitched the horses and drove it round. Sent Bartlett to Hill’s Saturday evening for Shakespeare, George and Fannie. The latter will be sent back on Monday. The other two will be retained at home in place of the two Yankee horses we lost (Grant and Sheridan). – – All returned to dinner from church. Second dish of peas today. Salted 91 herrings caught last night. – – Bill took a walk over the fields today. – – Nan and I had shortcakes for snack. He enjoyed them when he returned. Hardie and the Lieut. rode to the mill. Zac went to the evening meeting at Lanesville. – – Bill and I had some talk with Frederick.

Saturday, 13 May, 1865

Quite cool still. All hands went fishing again today, i.e., Hardie and the Lieut., accompanied by Bill. Zac’s fixing up a little railing in front of the house. – – Mr. Thornton came today and laid claim to Bill’s horse. He gave him up very readily. Took dinner and left. – – Liv came in and got some buttermilk, &c. caught 319 herrings last night. – – Finished working my cloth at last, 22 yds. Have had company all the week and very little work has been done by any one. Beck finished off my calico dress this evening.

Friday, 12 May, 1865

Rather cool for the season. I am quite indisposed today. Didn’t go down to breakfast. – – Kit and Cornelia came to dine, Bunny Littlepage also.1 Spent a pleasant day. Lieut. Arledge, Hardie, Liv and Eubank went fishing before dinner. – – Liv and Eubank took their rations for the night and went out after dinner. – – All took a walk when Cornelia left, and I went to have the fish salted, 37. – – Nannie gathered a waiter of fine strawberries. – – Bill sat up nearly all day today, is improving. Bunny accompanied Bake on his flute, had fine music. Transplanted more potato plants this morning. Have put out about 3000.

  1. I have no idea which Littlepage this might be. Help!  (back)

Thursday, 11 May, 1865

Showery seasonable weather. Finished replanting corn. Washington has not returned yet. He is making up his mind to remain, I imagine. – – Fendall left this morning. Zac had some corn shelled for Mr. Davis and a gentleman Ju engaged 4 barrels to. Loaned Mr. Davis one bushel to return 6 bushels for. – – Ju came to see Bill today. His third visit. He got up and came downstairs and seems rather better. – – Patsy had another chill today. Had one day before yesterday. Gave her medicine tonight. Parky ironed today. – – First peas today.

Wednesday, 10 May, 1865

Fine growing weather still. The strawberries are ripening beautifully. They were ripe several days ago. – – Patsy transplanted a nice parcel potato plants before dinner. I drew them up. She then got dinner. Hardie, Liv, Lieut. Arledge and Mr. Eubank went fishing after breakfast and caught a fine parcel fish. Quite a variety, perch, catfish and pike. They enjoyed them very much at dinner. Patsy cooked. Liv and Mr. Eubank caught 263 herrings last night. – – They stayed up till after 12 playing backgammon, or something of the sort. Very much out of place these times I think. Fendall Gregory came this evening to spend the night. – – I think Miss Bake is right much taken with Lieut. Arledge. He is a nice young man.

Tuesday, 9 May, 1865

Fine growing weather. A severe peal of thunder surprised us all very much, a fine rain soon after. Liv and Mr. Eubank caught 112 herring last night. I commenced warping a piece of cloth for a dress for myself and the boys, mix clothes. – – Sent for Ju to see Bill. Commenced giving him Nitre I had and he furnished some other medicine. – – Dellah gave me so much insolence today I had to threaten to send her off. – – Ju engaged to sell 4 barrels corn for me for 9 dollars in green backs or six in silver. Patsy washed today. No one ever came for the corn Ju engaged.

Monday, 8 May, 1865

A beautiful morning. Had Liv waked up at 12 to start out floating. Caught 186 herrings and a shad. – – Sent the calves to Hill’s again this morning by Addison and Scott, 5 in number. – – Bill is rather better this morning. Commenced giving him quinine. – – Liv and Mr. Eubank came in to breakfast at ten o’clk. – – Bake has been busily engaged reading a novel for several days. She doesn’t often engage in such trash. We were greatly rejoiced at the unexpected return of Hardie in company with Lieutenant Arledge to dinner today.1 He is looking first rate. I have cause to thank God for his goodness, that through all the perils to which we have been exposed, my children have all returned safely home.

  1. Lieut. George H. Arledge was born in Georgia in July 1836. His family moved to Key West, Florida where he spent his youth. After attending schools in Massachusetts, he return to Key West, working as a clerk when the war broke out. He joined the Confederate Navy and served with Hardie on the C. S. S. Atlanta. Captured in June 1863, he was eventually exchanged and rejoined the Confederate Navy, evidently serving with Hardie at war’s end.  (back)

Sunday, 7 May, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Sent up for the Dr. this morning by Frank to see Bill. He came and prescribed for him. I furnished the medicine. – – Bake remained with Bill. The rest of us started in company with Ju for Church. Took Stuart along in the carriage as far as Ju’s gate. – – Came by from Church and dined with him and home to supper. – – Liv returned this evening afoot, having lost the horse by the Yankees. It seems that bad luck attends him. I gave instructions to Bartlett to send Washington word to return home and if he behaves himself he shall be kindly treated and may remain till further orders are issued by the Yankees. – – Mr. Eubank returned with Liv, who will float for one-fourth fish in place of Washington.1

  1. Unless we learn more about this Mr. Eubank he will remain unidentified. The 1860 US Census lists seven possible Eubanks living nearby.  (back)

Saturday, 6 May, 1865

Much warmer today. Bill thinks himself better since the medicine has acted, but not materially so. – – Washington left for parts unknown last night in company with McGeorge’s boys. What an unhappy state of affairs exist at this time. Zac rode Sheridan up to his Uncle Hill’s to see if the horses were all there. Sent some calves up yesterday to graze, but they came back to the wheat field today. – – The servants are replanting corn, but do very little of anything. Liv rode Sheridan away to see some of his co. to try to get some one to float in Washington’s place. – – Patsy’s mixing wool again today. Gave Bill another dose of calomel and Jalap tonight.

Friday, 5 May, 1865

Found it raining this morning, it’s fine on the potatoes, cabbage plants, &c. Set oat yesterday evening. Sent to Ju for more plants by Addison. Dellah and Parky transplanted them. – – Patsy’s still complaining. Dellah cooked today. Martha’s spinning. I carded some rolls for her. She spins beautifully. – – Bill’s complaining right much. He consented to take some medicine tonight, calomel and Jalap. Had his feet bathed in warm water with mustard. It goes so hard with him to be sick and he is impudent with all. – – Bake, Pigeo and Zac went to Dr. Lewis’ this evening to an ice cream sociable on horseback. Pigeo met with quite a severe accident. Was thrown by Grant and dragged some distance, owing to the bridle’s coming unbuckled in her hand. Got her clothes very much torn and came near being seriously hurt. They all returned about 3 o’clk. – – Washington brought 6 bags meal from Walkerton Mill this evening. – – Bill sent Duroc, Fannie and Shakespeare to Hill’s by Bartlett this morning to graze for $.25 per month apiece.

Thursday, 4 May, 1865

Fine cool weather. Planted cotton today. – – Col. left after breakfast. Showed me a mysterious letter he received some months ago respecting Bake, myself and himself. An anonymous letter written by some fiendish, disposed person who harbors in his breast a heart as black as midnight. He will meet with his rewards. – – Robert Boykin came for Hal.1 The Col. and Willie Boykin left about nine, Hal about eleven. Pigeo, Zac and George Turner walked with him as far as Larkin’s, and returned to dinner. – – Mary left at 5 o’clk. Bake and Nan walked with her. – – Transplanted a pretty parcel potato plants this evening. Liv opened the holes, Dellah planted them.

  1. Robert Boykin, a brother of Willie and Belle Boykin is listed in the 1860 census as five. It seems strange that a ten year-old has come to escort Hal Brumley, who is twice his age. There may be another Robert Boykin.  (back)