Saturday, 30 September, 1865

Sent Tom for George this morning and received a note from Hardie informing me that Liv had arrived and would be necessary for me to go over immediately to see Pigeo and bring her home, if she was well enough to ride that distance. Bake and I rode to see Mrs. Tebbs to change carriages, as hers is a much lighter one than mine. Spent an hour or two with her and returned home to dinner. – – Nannie had a chill this morning at Ju’s.

Friday, 29 September, 1865

After missing my chill, Nan and I went in the buggy to Mrs. Hill’s to dine. Returned, Bake with us, and spent the night at Ju’s. Very agreeably found Hardie there awaiting my return to accompany me home, but they all prevailed on me to stay all night, so Hardie rode George home.

Thursday, 28 September, 1865

Pleasant weather. The girls spent the day and Bake returned with them in the evening. – – I am under a promise to dine there tomorrow. – – Hardie and Willie Turner came just as they got out of sight. Would have overtaken them and gone with them home, but their horses were too tired. – – I sent Mrs. Hill a bottle of molasses.

Wednesday, 27 September, 1865

Dry and cool. Received a note from Mag saying Jennie and Hal would be down this evening to spend the night, but instead of that they all drove up about eleven o’clk., Mag and Stuart included. Dellah went with Mag to take Stuart home about sunset. Jennie is a great favorite of mine, and I always enjoy her society. – – Hardie had a previous engagement to go over to Bruington to hear speaking by John Randolph and others to the young men of the present day.1 – – I had a chill taken at dinner.

  1. Since John Randolph (of Roanoke) had been dead since 1833, Caroline may have been referring to John Randolph Tucker who had served as Virginia Attorney General from 1857 to the end of the war in 1865. He was no stranger to using a religious setting to speak to young men, as his 21 May, 1863 lecture, “The Southern Church Justified in its Support of the South in the Present War,” before the Young Men’s Christian Association of Richmond. I would be happy to receive any information to confirm or deny this hypothesis that Caroline omitted the Bruington speaker’s last name.  (back)

Tuesday, 26 September, 1865

Cool and dry. Bake and I rode to Hardin’s, by promise and spent a pleasant day. Drove Fannie to the buggy and returned to supper. I commenced a pair of stockings for Nannie today. – – Bill and Hardie went in the boat to Mr. Norment’s for Bake’s trunk. – – The dogs took a quarter of nice lamb out of the spring box this evening.

Monday, 25 September, 1865

Still dry. – – Bettie came in this morning to let me know Frederick had hired her to Mrs. McGeorge for $3 pr. month. I gave him the privilege of doing so, leaving it discretionary with me to recall her whenever I had employment for her. – – Bill and Willie Turner left after breakfast for court. Hardie and Frank went in afterwards. Bill drove Fannie. He and Hardie returned at sunset, brought a letter to Bake which gave her great satisfaction, also brought her one from Alice Hill. – – Parky washed today.

Sunday, 24 September, 1865

Bill had a fine lamb killed this morning, though I told him I had rather he should not have had it done, today being Sunday. Frank said his father would be here today. – – Bake, Nan and I attended Zion, Corbin drove Shakespeare & George. – – Hardin and Cornelia, Larkin and Family, and Mr. Camm Garrett dined with us. Willie Turner came to supper, and he and Frank remained all night. Parky cooked today. Patsy went to see her relations.

Saturday, 23 September, 1865

Still dry. Bill went to King and Queen today to see Mr. Waytt, Wyatt the millwright.1 Returned about 4 o’clk. – –  Mr. Henley came over the river with a servant in the boat for some hogs, 5 in no. We had been finding sometime. He said he would pay damages and give us a pig. Hardie got a nice parcel of grapes and Bettie and Martha picked them off to preserve and make wine of. – – Made some beautiful preserves while the children, Bake, Hardie and Nan were gone after nuts. Zac went to Walkerton Mill before dinner and returned to dinner. – – Frank McLaughlin came this evening.2 Set a hand supper in the parlor.3

  1. Probably James G. Wyatt, 42, listed in the 1870 US Census as a millwright. Wyatt was a very common King and Queen family name.  (back)
  2. It is likely Frank is related to Col. McLaughlin. But how?  (back)
  3. Would a “hand supper” be what we call today a buffet?  (back)

Friday, 22 September, 1865

Still dry and warm. Frederick came home with his children at dark, all very tired. – – Nan finished off a very pretty crimson Merino body for herself this evening. Put it on and came in the front parlor to show it to me while Hardie and I were writing, he to Lieut. Arledge and I to Mary, to send by Uncle Bartlett this evening, but he started before mine was ready. Hardie sent his for Danville, written a day or two ago. Nan took Mary and went after  _(Bay?)_ cocks and chinquapins.1 Bake and I enjoyed them with her in the back porch very much. – – I repaired Hardie’s black coat today. Made a nice job of it, and have his grey one to repair tomorrow. He is such an obedient good child. I can’t refuse to do anything in my power.

  1. Nan must have been gathering some autumn nuts or fruit. Click here to see if you can identify the word before “cocks.”  (back)

Thursday, 21 September, 1865

Frederick had a long talk with Bill this morning. Is very penitent, wishes to be permitted to bring his children back. Bill and I concluded under the circumstances to pay him at the rate of six dollars per month and feed his family, seven in number, for whatever services they may be able to render, clothe themselves and pay their own Doctors’ fees. Whatever in the way of clothes I give them will be gratis. I expect to do by them in sickness as I have always done, prescribe for and attend to them, but can’t furnish quinine as I have been in the habit of doing. – – I had a perfect understanding with Frederick and he seems to be well satisfied. I gave him some meal, fish and meat to carry to the Point for them to travel on. – – Hardie went to Mr. Houchings’ and got the buggy and went to Toombs, the fruit growers, for some peaches, but they were all gone.1 – – Nan and Zac went grape hunting.

  1. John E.W. Toombs, 58, is listed in the 1860 US Census as living in the household of Martha Ann Littlepage. This would be some distance from the Sharon community referred to in the 1849 thinly veiled advertisement for his fruit nursery. In this reference it would have been a very short ride for Hardie from Mr. Houchings’ to Aunt Martha Ann’s. That may indicate he was still living there in 1865. By 1870 he may have been living back near Sharon.  (back)

Tuesday, 19 September, 1865

Another pretty day for the same work. Parky finished the rest of the things left yesterday. – – I am feeling quite feeble. Laid down on the lounge and took a short nap. Hardie carried the buggy to the shop to have some little repairs done.

Monday, 18 September, 1865

A beautiful day for doing up nice things, so Bake requested me to let Parky come in the chamber and starch and iron some things for her. She was very sad while she was about them on account Frederick’s course. She did up her things very nicely and assisted her in starching and bluing them.

Sunday, 17 September, 1865

The day very good. Zac and I attended church in the buggy and returned to dinner. Bake had the neuralgia too bad to go, and Nan was too feeble. – – Cousin Sam read a pamphlet instead of preaching, published by the Editor of the Gospel Banner, sent on to him some short time since.1 2 – – Hardin insisted on our going with him home to dinner. – – Bill returned from Baltimore just as we finished supper. came from Mary’s. Rode William Gregory’s horse down.

  1. Cousin Sam, who is obviously a member of the congregation at Zion, has not been identified. As no “Sam” appears in the known cousins of Lewis Littlepage, Sam must be related to Caroline. However, we have little information about the Ellett line. Is there an Ellett family member who would like to help?  (back)
  2. This is likely the monthly religious magazine, the Gospel Banner, published from 1855 to 1869 by Benjamin Wilson, a colleague of Dr. John Thomas, founder of the Christadelphians. Wilson would co-found the Church of God of the Abrahamic Faith, which was closely linked to the Christadelphians.  (back)

Saturday, 16 September, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Bake walked in the garden after breakfast and saw three squirrels and caught two beautiful ones. She was perfectly enraptured. They became gentle directly. – – Gave Nan quinine this morning. She is well enough for me to accompany Hardie to spend the evening with Mag. Brought some ice back for Nan. Mrs. Slaughter was kind enough to send her, but her fire was entirely off when we returned.

Friday, 15 September, 1865

Very warm again today. Bill delays his time, or rather the time he appointed, to return. – – I faced the skirt I ran up yesterday for Bake (the alpaca). Nannie has been better all day and reading “Maj. Jones Travels” till about 4, when she had a rise of fever which lasted through the night.1 – – Did over some damson preserves this evening.

  1. Major Jones’s Sketches of Travel (1848) by William Tappan Thompson (1812-1882), newspaper publisher and humorist. Thompson was born in Ohio in 1812 but moved to Georgia as a young man quickly embracing white southern ideals. His best known fictional character, Georgian Major Joseph Jones, was very popular among the southern upper middle class. His writings contained “local color” and vernacular elements later associated with the works of Joel Chandler Harris and Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain). For a detailed, but perhaps dated, analysis, see “The Background and Significance Of Major Jones’s Courtship,” Henry Prentice Miller, The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 4 (December, 1946), pp 267-296.Thompson recently has received attention because of his role in designing the second national flag of the Confederacy, the “Stainless Banner.”  (back)

Thursday, 14 September, 1865

We are having very warm weather for Sept. Hardie rode with Jim to haul rails for a pen for some pigs and five hogs. – – Martha commenced picking galavance peas. I doubled some fine knitting cotton. – – Nan had another chill. Only gave her a little quinine, thinking she would not have another. – – I ran up an alpaca skirt for Bake. We sat in the parlor. she has finished off four pair drawers and a chemise this week. Made a pair tonight, though I am opposed to her sewing at night, she sews so steadily all day. – – I retired at 9 and she at 1 o’clk., or after. I went upstairs about that time and slept very little, if any, afterwards. I generally sleep very soundly the early part of the night. – – Hardie rode to Ju’s this afternoon.

Wednesday, 13 September, 1865

Still very warm and cloudy. Parky starched the clothes this evening. I gave her a dress and a beautiful velvet bonnet and a pair of nice pants for Tom and Buck, and a new hoop skirt. – – I sat in Bill’s room and read a good deal in the old Testament aloud, commencing in Exodus. Bake sewed while I read. The present time reminds me so forcibly of the removing of the Israelites from their bondage in Egypt. – – Nan is in bed nearly all day. – – Martha has all the jobbing to do. – – Washed the windows in dining room and both chambers. Sent Mrs. Lipscomb some butter, molasses and milk. She is sick. Martha carried them. – – Bake and I slept on my bed and Nan on the lounge.

Tuesday, 12 September, 1865

The weather very warm. The Yankees lodged in Bill’s room last night and left after breakfast. I entreated them not to take Hardie to Williamsburg and he told the sergeant that he thought a letter of explanation from him to the off. in command at Headquarters would be all that was necessary, and after consulting with his corporal, he came to the same conclusion. I sent to Ju’s and borrowed a bottle of whiskey for them, and put up a snack. It seems to me that what is to be will be, in spite of all endeavors to the contrary. I would not have had such a thing to happen for $500, so little expected and so little called for. – – Nan had another chill today, after taking enough quinine to prevent it, as I thought. Hardin went for Bake. They returned to supper. – – Frederick took Bettie and Buck with him. Parky washed today. Zac killed two duck this morning.

Monday, 11 September, 1865

Still very warm. I had some ten or twelve gallons molasses reboiled this morning and returned to the barrel, and was warping a piece of cloth when Martha ran in and said the Yankees were coming in armed with muskets and bayonets. I came up the steps and met them. A Yankee sergeant inquired where the manager on this place was. I told him he had gone to Baltimore. They then inquired if there was no other. They wished to see the young man who whipped that boy. – – Frederick came along with them and stood in my presence and told several falsehoods and tried to look me in the face while doing it. Said he had been to W. Point and gotten a house and intended taking his family there. I am sorry to part with Parky, as I had assured her this summer that as long as I had a house and home she might feel satisfied of having one, and said she never expected to leave me. The Yanks had orders to take Hardie to Williamsburg. I described the case to them as nearly as I could and thought it had been greatly exaggerated and it being the first whipping I ever knew him to give one. He was not aware of giving a severe one at all. Hardie has always been of a meek, gentle nature and I did not think he would have done a thing of that kind intentionally.1

  1. Federal military records for 1865 show an small posting of troops (18) at West Point at the end of August. A month later that number was down to 7. These are the only two months after the war records indicate troops were station there. On the other hand, US troops were stationed in Williamsburg in larger quantities until 1869.  (back)

Sunday, 10 September, 1865

The weather is exceedingly warm. Bake and Nan and myself went in the carriage to Ju’s, where she and I remained till Zac and Nan returned from church. Nan had a chill while there. Bake went with Mary King home to dinner to stay several days with her. The rest of us returned to dinner. – – Frederick left last night with Tom, in consequence of Hardie’s chastising him for some little tricks he has been guilty of. It was very wrong in him to have done so with any severity, which I was not aware of till some time afterwards. – – When I reproved him sharply for it, should not have expected such a thing from him, never to have known him to correct one. – – Bake gave Nan calomel and Jalap tonight. I went off to sleep, felt so weak.

Saturday, 9 September, 1865

A cloudy and threatening day for rain. Hardie went out and gathered peaches to chop for dinner. They are getting scarce now. Bake’s completing her gown this evening, and I am writing in my journal for the last several days, sitting in her room. She is arranging her little boxes, &c. – – Frederick and some of the others have the day for themselves, only Corbin is at plough.

Friday, 8 September, 1865

The ground is moist enough for Frederick and Corbin to plough today. – – Zac has been having some hogs caught and put in a pen this week. Injured two very much with the dogs this morning. Had one of them cleaned and put in the spring box tonight. I suppose it would have weighed 75 pounds. – – He and Hardie killed four sora this evening. – – Bake completed her poplin and light calico this morning. I finished Bill’s shirt and ran up the skirt of one double gown and commenced running them together this evening.

Thursday, 7 September, 1865

Though we have frequent showers, the air cools very little. The weather is intensely warm. Had a beautiful rain this evening. Hardie and I sat in the front porch till ten, after it cleared up. He gave me a description of his trip to Danville. Bake was upstairs at work, and after Hardie retired and went up, took a nap on the bed by her while she worked till after 12. The second night she has worked this week. I was opposed to it, but she insisted upon it, being so much interested in what she was about. She cut out 4 pair drawers, a chemise and double gown today. – – Nan fixed a pink lawn skirt for herself and I dipped that, (and) a Swiss muslin and calico skirt in starch for Bake for Parky to iron this evening. She has been complaining, therefore has taken four days to wash and iron this week. Bake laid out some things to bleach tonight.

Wednesday, 6 September, 1865

I am about a Va. cloth shirt for Bill. – – Bake cut out and filled a light calico dress today, and I ran up the skirt. Martha commenced washing wool today. Hardie came from Richmond at 5 o’clk. this evening. Arrived there from Danville Friday. Brought me a letter from Mary and one from Pigeo to both of us, Bake and I. – – Mary thanked me for the two little dresses I assisted in making. Her health is far from being good, and Pigeo improves slowly. Dear children, I trust in the goodness and mercy of God to preserve them, as I have no doubt that he will. Liv purchased a pair of shoes for Nan. Hardie brought them down, also bought three pieces of music to Bake, a march and two songs. We all sat in the porch till quite late.

Tuesday, 5 September, 1865

A very pretty morning after the rain last night. – – Zac went up in the boat to Mill and Mr. Davis’ wagon came for corn, and Nannie had to go and stay while the hands were shelling it. He came in time to have it measured, 51 bushels. – – Bake sat in the chamber and worked on a chemise till 12 tonight. Parky finished washing today, commenced Monday. – – Made a jar of peach pickles. Bake’s at work on her poplin dress.

Monday, 4 September, 1865

Bill finished delivering wheat today, 82 bushels, I believe, and 180 bushels white wheat. – – And left for Baltimore with the thought to return via Richmond. Mr. Gwathmey dined here.1 Had a terrible storm with rain a short time after they started. The vessel got aground and had to stay till the tide rose. Bake, Nan and I slept in the chamber. All retired without supper. Patsy came, but it was raining too fast. Sent a letter by Frank to leave at Acquinton church for the Misses Lipscomb to take to their Institute securing a place for Pigeo. – – Liv started to Richmond about 12.

  1. This may be William Gwathmey, M.D. of Burlington in the upper portion of King William.  (back)

Sunday, 3 September, 1865

The weather continues warm and dry. Liv started to the baptizing at Hill’s Mill, but his mule was too obstinate to allow him to get there. Frederick drove the carriage to church and Zac drove it home. Zac went to Colosse and brought Frank McLaughlin back with him to supper.1 Took leave of our esteemed friends when we left church. They returned with cousin Tom and will start home in the morning. We came home to dinner.

  1. We will confirm later that Frank is the son of Col. McLaughlin.  (back)