Saturday, 17th February, 1866

A lovely day, weather more moderate. Bill and Hardie are out nearly all day. Randall carried 12 bushels corn to the mill and brought the meal from 12 bush. The boys walked to the C. H. while they were out. Heard there they intended having another hop, so many good things were left on the 14th, more than they consume. – – I spent the day mostly reading the “Mormons” of Josephine.1The 02/01 1841 issue of Times and Seasons, a Mormon newspaper published in Nauvoo, IL, reprinted a review of The Book of Mormon that had recently appeared in the newspaper the New-Yorker. The article had been forwarded to the paper by “A. G. Gano, Esq. of Cincinnati.” The review was signed “Josephine,” “supposed” in the Times and Seasons as the pen name of a daughter of “Gen. Sandford.” This may have been Charles W. Sandford, a lawyer who in 1841 was Major General of the First Division of the New York State Militia. As the eldest daughter of General Sandford (Lucy) would still have been a teenager in 1841, none of his four daughters were likely “Josephine.” Perhaps the General’s wife, Mary, penned the review and chose the name of the wife of a late French general who was better-known. Caroline was certainly reading a reprint of that article, or perhaps “Josephine” wrote again on the Mormon religion. While her article was benign enough to be reprinted by the Mormons, anti-Mormon religious tracts appeared early and often. Anti-Mormonism would grow to become a significant national religious, political, and cultural phenomenon. But it became especially hostile, politically sensitive, and violent in the American South after the Civil War. A recent book goes into detail. Thanks to Richard Lyman Bushman for his Joseph Smith – Rough Stone Rolling, A cultural biography of Mormonism’s founder (2005), which provided the reference that makes this footnote possible. His book provides an excellent window into the religious climate of the 1820s – 1840s, a time that also gave rise to the Christadelphians, the religious group in which the Littlepages became active participants. Mormons and Christadelphians have shared being described as cultish and anti-Christian by many “mainstream” Christians. But the rich religious stew of the times provided another connection. Mr. A. G. Gano, who forwarded “Josephine’s” article, was the brother Cincinnati’s better-known Daniel Gano. In 1832 Daniel befriended and offered lodging to recent English immigrant Dr. John Thomas. Dr. Thomas has already appeared here in Caroline’s Journal. It was through this Gano that Dr. Thomas became acquainted with the Disciples of Christ and its founder, Alexander Campbell. Quickly a disciple and colleague of Campbell’s, Dr. Thomas soon acrimoniously split with him. Thomas then began sowing the seeds of the religious community that would become the Christadelphians.