A fine day. Zac assisted Bill in sowing pea patch today, blk. eyed peas, and put in eight bushels in the field adjoining Enfield. – – I cut out a jacket for Nan, blk. alpaca, she is trimming very prettily. Does but little in the way of study. – – Patsy washed today and ridged a few sweet potatoes in the evening. – – Bill commenced them. Sold Randall 3 lbs. bacon.
Fine morning after the rain. Zac prepared to attend the singing school. – – Bill rode Fannie away on business. – – Nan is having her second chill. Sent by Bill for a vial of pain killer, it’s recommended for chills. – – Stuart is so much company for me. He is a dear little fellow and as obedient as he can be. Martha Ann sent Tom for potato plants this morning. Sent 125, some lettuce and a dish of peas. – – Patsy finished transplanting the rest of my cabbage plants before going to the field. I cooked breakfast this morning. Bill returned to supper and Zac likewise. The former took lunch at Ju’s. – – Says they are going to spend the day here Friday. – – I wrote Pigeo today in answer to Sadie’s letter.
Threatening for rain all day, indeed it did rain in the evening. Patsy set out a square of cabbage plants. – – Bill having corn shelled this evening, then finished transplanting potato plants, some five or six thousand in all. I have churning done every other day. Make a nice parcel of butter since selling the calves. – – Patsy’s out this morning, got breakfast and I cooked dinner. Mrs. Lipscomb came for some corn. She carried ½ bushel and half pound butter. Nan finished off a white body today.
Fine day except being windy. Patsy sick. I got Clarissa to make a square for cabbage, that ploughed the other day. She is a very obliging servant. I generally reward her for little things of the kind. – – Zac accompanied Nan in a boat ride by moonlight to Mr. Henley’s after supper, after he returned from school. – – I sat up till they returned ½ past eleven. They found me in the strawberry patch, as bright as day almost. Bill had just retired. Nan got the trimming Mrs. Henley purchased for her in Richmond. Bill attended Court. Brought a letter for Hardie from his friend Adams.1“Adams” has not been identified. Caroline will not mention him, or her, again. – – Took off 42 bags plaster @ $1.35 pr. bag, 11 ½ bushels blk. peas @ 9 pr. bushel and 8 ½ @ 7/6 pr. bushel.2Caroline wrote “8 ½ @ 7/6 pr.” clearly, and with very deliberate pen strokes. But the “7/6” does not appear to mean an “improper” fraction. Click on the link and share your interpretation of what she meant. BTW, this image clearly shows Caroline writing upside down in the old store ledger.
Quite a pretty morning, but the wind rose and blew very hard the rest of the day. Bill and Nan remained at home through indisposition. Zac rode Fannie and I went in the carriage alone to Church, Washington drove. We took dinner at Ju’s. He accompanied Miss Lu to Acquinton and I brought Stuart with me home.
Likely for rain. Zac drew about 1200 potato plants. All hands transplanted for short time and then went to the field, and Zac with Addison and Patsy finished the rest. He then repaired a bridle for the purpose of accompanying a young lady to the singing at Acquinton Church tomorrow evening. – – I finished his pants nearly, been so little time for sewing. I can accomplish but very little, comparatively speaking. – – The general appearance of the corn and wheat fields is anything but flattering to a farmer.
Found it raining this morning and continued cloudy and threatening till after Zac returned with the intention of taking Nan to Mr. Henley’s by promise. The rain prevented. Bill went to the Church on business with Mr. Gary and Houchings.1Mr. William M. Gary owned a store at Acquinton, perhaps operated by Johnny Willeroy. This is Caroline’s first mention of Gary, but not the commercial nature of the Acquinton Church community. Most recently was 10 May. Nearby is Mr. Houchings, who has been mentioned many times before doing “mechanic” work for the Littlepages. Carried an oxcart wheel. He borrowed one in place of it till that was done, I believe. – – Patsy’s in the field part of the day. – – Sold Mr. Warburton three calves for $15, paid.
Quite a pretty day. Zac made preparation before starting to school to spend the night with the Col., or rather promised Frank to do so. – – I am at work on Zac’s pants. – – Patsy went to the field to their corn with the rest of the hands. – – I got dinner.
Quite a pretty day again. Zac attended the singing school. Bill remained in bed, and took Shallenberger pills and missed his chill.1The click-through advertisement is from The Louisiana Democrat. (Alexandria, La.), 10 Aug. 1870. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82003389/1870-08-10/ed-1/seq-4/> – – Zac returned to supper. Bev spent the evening. – – Jim laid up a few potato beds late this evening. Patsy worked in the garden again today. Nan and I ironed some eight shirts this morning before breakfast for Bill and Zac. – – Cut out a pair of tweed cashmere pants for Zac, and Nan and I stitched them up. – – Had a waiter of strawberries gathered for Bev. Nan sent a few to her Aunt Martha. Nan wrote to Bake. – – Sowed a row of peas late this evening by the tomatoes.
Another pretty day. Jennie and Melvin Walker started very early in order to meet with Mrs. Henley at Walkerton on her way to Richmond.1While Caroline clearly spells “Melvin” she must have been referring to Melville Walker. See footnote for 9 January, 1865. She will spell his name correctly eventually. Also eventually, Melville Walker and Jennie Henley will marry. But that will happen 3 November, 1868, well after this volume of Caroline’s Journal ends. I sent $1 by Jennie for her mother to get some trimming for Nan’s jacket. Bill is out of bed some today, but very feeble. – – Patsy worked in the garden some before dinner and ironed a few things after dinner. I starched some shirts and sprinkled the clothes, and I do get so tired doing things I’ve not been accustomed to, but if I have health, my strength will improve. I’m fond of exercise, but not without limit as I sometimes give into myself. I try to do myself what I used to think an imposition almost for ½ day, but it’s only when I feel badly that I take it to heart. Bill walked to show Nan where a strawberry patch was. She got a nice bucket full.
A lovely day. Nan and Zac started to the Pic Nic. – – Drove one of Ju’s mules. Returned after dark and said Miss Jennie Henley and Mr. Walker had gone on to Mantua Ferry, but would return here if they found any difficulty in crossing.1Mantua Ferry was mentioned in a footnote back on 25 April last year. The crossing is downriver from Woodbury just before White Oak Landing. The ferry provides easy access to the Stevensville section of King & Queen County from King William. It is named for the Mantua plantation in King and Queen County. After waiting some time, they concluded to take supper and gave them out, but before they finished, their buggy drove around the circle and I sent supper in the parlor to them and retired soon after, it being about ten o’clk. – – Gave Bill quinine today, but it did not prevent his chill. He was very sick with it. I spent quite a lonely day. Looked for Mag, but I suppose something prevented her coming. Made some delightful strawberry tarts and custard and enjoyed them extravagantly by myself. Parky and Patty came in to see me. Gave them some early peas and loaf bread. Gave buttermilk and bread to Scott and Frank, who came to see me also. Buck had just churned on Bill’s account. – – Jim and Washington returned from Richmond. The latter brought several letters, one from Sadie Hopson, one from Bake, and one from little Rosa Hanes. Pigeo was indisposed and Sadie wrote at her request. I appreciate her letters.
Quite a pretty day, but Bill’s indisposition renders it necessary for me to remain at home. Nannie and Zac went in the buggy to Zion and returned to dinner. Horace dined here. Zac returned with him for some letters he told me were at Ju’s for Hardie and Bill. – – Nan received an invitation to a Pic Nic and Tournament at West Point Church.1West Point Church is the 19th century name of colonial era St. Johns Church, completed about 1734. It was built about the same time, and in the same style, as Acquinton Church. It is located about 9 miles west of West Point on the “Ridge Road,” modern Route 30. More about tournaments on 8 June. Mag sent me word by Horace she would spend the day with me tomorrow. I shall be glad to see her for I expect to spend the day very lonely if Nan and Zac attend the Pic Nic.
A lovely day after the inclemency of the morning was over. – – Mr. Foster came to buy lambs, but didn’t come to a bargain.1Thomas K. Foster, about 68, lives nearby with his wife Mary, 51. While also a small farmer, the 1850 and 1870 US Census lists him as a blacksmith. By 1866 most of the Foster children are grown and have left home. Only Theodore, about 16 when Caroline mentions this Mr. Foster, is living at home by the 1870 US Census. However, older brother Richard, who would be about 24 in 1866, has recently married and may be interested in establishing a household that includes a herd of sheep. Mr. Foster will not reappear, so we will not be able to narrow down Caroline’s visitor more closely than this. Bev Littlepage spent the day. Zac and he made a drift and caught 4 shad. – – Gave Bev two letters to read. – – Bill had a chill today. – – Zac carried Nan and myself to Walkerton, made some purchases. Sold Randall a pair of cloth pants for $3.50, also paid him $2. – – Patsy went on a visit today. – – Clarissa milks, we have three _?_ calves.2Caroline apparently has chosen to substitute small reverse commas for letters in two words. My reading is that she wishes to write, “.., we have three goodly calves.” Caroline is at this point beginning to write into a water damaged portion of the old ledger. Perhaps the damaged paper at the edge is so soft or rough that she gives up trying a smooth pen stroke and she expresses her frustration by these short marks. But she has plenty of space to start another line, which she shall do before this sentence is complete. Click on the phrase and tell me what you think. – – Gave Bill Calomel and Jalap tonight. – – Who ever reads this journal will laugh at the incoherent style in which it is written, but twas not for other eyes to see. – – Nan received a letter from Jennie Henley.
The rainy weather continues. Patsy and Clarissa did something in the way of replanting corn. – – Messrs. Cooke and Norment rode here yesterday or day before rather. – – Cut off a beautiful black silk belt for Nan to make. I’ve been darning socks several days. Am perfectly devoted to it. Jim and Washington started to Richmond this morning. Jim had a $20 note change. Gave him 5 and Washington $10. – – Bill complains right much of indisposition. – – I enjoyed the sturgeon Ju sent down by Zac very much, 13 lbs a 5pr.1“13 lbs a 5 pr.” might simply mean Ju sent 5 pieces of sturgeon that totaled 13 pounds. But I am not sure. Click on the phrase and share your thoughts.
Commenced watering potato beds and some other little things yesterday evening, but it came on to rain and rained incessantly through the night. Zac came from Mt. Hope soon after breakfast, where he spent the night with all the rest who were caught there by the rain. I will send for Nannie this evening, though the day is very inclement. – – Zac returned with Nan about sunset, having taken a very pleasant board. – – Patsy washed today. – – I cooked dinner. Had fried chicken and various other things. Always have something good when I cook.
Windy, disagreeable weather, but not so cold as it has been. The boys replanted watermelons before breakfast. – – Zac attends singing school today. I wrote to Nan, who will attend the singing with Lu and Jennie, to meet him at Ju’s tomorrow and walk home from there in the evening after spending the day with Mag. – – He rode Fannie today in order to go to see Dr. Jack Braxton on business. Carried a letter from Bill. – – Col. McLaughlin sent a hog for two pieces bacon. I sent a ham weighing 12 ½ lbs. and a middling weighing 14 lbs. – – I’ve been looking over some papers in the desk today, but I can learn very little from them. It is something so little suited to the capacity of a lady.1Reading over the legal papers associated with the 1833 Will of Reuben Dugar would challenge a seasoned attorney. Collected today at the Library of Virginia in the Chancery Causes file for King William County as “Ann King, etc. v. Administrator of John Meredith, etc.” (1868-001) what is certainly only a partial collection numbers 188 pages. As the Library has recently digitized these papers, they are available for viewing online, or download. Briefly told, the 5th clause of Dugar’s Will lent itself to interpretation as to his wishes for the distribution of his property. This eventually precipitated lawsuits among his heirs. With the marriage, birth of children, and death of some of the original Dugar heirs, the court appointed local “non-interested” administrators to oversee portions of the estate and represent the minor heirs while the legal questions were being settled. Representing one group of heirs and named as “Administrator of John Meredith, etc.” was Lewis Littlepage. The suits, countersuits, judgements, and appeals continued into the Civil War years and the death of Lewis Littlepage in 1863. Now the final disposition of Dugar’s will is at hand and has been dropped into Caroline’s lap. Unfortunately for those included under “John Meredith, etc.” the judgement of the court went against them. It is now time to settle up. The estate of Lewis Littlepage must provide an accounting of the portion of the Dugar estate entrusted to him and transfer appropriate monies to the other heirs. It is clear from her journal that Caroline, and her family, were kept only marginally abreast of the details of Lewis’ role as Administrator. It is also possible that the funds necessary to resolve this matter are not readily at hand. Would that it had been averted, but it was the Lord’s will and my destiny. I will try and exercise a spirit of endurance and do the best I am capable of doing and commit my ways at all times to Him whom I continually pray to, to guiding and direct, instruct and admonish me in all my undertakings and that the cross is a perplexities of the few transitory years which may be allotted to me on earth. May not “engross” with time things to the exclusion of the more important ones of eternity.
A white frost this morning and regularly cold all day. – – Zac went to school this morning. After taking a snack Bill rode away on business. Jim, Randolph, Washington, John Banks and Addison are running cultivators. Patsy replanting corn. – – I sent Mag some very nice loaf bread by Buck this morning. He staid 4 hours and brought me a very nice coconut pie. I’ve spent the day quite lonely, but always spend it pleasantly when I am alone. Beck paid me a visit, was quite entertaining. Has gotten tired of her present home and is not on speaking terms with Dellah and Corbin. Bill and Zac returned to supper. Bill attend Court and Zac school. The Col. was there, but looks bad he says. Sent by him to enquire if I could let him have some more bacon.
Exceedingly cool for the season. Bill’s cultivating corn today, running some five cultivators. Used one himself today, and was very tired when he came to the house. Went to fret about the disastrous season upon the corn and the injury it had sustained, but I soon stopped him. He says the corn is perfectly seared by the frost and a great deal of it buried in sand, some four or five inches, by the winds and rain recently. – – Zac went to Court in order to ascertain there whether the Col. was well enough to commence teaching again. Has lost a week. Couldn’t learn though correctly. He returned to dinner after we had dined. I cooked dinner today. Sent Patsy to replant corn with Addison. – – Millard Lipscomb came down in the carriage to meet Lu, who returned from King and Queen in company with Miss Jennie Henley.1Millard Lipscomb, b. 1850, second son of Sterling (Brett) Lipscomb and Angelina [Ellett] Lipscomb, is Lu’s brother. Those interested in Lipscomb family genealogy should not be thrown off by the enumerator in the 1860 US Census recording his name as Mildred, a 10 year-old male (!). They spent an hour or so and insisted on me letting Nan go with them and stay several days and attend the singing school on Wednesday, as she has never had it in her power to go yet. They all started about sunset. – – Bill came to the house soon after, and thinks a famine inevitable, no prospect for a crop of corn this time. The frosts are very injurious. I believe we have had them nearly every night since May came in.
Quite a pretty morning, but cool. Nan and I went in the carriage to Zion, Randolph drove. Bill said he wished to go out for the day, so I got Zac to remain at home, but after I left, Bill quietly remained also. I was very angry then that Zac didn’t go to Church. We dined at Ju’s and returned about sunset. Had a cloud and some rain to come in.
A lovely day after the morning, which was inclement. Bill and I transplanted two rows late cabbage plants between the Tom Thumb peas. Had the first peas today and a nice dish of spring turnip salad. It comes rather earlier than the kale, and is very nice. – – Put my Va. cloth skirt on the body I had turned some time ago. – – Zac has not returned from the fish fry at Walkerton yet. Returned to supper, having had a very pleasant time. Dined at Mr. Henley’s today. Jennie Henley will return with Lu Monday evening to stay with her till after the singing at Acquinton. They send a particular request for Nan to return with them to stay that length of time. – – Weighed meat for John Banks and Jim for three weeks, and Washington and Randall one week. John Banks doesn’t work today.
We have a great deal of cloudy and wet weather recently. This has been a very inclement day. – – The freedmen received notice from William Edwards to meet at the C. H. today.1Why, you might ask, should William Edwards give notice for the Freedmen of KW to meet at the Courthouse? A reading of the Freedmen’s Bureau Records provides the answer. Among the initial assignments for Lt. Chance was the establishment the Freedman’s Court for the County. The Court was to consist of a representative of the Freedmen, a representative of the White citizens of the County, and Lt. Chance. At the public meeting called by Lt. Chance, likely back on 26 March, the Freedmen selected William D. Edwards of Cherry Grove. Edwards, 34, served throughout the war in the King William Artillery, attaining the rank of Sergeant before being wounded at Yellow Tavern, losing an arm, and finishing out the war in the Reserves. We met him in a footnote back on 13 March, 1865. This selection seems, at least on the surface, an odd choice. More oddly, the White citizens declined to select a representative. Thus when the first Freedman’s Court opened in April, only representatives of the Freedmen and the Bureau heard and decided cases brought before them. Next week Lt. Chance will notify his superiors that on May 14th the White citizens reconsidered and selected a Confederate veteran to represent them as well, Col. James Christopher Johnson. – – Zac took Lu down the river to Mr. Henley’s. – – He has only attended school one day this week, owing to the Col’s, being sick. Bill rode to the C. H. after taking a snack. I cut out and made a shirt for Buck today. He is very much in want of it. – – Patsy’s scraping out some walks in the yard, too wet for anything. I am a little indisposed or at least I think so. Nan went down and had a nice little supper about an hour by sun, “excellent coffee” and she and I enjoyed it. I then laid down and took a short nap and by that time Bill returned and I went with him down to supper. I only ate a piece of fruit pie. Nan thinks I am very imprudent, but I really have enjoyed the pies and think they have agreed with me better than anything else I’ve eaten for the last several days. I wanted something acid. I believe it’s necessary for the stomach. – – Mrs. Hill sent to me for potato plants, but I could send her but very few, just having drawn and set about 1000 a day or two ago. Sent her little upwards of a hundred. – – Hal sent me a nest for my bird. – – Received a letter from Hardie from Danville, and a notice respecting Meredith suit.2The “notice” was a summons. When Caroline qualified as administrator of her husband’s estate she also assumed Lewis’ administrative role in one of the estates involved in this decades-old series of legal claims and counter-claims. She also assumed the liabilities. Caroline will continue to mention her vexatious legal entanglement for the next few months.
Fine day after so much rain. Zac returned to breakfast, having spent the night with Johnny Willeroy at Acquinton Church store. Attended the singing yesterday, failed to get his book though. – – We all walked over the garden after breakfast, and Nan and I found some ripe strawberries. I couldn’t help plucking them, they were so enticing. The two birds, Hal and Hardie as they are named, have scraped the acquaintance of each other, but Hal stands upon her dignity. Devonshire floated for herrings seine yesterday and today.1Devonshire White appears in the 1866, ’67, & ’68 KW Personal Property Tax Rolls. No further reference to him has been found. Caught 75 yesterday and 90 today, making 165 salted up by us. – – Patsy brought the hot bed frames to put away, and while I was in the store room, Lu Lipscomb and her brother came. Spent the evening and night. Aylett returned home with the carriage.2No one with the first name Aylett has been found in KW public records for this time period. However, since Caroline writes that “Lu Lipscomb and her brother came,” and “Aylett returned home with the carriage,” it seems likely Caroline was referring to Lu’s younger brother Ellett, b. 1847, and mistakenly wrote Aylett instead. (Remember that Sterling Brett Lipscomb married Caroline’s cousin, Angelina Ellett.) Inconsistency in the public record about the name of Sterling Brett Lipscomb’s second child and first son will follow him to his Certificate of Death in 1933. – – The children sat up quite late in the parlor playing. Nan and Lu slept in the room over the back chamber. I slept in the chamber alone. – – Took Buck with me upstairs and had everything put in place ready for morning. Retired at 12. If it were not that I get right tired sometimes, I prefer having few darkies about me. They require so much looking after.
I am feeling right much indisposed this morning.- Laid in bed till after sunrise. – – After breakfast I repaired two shirts for Bill and Zac. Came on a rain a about ten o’clk., and Bill went to the barn with the hands and had barn house work done. – – Zac prepared himself to attend the singing school today. Gave him $1 to purchase a book and $.50 to pay for some blank books for bookkeeping. – – I doubled yarn for stockings for myself and Patsy twisted it while it was raining, after raking the potato beds. We transplanted about 1000 plants this evening. I drew most of them up. Got right much sprinkled, and Nan had me a nice cup of hot coffee when I came in. – – Zac does not return tonight. He’s becoming quite a lady’s man and quite popular with the girls. – – A tremendous rain this evening, accompanied with thunder and lightning. Nan is so much afraid of it. Do miss Hardie so much, I don’t know what I shall do when he gets married and leaves me altogether, if I am living then, i.e.
Quite a pretty morning. Gave directions to Patsy last night to have an early breakfast for Hardie to take the boat, had to go some distance down the river. I fixed up some things such as I thought would be most suitable for the boat, a shoulder of bacon, shad, herrings, sausage, meal, asparagus, peas, butter, &c, &c. He left about ½ past six. Washington took him down the river in the boat. He didn’t return till night nearly. The vessel had gone lower down the river. – – I’ve been sad today at his departure. Went in his room and had it nicely cleaned up and floor washed by Patsy. – – Nan and I wrote to Mary and Liv and sent the things he requested. Nan sent his two shirts she made and some old seine for fixing up tomato plants. – – I wrote to Mary and she to Liv and sent the things by Buck. – – Went in the garden and sowed some radish seed in my hot bed this evening. – – Gave Nan a hen and four turkeys. It would be useless for me to attempt to raise turkeys and they with her pig to feed will be some amusement for her. She gets so lonesome sometimes. – – The Col’s. sick, not at school today, not Frank either.
I think the weather has moderated some, though we had frost again last night. Hardie has been busy all day making a cross for the front yard. Fixed it in the ground and sowed the seed this evening, something to remind me of him when he is gone. Will leave tomorrow in Capt. Bramble’s vessel, will not wait for the steamboat any longer. – – Bill wrote some letters for him tonight. Zac informed me when he returned from school that Hal had sent my bird to Ju’s, so I engaged Washington to go up for it. We sat up till he returned with the bird and some things sent down by Mr. Perkins, my umbrella, music for Nan, and a letter a piece from Mary and Liv.1In 1854 Alexander H. (A. H.) Perkins is listed on the KW Land Tax Rolls as purchasing 235 acres of land 3 miles NW of KW Courthouse from Horace Waring. The KW US Census six years later lists him, a 40 year-old M.D., living with wife Martha, 30, and others, George, 2, and Frank, 20 (Brother?). In another 3 years Perkins additionally owns nearby “Sunnyside,” recently purchased from Mr. John H. Pitts. No local Virginia taxes were collected in 1864, nor rolls made. In 1865 we find no Perkins listed on the PP Tax Roll, and while A. H. is still listed as owning both tracts of land, his residence is given as Chesterfield County. By the time Caroline writes of a Mr. Perkins a year later, Alexander H. is listed as living in Fauquier County. And while he still owns “Sunnyside” he has sold all but 60 acres of the other property to recently married Col. H.C. McLaughlin. But as Alexander H. disappears from the PP rolls, two new male Perkins appear, Jno. W. and William. One of these, certainly related somehow to A. H., is likely the one to have sent down some things to the Littlepages. I am sorry to hear of the disaster among her vegetables from the recent hall storm, also the injury she has sustained in crushing the glass in windows and hot beds. – – We put the little bird in the cage with the other, and Hardie and Bill laughed immoderately at the introduction between the two. Hal and Hardin are their names. Bake named them before she left, but I don’t think I can let her take them away when she comes, if she comes this summer, which I hope nothing will prevent. Hardie took a $20 gold piece out of his pocket book and I gave him $10 in greenbacks, which was all I believe he carried with him, except $5 in Va. money.
I arose quite early this morning with some idea of walking to Zion, but found it would be too inclement a morning and with regret gave out going, but thought Nan and Zac might venture in the old buggy. They did so and returned to dinner. Bill remained at home till evening, and then walked to Ju’s. Hardie took dinner there on his way from Acquinton where he had accompanied Miss Lockhart and Hal. – – Capt. Bramble’s vessel anchored out here this morning. Bill went aboard and engaged a trip for Hardie, I believe.1While Caroline does not provide the Captain’s first name, it is possibly Henry T. Bramble of Baltimore. The Bramble surname has been associated with the Maryland maritime trades for generations. Capt. Henry Bramble will ply the waters of the Chesapeake for many years. He may be the Capt. Bramble who became immeshed in the Bay’s Oyster Wars a few years later. They returned from Ju’s together. – – I cooked dinner on the stove today. Let Patsy go visiting. Zac wrote a long letter to Bake this evening.
Zac is busy fixing his trellis, but went with me in the garden after breakfast and transplanted some burr artichokes Mrs. Hill sent me by Willie Boykin to the school house yesterday and Zac brought them this evening.1Jerusalem Artichokes were sometimes called Burr Artichokes. This from Classical Southern Cooking (2008) by Damon Lee Fowler: “This fine vegetable was enjoyed in the South for hundreds of years, first by Native Americans and later by European settlers. Once, it was so popular that older cookbook authors simply called them “artichokes” and distinguished the real thing by calling it a “burr” artichoke. Sadly, in this century this delicate vegetable has fallen unaccountably out of favor, and has been relegated mostly to the pickle jar.” Also brought some tin pans from the store at Acquinton Church. I will keep two and return one. – – Zac rode Fannie away on some business for Bill this evening and returned after we had finished supper. Hardie has not returned yet.
Quite a pretty morning, but clouded up and promises some rain this evening and quite cool withall. – – Zac dressed before he started to school in order to attend a concert this evening by some of the scholars. Hardie went to Mrs. Hill’s after dinner by Hal’s invitation to eat ice cream, and Bill has gone to Canton to buy shoes. Gave him $5.50, rode Fannie. – – Patsy planted early peas today, and in order for her to finish I cooked dinner. Buck is a nice little hand about the stove. – – Boiled a large ham and had some ½ doz. dishes. I certainly am improving rapidly. Begin to feel proud of my qualifications as a cook. My first one or two attempts were disheartening in the extreme, but I certainly enjoy it now. Plenty of nice lettuce every day with onions, which the boys enjoy very much.