Friday, 23rd November, 1866

The weather good. Bill and I arose early. I wrote to Hardie, and he took a candle and went down and opened some oysters. Rode to the C. H. before breakfast and had my letter mailed, and one from him to Smith and Watkins. Mine to Hardie is in the same envelope. – – Mr. Cooke came by on his way from the wedding. Borrowed the wheat fan, and enquired about a bridle I thought he had taken home.1 – – Bill’s letter introduced Mr. Cooke to the notice of Messrs. Smith and Watkins. He has busied himself today reinstating the front gate post and railing, broken by wild oxen the night dear old Zac returned with a load of flour and meal from Robin’s mill. Washington had to take the oxcart and assist him in getting it home from the mill, where the mules stalled. – – Prepared breakfast for the Harris’, not apprising of their intentions of getting their own corn. – – We hauled loads with the wagon today. Jim hauled wood to kill hogs Monday morning. – – Made some excellent ginger cakes and jumbles today. – – Bill and Nan went up in the carriage to meeting tonight. Took some strong coffee before they left. I kept supper waiting for them. Pigeo returned with them, and Hal also to spend several days. They all enjoyed the stewed oysters for supper. I cut off a skirt for Mollie while we were waiting for the children.

  1. Caroline has written many times about fanning wheat or oats. This is the process by which the chaff, which Caroline sometimes calls “fan,” is separated from the grain. Often called winnowing, traditionally the kernels are thrown into the air. The lighter loose chaff is blown away while the heavier core kernels falls back to the ground. But this is the first time she mentions a mechanical wheat fan. This likely used mesh screens and an artificial air moving device (fan) to “separate the wheat from the chaff.”  (back)