Wednesday, 20th March, 1867

The same kind prevailing, but more moderate in temperature. – – Notwithstanding, Bill went to the Mill for the flour. Concluded to go in the boat as the roads were so bad. Got up as far as the White Oak and sent Tiler across to tell Wilkerson to bring the oxcart for the flour at W. H.1 He started through the rain. – – I have never known or heard of such weather. The news by the papers is thrilling. In some places, whole cities are overflown and hundreds of lives lost, houses carried off in the current, some persons having their houses tied by ropes and chains to prevent theirs moving off. But the Bible assures that the world shall no more be destroyed by water. Then we may expect to see good weather after a while. I do not expect any till next month. Then we shall have wind enough to dry up everything in a little while. I dread that more than the present. We have had so little wind during this month, we may expect a good deal next.2 – – Made the skirt of my dress today, and Pigeo made the sleeves. I washed some little things for her.

  1. This is Caroline’s first and only reference to Tiler (pronounced Tyler?).   (back)
  2. While the unusual amount of rainfall Caroline documents in the spring of 1867 certainly disrupted lives on the eastern seaboard, the worst effects were felt across the mountains. The Ohio River basin was hard hit, with March 1867 is still known as the time of Chattanooga’s “Great Flood.” Closer to home the effects on roads and spring planting were widely discussed in Richmond newspapers. The causes and prediction of these weather events was much the topic of discussion, including contributions from the large number of folks who thought the moon effected weather. These were sometimes described by detractors as “lunatics.”  (back)