Sunday, 26th May, 1867

An inclement day. Sent strawberries and peas by John Owen on George to Zion for Cousin Lem. We all remained at home till evening. Bill rode out and returned at dark. Mr. Cooke brought Mrs. Harrison and children over to spend the evening. Had a considerable cloud about that time and a great deal of rain. We all sat and sang around the little table till the cloud subsided. Eddie Harrison remained with the children. I was sorry Mrs. Harrison came too late to have strawberries gathered for milk, but all hands went in the square and gathered for themselves. Pigeo and Mr. Cooke took a buggy ride together before they started home. Stuart has been suffering very much all day with crick in his neck. Mary and I were employed all day nearly trying every way to pacify him. Sent a message to his Pa, but he didn’t come.

Saturday, 25th May, 1867

Quite a damp day, with frequent showers. Clarissa came to replant corn. Uncle David sick. Commenced replanting yesterday. I settled with Clarissa this evening and sold Tom 2 pair pants, a coat and vest for $6 and gave him $1 cash. Bettie chopped a little in the garden before dinner. – – Milk and strawberries for supper.

Friday, 24th May, 1867

Still cool. Am sorry the woman disappointed us, as I intended to engage her to work over the garden. – – Bettie washed a little more again today, though ½ day was sufficient to wash the clothes if she was well. – – We expected Mrs. Harrison and children to spend the evening, as Mr. Cooke said he would bring them by water. Lucie helped me to pick some strawberries after returning from Ju’s this morning with Stuart, whom Ju had taken to the baptizing, and put them down at the gate to walk to the house. – – We were right much disappointed at them not coming. Enjoyed the strawberries very much for supper. – – Bill brought me a letter from Hardie as he returned from the baptizing. – – Gave Mr. Owen’s an emetic today and he is much better this evening. Stuart is a good child with me but they say a bad one at home. Bill and Pigeo went up to the meeting again tonight. Mr. Cooke came soon after they started and offered to take me up in his buggy, but I declined going, it was too late.

Thursday, 23rd May, 1867

Cool and disagreeable. Bettie took out some clothes to wash but didn’t succeed in putting them out. She is very complaining, but is trying to do something. Of course her wages will not go on till she is able to work. John Owen, her husband, was taken sick today. I cooked dinner and supper. Eliza came to see me about getting a home. Mary partially said she would come tomorrow and remain till she returns home. Pigeo and Bill went up on horseback to meeting and were very much pleased with the speakers, Messrs. Holland, Cave, and Cutler.1 Had 4 or 5 additions who will be baptized in the morning.

  1. For the sake of clarity I have rendered Caroline’s “Mrs.” as Messrs. Although Mr. Holland seems to appear only twice, and Misters Cave and Cutler only once, it seems likely these are John Lyttleton Tazewell Holland of Fluvanna County, L. W. Cave of Spotsylvania, and Landon A. Cutler of Louisa. All were prominent leaders in the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) and would have been welcomed by members of Jerusalem Church, and perhaps members of Zion as well. In 1888 Rev. L. W. Cave would be the minister at Corinth Christian Church in upper King William. Caroline wrote of “Mr. and Mrs. Holland” on 18 October of last year.  (back)

Wednesday, 22nd May, 1867

Cold, disagreeable weather. The most unseasonable I ever knew. Bettie milked this morning. Thinks she will be well enough to go to work tomorrow. I am general undertaker and do every bodies business, no mistake, my work remains to be done some other time, if ever. – – Bill rode to the shop and when he returned took Pigeo on horseback up to meeting at C. H. Was disappointed no preacher.

Tuesday, 21st May, 1867

Raining delightfully this morning, after a continued rain through the night. Bill had upwards of 1200 potato plants put out, in addition to 1000 put out on the 9th. – – I spent the day mostly in the dining room scalding pickles, making and baking pies, cakes, &c and then cooked dinner, 2nd dish of peas. Bettie baked bread today. – – I certainly have no time for my work, such as sewing, knitting, &c. Pigeo’s nearly finished her calico dress. Lucy went to the cow pen again this evening. Hope Bettie will be out in a day or two.

Monday, 20th May, 1867

Cool and windy. Bill had potato ground bedded and worked some in the garden. I am afraid it will run away with grass if Bettie continues sick much longer. Had the first dish of peas today. I have been cooking now for nearly a week. Bill rode Phil to the C. H. and the rain kept him all night. I asked him to enquire of Suddie about fixing the carriage. Have no way to go from home at all.

Sunday, 19th May, 1867

A lovely day, and I would like above all things to attend Church every Sunday if I possibly could, but having no conveyance at present must content myself the best I can at home. Mary’s quite complaining all day. Bill took a long nap about dinner time. John boiled a joint in the kitchen, and I cooked the rest of the dinner in the stove and then had to dine alone, i.e., no one but Mollie and myself. All had taken a snack and are napping. Mr. and Mrs. Garrett and Dr. Ju spent the evening. Mr. Cooke and Pigeo arrived from Smyrna to supper, expected them yesterday evening.

Saturday, 18th May, 1867

Pretty weather, but too cool for vegetation. We all oversleep ourselves as of late, must turn over a new leaf. – – Bill went out to feed and soon came in to tell me Fannie had a colt. I went to see it after breakfast and thought it a very fine one and named it “Shakespeare” after his Pa’s riding horse, the best one he rode on. – – Mr. Cooke came in his buggy about ten to take Pigeo to the Cooperation Meeting at Smyrna.1 Had lemonade and cake for them before they started. 1, 2, 3, 4 cakes made after breakfast. – – Walked with Mary to the barn to see the colt before dinner. She was very much pleased with it.

  1. This would be Smyrna Christian Church near Bruington in King and Queen County. Cooperation Meetings were regional meetings of representatives of individual Christian churches, much like Baptist Associations and Methodist Conferences. Caroline’s former church, Jerusalem Christian Church, would certainly be represented.  (back)

Friday, 17th May, 1867

The weather is remarkably cool for the season. Strawberry’s are ripening very slowly and garden looks badly. Ought to have had peas before now, but I shall not have a dish before tomorrow. – – Mary and Pigeo are busy sewing on her blk. silk sacque to wear to Smyrna in King and Queen tomorrow. Bill rode Phil up for the mail. Pigeo received a letter from Hardie in Baltimore. John Owens and Tom finished reploughing back of the garden for corn and went about breaking up the balance of the lot. – – I am regular cook now since Bettie has been sick. Extra nice loaf bread today, baked one oven full in the chamber and the other in the stove. We have excellent servants now, hope I shall not spoil them.

Thursday, 16th May, 1867

A lovely day. Bettie’s sick so I was up and in the dining room early and had breakfast ready ½ past 5 o’clk., and while we were at snack 10 o’clk., Mag walked in dining room very unexpectedly and spent the day with Stuart. The children all had their own way, and when Mag left, Lucie returned with her to spend several days. – – I commenced answering Zac’s letter, but had to put it up before finishing it. Was writing in the dining room when Mag came to get away from the noise of Carrie, who is just as bad as she can be.

Wednesday, 15th May, 1867

The weather quite cool, fine on the wheat though. The lot fence is finished. I walked to look at it this evening and was pleased with it. Set three hens while I was out. – – I have so much to job about that I do very little settled work. – – Mary’s looking for ripe strawberry’s, found a few turning. Bill attended Court today, was summoned on the jury yesterday when he went up there to see the Capt. of the vessel. I am going to _?_. Had it all put into bags this morning, some 44 bags. Bettie commenced weeding potato’s, but is sick and had to go to bed. Sold them flour, butter, &c, medicine for $.50.

Tuesday, 14th May, 1867

Quite a pretty day. Had a powerful rain, attended with severe thunder, vivid lightning last night. – – Finished planting all the ground prepared, and will commence reploughing the rest for corn planting tomorrow. Uncle David is fencing in the clover lot at last. If it had been done earlier, no doubt it would have been an excellent lot of clover, but it has been grazed down by every kind of stock. – – Pigeo’s making her calico dress and Mary at work on Carrie Sue’s dress.1 We all went in the garden late this evening and transplanted the rest of the late cabbage plants.

  1. The 1870 US Census lists Caroline’s granddaughter “Carry” Haines, daughter of Garland – listed as John – and Mary E. Haines, as 4. That would make her about 1 when this dress is being made. This seems to be the only written account of Carrie’s middle name.  (back)

Monday, 13th May, 1867

Another beautiful day. I was the first to awake and call up the boys, knowing Liv wished to make an early start to Richmond. Let him have two barrels corn and a drag, for which he is to settle in some short time. He took over 19 lbs. fresh butter to sell for me, two towels and a basket to return. Transplanted late cabbage plants this evening. Bill set the tomato plants this morning.

Sunday, 12th May, 1867

Quite a pretty day, all remained at home. Mr. Cooke spent the day. He and Pigeo took a buggy ride before dinner. I remained at home on acct. of having no way to go to Church, carriage and buggy both broke. How disagreeably unpleasant to me is such a state of affairs. The day passed off pleasantly, but my conscience reproaches me because I am not spending the day as I ought, and as I would be most pleased to do, as well as my privilege. – – We all took a walk in the evening, came by to see Lucy’s family of little children.

Saturday, 11th May, 1867

A beautiful day, but I am feeling stirred up and can’t get settled in mind. Never saw such times as these, always something or other turning up to perplex and annoy, and being creatures of circumstances, we often are thrown off our guard and caused to wander away obsequiously. Mr. Harris’s little girls walked with _?_ _?_ _?_ Pigeo and I took a _?_ _?_ Zion in a tumbrel _?_ _?_ almost too dark to _?_. Expected all the children but _?_ and I was sorry she left her, for she is my favorite _?_ _?_.1

  1. Water damage on this page has rendered many faint words unidentifiable, so far.  (back)

Friday, 10th May, 1867

Quite a lovely day. I went in the garden after breakfast and planted watermelon and muskmelon seeds and a row of broom corn. Gave breakfast to Clarissa, who came to plant corn today. Brought things for Pigeo to make a birth cake for Phil, “sole heir” of Jim and herself. She attempted to make some yeast first and failed. Then undertook the cake by herself, i.e., with Mollie’s assistance. Hope she will succeed. None so ignorant, I think, as those who will not receive instruction and none so blind as those who will not see. All may profit who will. She succeeded very well with the cake and I made some excellent yeast after dinner. I put up some asparagus to carry, and Pigeo and I rode to Enfield. Mrs. Harrison accompanied us across the river in Capt. Bramble’s boat, who kindly offered it and accompanied us over to the store. Left Mollie and Ellen with Mrs. Harrison’s children till we returned. The former will remain all night with them as she has never returned their visit till now. – – Pigeo and I, with Ellen behind, started at sunset and before we were out of sight of the house, one of the wheels crushed and we jumped out without sustaining any injury. It was fortunate for us the servants were just coming from their work and one of them hitched George to Mr. Cooke’s buggy and we got safely home, leaving our buggy in his field. Met Mr. Cooke returning home, who gave us letters from the P. O., one from Zac to Pigeo, one from Nan to her and myself, and one to me from Mr. Pollard in Richmond on Dr. Phil’s acct. (money matter) – – Bettie sick today, was complaining yesterday. Lucy milked this morning and evening.

Thursday, 9th May, 1867

Quite cool after the rain and hail. Bill with Uncle David transplanted about 1000 potato plants and a row of tomato’s Ju gave me. – – I sent a rooster and six hens to the quarters for Lucy to raise, one half for the other. – – Bettie got out clothes to wash, but complained of being sick. Bill employed a man to get rails at $.50 per day. He rode Phil to Mrs. McGeorge’s for seed corn, planted a little this evening, one hand and one drag. Uncle David hauling rails to enclose clover lot.

Wednesday, 8th May, 1867

I was awaked this morning by the storm raging without, sometime before 2 o’clk. It increased blowing, hailing and raining in torrents till day, and then the wind somewhat abated, but the rain continued till near sunset. Bettie milked this evening, the first time since yesterday morning. John Owens rode George to the C. H. and Acquinton to get a pair of shoes for his wife, gave him $2.

Tuesday, 7th May, 1867

Cloudy and showery all the morning and poured down rain all the evening. The ploughs stopped about eleven. Charles came to the house at the same time. Rained too hard for any work the rest of the day. Mr. Owens started to milk, but I doubt whether he can cross the creek. – – I wrote to Dr. Phil this morning. Bill rode to the C. H. to mail the letter, took breakfast at Ju’s.

Monday, 6th May, 1867

Rather windy today. Still opening corn ground, will be ready to plant perhaps Tuesday or Wednesday. Bettie worked a little in the garden before dinner and cleaned the office floor in the evening. I am repairing various things. Bill rode to Enfield to see a Capt. of vessel about taking wheat. He will be down the river next Saturday. Mr. Cooke engaged the Capt.’s boat to take Pigeo and I, with Mrs. Harrison and the children, including Mollie, across the river to Walkerton store, but the wind blew so hard we were afraid to go.

Sunday, 5th May, 1867

A pretty day. Pigeo and I attended Zion, left Mollie with Bill. We came by Ju’s to dine. Returned to supper and found Mr. Cooke with Bill. He is taking Cholagogue every day and I think improves under it. – – We drove Phil today and I am satisfied that he doesn’t suit me and will write to Dr. Phil to that effect and he promised to make it all right if I became dissatisfied with him. – – Mr. Cooke left about eleven.

Saturday, 4th May, 1867

Quite a lovely day. Had the potato ground ploughed by Uncle David. When he finished, had a square reploughed for transplanting late cabbage. – – Bettie employed the day for herself today. Pigeo and I had intended going to Acquinton shopping, but Phil, the horse I intended driving, had a swollen shoulder, been unfit for work for several days. Two ploughs are opening corn rows and one drag at work. – – Patsy came to see me this evening. Walked with her to show her my garden and gave her some little things before leaving. I am always glad to see her.

Friday, 3rd May, 1867

Cloudy with light sprinkles of rain all day, not sufficient to prevent work. Clarissa planted corn half day. Sent Mrs. George milk and loaf bread by her after dinner. Bettie planted with her ½ day. – – The servants among themselves tried right hard to get up a fuss, but failed. John Owens complained to Bill about it and I investigated the matter and found Charles had told Bettie a story. Said I told him that I didn’t want him to sit in the kitchen with the “Negros,” meaning herself and Mr. Owens, as she calls him. I disbursed their minds of the charge and plead “not guilty” and they were perfectly satisfied. Said they thought I could not have said such a word as that, as they had never heard me speak of them in that way. Bill rode to the C. H. this evening. No papers or letters, can’t tell what my correspondents are doing.

Thursday, 2nd May, 1867

A lovely day, but so cool this morning. I went in the garden first thing after dressing to see if there was not a skin of ice on the water I had put in there to water plants. Was pleased to find a heavy dew instead of frost, and no ice. Am in hopes the fruit is not injured. The strawberries are more promising than I ever had them. Have peas more than an inch long. Well they are planting corn today. Clarissa and John dropping and Uncle David and Tom covering with drags. Bettie scattered manure on the potato ground this morning and cleaned the hen house out after dinner. Turned out 42 chickens this morning, but had bad luck with the setting hens in the house, spoilt 75 eggs more or less.

Wednesday, 1st May, 1867

Raining again this morning, and no corn planted worth speaking of and no planting today. Clarissa came to plant but got her breakfast and left, too wet. – – Uncle David top dressed the clover lot in later this morning. Bill commenced taking “Osgood’s India Cholagogue” this morning. Had the potato ground manured by Uncle David after dinner. – – This has been another unpleasant day to me, everything seems to worry and annoy me. I suppose its owing to having new servants altogether, who know nothing of any of my old rules and want so much looking after to get them to do anything as I want it done. Charles and Ellen would wear the patience of Job out. They are both sprightly and full of glee and mirth, all the time singing, dancing, playing or something of the kind, which little accords with our feelings, poor downtrodden, subjugated “Poles,” weary, worn and sad, dragging heavily along, even those bright sunny days of Spring, tantalizing us as they come and go. I am often reminded of the Captive Jews when they sat by the rivers of Babylon and wept. They bring their harps upon the willows in the midst thereof.1

  1. Adapted from Psalm 137:2, KJV.  (back)

Tuesday, 30th April, 1867

Raining this morning, nice seasonable weather now. If the corn was in the ground it would be very well. I transplanted another row of Early York plants this morning. Bill remained in bed, to miss his chill till 12, then rose and went to Erin where the hands are making the cow pen to have a batch of fodder hauled. Vessels are coming by now plentifully, for the purpose of carrying off grain. Its bearing a good price at this time on acct. of the scarcity in Ireland. – – Had the cows out in the Erin field this evening and Bettie milked the first time, across the creek. – – Bill rode to the C. H. and returned to supper, no letters or papers.

Monday, 29th April, 1867

Found the rain still falling. Mr. Cooke left before breakfast, put a basket in his buggy for him to send for tomato plants when he sends for his, as I have no one who knows the way to Spring Pleasant. – – Uncle David sent Ellen, his little daughter, in this morning for her victuals and clothes. She is quite a sprightly little girl and learns her book very well, can read a little. I will instruct her, all spare time.1 Mr. Cooke sent George over with about 2 doz. tomato plants from Rose, which I transplanted late this evening. – – Bill has been having corn shelled. Went over to Erin with the oxcart this evening to make a pen for the cows, I believe, or to instruct them where to make it.2

  1. From the previous footnote about the Nelsons, Caroline is likely referring to Mary E. Nelson who would have been about 8. In the US Census three years later she is recorded as “attend school” along with older siblings Charles and Judith.  (back)
  2. Erin first appears in CJ7 on 11 July, 1865 when, “Bill and Hardie went to Erin for apples.” However, no reference to Erin outside Caroline’s journals has been found. But on 26 December, 1856 Caroline writes in CJ1 that “The boys all walk across the river & return again for Baker before breakfast, return again & take breakfast then take a long walk down the river to a vessel anchored at Erin & go on board.” This tells us that Erin is on the Mattaponi downriver from Woodbury. This entry, and the references tomorrow, suggest the Littlepages own Erin, and that it is, “across the creek.” One might conclude then that Erin is the 37 acres adjacent to Woodbury purchased by Lewis Littlepage in September 1853 from Robert Pollard that included Pollard’s Mill. This sale is mentioned in Rose’s Journal on 10 September of that year. Today this is likely the property to the west of Horse Landing Road. The origin of the name Erin remains a mystery.  (back)