Friday, 30 September, 1864

Very good morning, but before night we had some rain. Zac rode to “Enfield” and Mr. Warters rode his horse back and assisted Bill in fixing up his furnace brick in two boilers.1 Took dinner and returned soon and said he would go in the marsh with Zac if it didn’t rain. He started out through the rain after supper, and Bill to bed. Only killed 5 birds, the servants killed some four or five doz. I believe.2

  1. We do not know if this Mr. Warters is the miller, his son Rufus, about 22, or William S. Warters, member of the Home Guard. That Zac rode to neighboring Enfield makes be think the former. The closest mill to Enfield would have been the Walkerton Mill. Did Warters work there? It is interesting that neither Fleming nor Rufus appear on the KW Land Tax rolls but only on the Personal Property rolls. Census records also show Fleming had lived in the county at least 25 years. Enfield in 1863 was owned by the estate of the Rev. John Cooke of Hanover County. He had owned the property since the 1840s and may have rented it to Fleming Warters. Anyone who can add a piece to this puzzle, please join in.  (back)
  2. Another indication that “the servants” had access to guns, at least for hunting, and knew how to use them.  (back)

Thursday, 29 September, 1864

Quite a pretty day. Bill started Bartlett with two mules to the wagon to Mr. Houchings’ for the boilers and rollers. He returned about eleven and Zac assisted him in putting down the mill and machine levers. It operated very well. We only need the furnace now and we are ready to go to work making molasses. Parky and Bettie helped about stripping of the fodder today. Tom and Frank are carrying hen house manure in the garden for onions. Transplanted some cloves this evening. – – Zac’s complaining of feeling badly yesterday and today. Poor child, it makes me so sorry when I look at him and think he will have to go in regular service in Oct. if the war doesn’t end before that time, but I hope and trust that our heavenly Father will look upon our sufferings and afflictions and if it be consistent with his will, avert the evil designs of our enemies and bring peace and consolation of our afflicted hearts, or if he determines otherwise, he who tempers the winds to the shorn lamb, I trust will give us a spirit of endurance and patient resignation to his divine will and enable us to look beyond these present afflictions to that bright and glorious day when he shall come. – – Mailed a letter to Bake.

Wednesday, 28 September, 1864

A very fine day, some little rain during the day. Preserved grapes with molasses and made a little grape wine for a particular purpose.1 Bartlett returned from Richmond this morning, brought a brl. lime at $40 and a small oven @ $22 and 10 pounds sugar $9.50 per pound. Mary took one bag of the potatoes. – – Had a terrible accident to happen this morning. The cats, while we were at breakfast, jumped on the sideboard and knocked down the looking glass and shattered it to pieces. And with that, my bottle of ink just filled with best ink, and broke that in pieces and ruined the front chamber floor. The only punishment I gave them was to confine them to dry bread the balance of their lives. Gave Martha directions to that effect. – – It was such a piece of neglect on Bill not to tell Bartlett to bring the boilers and rollers, as he came with an empty wagon by the shop. – – Will have to send expressly for them in the morning. Ours is about the earliest cane in the neighborhood and we shall be the last, it appears, to make molasses. We are rather too tardy about things. – – Zac surprised us by making his appearance just as supper was ready. Got a furlough to come home to get more clothes. – – Bill returned about 5 o’clk. having been very successful in capturing deserters. Sent three to Richmond. – – Frederick ploughed the turnips in the garden and half square for onions. – – Commenced dying black, Pigeo’s muslin. – – Finished pulling the cloth in the hair, and Dellah commenced weaving this morning.2

  1. That “particular purpose” is probably to serve at communion at Zion.  (back)
  2. Anyone who can explain “Finished pulling the cloth in the hair” is invited to give us a comment.  (back)

Tuesday, 27 September, 1864

Bright and beautiful weather for any kind of work. Jim finished hauling the 1000 bricks yesterday from Mr. Spiller’s and brought the bricks old Mr. Lipscomb cleaned of the old chimney before his death, this morning.1 – – Dellah is washing her clothes. – – Martha, Bettie, Tom and Frank are gone after walnut leaves for dying. – – Frederick’s ploughing, Bartlett’s gone to Richmond. The rest of the hands, I believe, gabbing. Patsy is spinning some wool for Zac’s clothes. He had the misfortune to lose all of his clothes in “Essex” while he was on picket, the tent or room where his clothes were burnt down and he lost everything, so Mr. Hill informed Bill yesterday.2 I am so sorry. He had just been home on sick furlough and carried a supply for winter, and more than that they are so difficult to get. The government has never furnished the first thing to himself or Bill as yet in any way, though he has been loser by it ever since February, at which time he left school for the service. Rose tried an old woman’s remedy and cured her chills.

  1. This “old Mr Lipscomb” is probably the same “old Mr. Lipscomb” who’s funeral the family attended 24 July.  (back)
  2. Robert A. Hill, 47, was a member of the KW Home Guard. He may have been the bearer of the bad news. We met his son Augustine (Gus) Hill on 3 August. This may be the Mr. Robert Hill mentioned on 9 July. Robert’s brother was Col. William Hill mentioned in a footnote on 16 July.  (back)

Monday, 26 September, 1864

A most beautiful day. Bartlett started to Richmond in the wagon about 12, carried eight bushels potatoes (sweet), one hundred the finest I had ever seen, and one hundred herring. Sent two doz. to Mary, and some peaches, chinquapens, &c to Bake. Bill wrote to Moore and Turner and I wrote to Bake. Sent for brl. lime, an oven, curry comb, 10 lbs. brown sugar. – – Requesting him at the same time to rectify those bags of Mr. Wilson’s and ours, and collect the balance in his hands, and get new issue for it.1 – – 20 bushels oats.

  1. Caroline first wrote of a Mr. Wilson 11, July. The occasion was a trip by Bill and her brother William, (Uncle Billy) to Ayletts. She wrote: “Gave them a shock while Bake was copying a little piece of writing for her Uncle Bill, and I settled up our affairs from Richmond. Couldn’t collect his interest on bonds or coupons. – – Found he couldn’t get 6 pr. ct. bonds for the money in Mr. Turner’s hands. some 10 or 11,000$, also 1,000$ or more in the hands of Mr. Wilson.” Obviously the Littlepages and this Mr. Wilson had financial dealings. But it was unclear who Wilson was, or where he lived. Today Bartlett is in Richmond. He has taken a shopping list from Caroline to the merchants at Moore and Turner as well as a request to, “rectify those bags of Mr. Wilson’s and ours, and collect the balance in his hands, and get new issue for it. – – 20 bushels oats.” Caroline seems to always choose her words carefully. Rectify means to put something right. So it seems a mistake has been made (or a deception attempted) and she is seeking an adjustment. But we are no closer to identifying this Mr. Wilson.  (back)

Sunday, 25 September, 1864

A fine day. Carried Stuart up home as we went to church. He has been staying here ever since the 29th August, and has very much improved both in health and otherwise. Hope they will take good care of him and not spoil him. – – We called by Ju’s a short time on our way from church.

Saturday, 24 September, 1864

A blustery rainy day. The ploughs commenced work, but soon back to stop on account of the rain. – – Bought another doz. sora this morning at $10 pr. doz. Jim commenced hauling bricks from Mr. Spiller’s for the chimney. – – Let Martha go with Nan and Rose after Chinquapins this evening in honor of her birthday (Nan). She always celebrates it in that way. Had a piece of cloth sized this evening. – – Bettie Lipscomb came this evening for a pound of butter and one of lard for Mrs. Garrett, each $8 ½ per pound.1

  1. Bettie visited Woodbury on 21 July with Mrs. Crow.  (back)

Friday, 23 September, 1864

Another cloudy, rainy day. Seeded a bed of lettuce and radish seed in the garden by Dellah. – – The children have not been to school this week. They are too delicate for the inclement weather. Bill went up for the mail. – – Put a pair of yarn stockings for Martha to knit for me and a pair of socks for Zac. – – Warped 42 yds. cloth this evening to the same _?_. Nannie played a good deal tonight and I enjoyed the music very much. She is a darling little thing. – – I think Rose must have had a slight chill this evening, symptoms were very strong. Bill insisted on my going to see the pigs this evening. Nan and he went on ahead and after getting there, they were afraid I wouldn’t come, and sent for me. So I went and as usual, before reaching the pen, commenced fondling the sheep, but didn’t think of carrying them salt and after showing much affection on their part, could bear the disappointment no longer. The old big fellow in his chagrin, to avenge himself and family, took my apron in his mouth and tore it entirely off from the binding, though it was almost new. I was frightened almost out of my wits, and was afraid of everything afterwards. – – Commenced a letter to Pigeo tonight.

Thursday, 22 September, 1864

I awoke and arose an hour or two today this morning and found it raining very fast. Wrote in my journal for several days, before day. – – Mr. Norment sent for 6 ½ bushels more corn this morning, making 12 ½ bushels in all he has had, to be returned out of the growing crop, or its equivalent in money. The weather is showery. I am afraid I shall lose all of my peach leather and chips. It does seem that when I have anything out very nice drying there comes a bad spell. – – Warped 42 yds. coarse cloth this morning. One half of it’s Ju’s warp. Planted some choice peaches this week. Yellow softs and black at the back of the garden, and some large early softs and a few Bill had given to him in Richmond by the side of the paling to the right of the garden gate. – – Bill rode to Mr. Norment’s and from there to Mr. Brown’s to see and acquaint himself with the process of making molasses. – – Dellah planted radish seed in the turnip patch.

Wednesday, 21 September, 1864

Fine seasonable weather. Dellah’s assisting the rest in winding Ju’s cotton to get it ready to warp this evening. I am fixing pantelettes, gowns, so for Nan. Ju came in very unexpectedly, just as I had given the children snacks. Stuart’s the heartiest little fellow I ever saw. I soon had one prepared for him and he enjoyed it very much. Bill came about 3 o’clk. and as I was busy had dinner and supper all under one about ½ part over, and I took a walk with him when he left. Let Tom go and carry his butter and lard, 12 in all @ $8.50 pr.pound. Gave him $40 to give Mr. Slaughter, Agent for the County, to get 100 yds. cotton cloth and two bales no’s 10 & 12 cotton warp at government prices.1 – – Nannie’s reading “Alone” the 2nd time.2 She has taken the piece of new music sent Pigeo by Bill Monday, “Take me Home,” though she was so sick last Friday and had to go to Ju’s, she would go back and spell in the evening for fear of losing her place which was hard. – – Bill went to see Mr. Ware about running the chimney.3 He promised to come in a week or two.

  1. Probably P. H. Slaughter.  (back)
  2. Alone was the first novel (1854) by Virginian Mary Virginia [Hawes] Terhune, who wrote as Marion Harland.  (back)
  3. While Ware is a common surname in the region, the only Ware family in the KW 1860 U.S. Census is that of William Ware, 50 that year. Conveniently for us, his occupation is listed as bricklayer. According to the Gilmer Map, the Wares lived on the road running south from Acquinton Church towards the Pamunkey, were today Jack’s Creek Road (629) and Mt Olive Cohoke Road (632) meet.  (back)

Tuesday, 20th September, 1864

Seasonable weather. Commenced the quinine with Rose before day as her chills come before breakfast. It succeeded very well. – – I went down and fixed up some butter and lard for Ju, 7 lbs. butter and 5 lbs. lard. He will get it in a day or two. – – Measured and out off the skirt of one of Nan’s linsy dresses. Will give Stuart two also. – – I am drying a pretty parcel of peaches now. – – Bill had the turnips ploughed this morning. Went up for the mail, no paper. Brought me a letter from Pigeo. She’s home sick all ready. Nannie Lewis is still very sick, they sit up with her every night. – – Permitted Nan and Rose to go to the table today. – – Jim brought flour and mail from Mr. Robins’ Mill, it was carried last week. – – Had the little room cleaned up and cradle brought down and rockers taken off for Stuart. The dearest little heart in the world, but as bad as he can be. Nan and Rose are well enough to get the large doll out to play with and dress this evening. They’ve not played with it for a long time. It seems to give them new life. They have something to do though to take care of Stuart. The poor kittens stand no chance. – – We are all winding on Ju’s cotton, getting it ready to put with mine for the loom, but it’s badly spun. – – Martha’s getting sweet potatoes for market. Want to send over some 15 or 20 bushels if I can this week. They are very fine. – – Finished pulling fodder yesterday and commenced stacking.

Monday, 19 September, 1864

A fine day. Commenced the quinine with Nan and gave it till 12 o’clk. She missed her chill. Tomorrow is Rose’s chill day. They are both right much wasted. Had the lounge set in the front chamber for Rose and Nannie in my bed. – – Rose was well enough to write to her Mother this evening, but she inked a nice pillow case and bed tick. Threw the ink on the floor, and I promised her she should never write in bed again. – – Dellah got the linsy out of the loom today. – – Bill came from Richmond about 1 o’clk. while I was having something for the children to eat. Brought me a letter from Bake containing one from Hardie dated 4th August. He is now on a visit to Paris from Amiens. Some of his friends will leave there for the Confederate States on the 6th, and he wishes to send a letter he could do the same if he would apply for orders, but he prefers remaining longer. Expects to be at home though before very long, but doesn’t know whether he has a home or not. Has not received a letter from home for a long time. Poor fellow! He is low spirited. I trust the Lord will direct and guide him in the right way.1 – – Had peaches prepared for peach leather and chips, very nice. – – Sent a letter to Mr. Garrett to mail for Bake. 4 pages.

  1. This is the first we have heard from Hardie since Caroline began writing in this volume of her journal.  (back)

Sunday, 18 September, 1864

Quite a pretty day. Had to remain home on account of the sick ones, Nan and Rose. Sent the basket with contents to Church by Martha. She returned to dinner, brought me a recipe for making cheese sent by Annie Edwards, and as soon as I can have a calf killed to procure the rennet, I want to make some.1 – – The children are both quite sick nearly all day, and little Stuart is all the company I have. I am expecting Bill all day, but he doesn’t come. Gave them both quinine, but Rose had a chill and Nan a high fever. – – Had some delightful apple dumplings for dinner and no one but Stuart and I to sit at table.

  1. We have several possible Annies. The first would be Anna Dunbar Edwards, 1802-1865, daughter of James Edwards and Mary Dunbar Dickey, probably at this point the widow of Smith Puryear. The other would be the widow of George Terry, the former Anna Edwards, the daughter of Ambrose Edwards (Jr.) and Jeanette Dickey Edwards. Either Annie could have been living nearby in 1864. But would Caroline have referred to either by their maiden names? Next we have Miss Ann Maria Edwards, daughter of William Austin Edwards, who we met 1 July. However she was about 19, unmarried without a household of her own. She would be an unlikely candidate for sharing cheese recipes. Finally we have Mrs. Ann [Corr] Edwards, wife of Dr. Ju’s next-door neighbor Kleber Edwards. We met her 29 August. Here we have our most likely Annie.  (back)

Saturday 17, September, 1864

The weather is fine and seasonable. Had a few more peaches peeled this morning. – – Gave Nan and Rose tartar emetic. Nan had another chill today. Rose did not. Stuart has been very good today and is a heap of company for me. I am thinking so much of the absent ones, dear children, all are away but one. How scattered my thoughts are when I think of them, some in one place and some in another. – – Gave both the children Calomel and Jalap tonight. It acted well in both cases. Tucked Rose’s Va. Cloth dress this morning.

Friday, 16 September, 1864

Quite a pretty day. Pigeo has tried herself till nearly 12 o’clk getting ready to start to school. I accompanied her in the carriage as far as Hill’s and sent Washington on with instructions to have the washers fixed on the carriage at Mr. Houchings’ shop, which he did, and detained me till sunset before he returned with the carriage.1 I became very uneasy about him. I shall miss Pigeo a good deal. Left Stuart to stay with Mag till I return. Stopped a while at the store with the intention of buying some tea, but there were so many gentlemen at the mail I declined doing so.2 Ju informed me that Nan and Rose were both at his house with chills. I called by for them and Stuart. Brought a soldier as far as his gate, who was very much fatigued. He had been sick and was on his way home from “Winchester.” His name was “Williams.” Ju had 16 pounds coarse cotton and paid to have some cloth with a piece of mine. Pigeo found Dr. Lewis fairly convalescent. I found Mary King in bed looking very badly. – – Dellah and Martha peeled peaches today. Bettie is still about the fodder. – – Bill took a prisoner to Richmond this evening. – – Jim carried 10 bushels corn and 6 bushels wheat to Robin’s Mill.3

  1. If you remember, the Houchings lived close to Auburn, the home of Dr. Lewis and his school.  (back)
  2. The store at the courthouse was also the Post Office.  (back)
  3. Robins’ Mill was located across the county near the mouth of Necatawance Creek on the Pamunkey River. The contemporary Gilmer map shows it near Winchester, the home of John A. Robins.  (back)

Thursday, 15 September, 1864

A very pretty morning, but I am feeling sad. The children are making preparation to leave again, Zac to camp and Pigeo to school. Sickness on her part has prevented her from going sooner, as well as Dr. Lewis’ having a very sick family. Miss Fletcher and Miss Hattie Lewis told Pigeo last Sunday that if she came she would have to wait on herself.1 They scarcely had any one to cook, so many were sick. – – Bill had Duroc brought up to send the Col. to Tappahannock on his way to Maryland. It was certainly a thoughtless thing in Bill to offer to do so. Pigeo is prevented from going to school and I from spending the day with Rose, as I intended. Washington was gone the whole day till in the night, as busy as we are (though the horse has scarcely had a day’s rest since we commenced fallowing). Sent a box with some eatables and a bucket of butter and lard as far as Millers’ for Zac. He started soon after. Poor child, if it was the Lord’s will and he was prepared to go, I would much prefer to follow him to his grave. O this day has been so sad to me, would that I could commune with the deer departed dead. I want something to soothe my feelings and calm my troubled mind. Pigeo and I are alone today, excepting dear little Stuart (who is as sweet as he can be) to break the monotony. Jimmie left when Zac did. He carried a pair of pants besides the suit he had on, a pair of drawers, a flannel shirt, pair of socks, two shirts, three collars, &c. Gave him $10 besides what he had. I think it’s a disadvantage to give much money. Reminded him of his Bible when he started. Pigeo got it for him. Gave him a yarn counterpane. I trust the Lord will guide him. O it is so heartbreaking to see the youths, instead of entering College, preparing for a bloody war. Went in the kitchen and had some lard clarified. – – Loaned or sold Mr. Norment 6 bushels corn.

  1. We learned on 15 July that Miss Fletcher was the teacher at Dr. Lewis’ school. Was Miss Hattie Lewis a teacher also? She was a Lewis, but what relation was she to Dr. Lewis?  (back)

Wednesday, 14 September, 1864

Still Cool. Bought a doz. sora from Jim this morning for $10.1 Bill returned from Richmond this morning about 10 o’clk. Failed to get the boilers he had engaged. Bought three more barrels @ $30 each and a plough for $75. – – Sold my butter for $8 ½ pr. pound, and corn for $50 pr. bushel. The oats he left to be sold by Moore and Turner. – – Received letters from Mary for Rose and myself. – – Pigeo finished her skirt today. Ju came this evening. Loaned him 50 grains quinine. – – Col. McLaughlin came to spend the night. – – Nannie went to school today. – – Parky ironed. Mr. Garrett thought Rose had a chill today.2 – – Jimmie Spiller came with the Col. The gentlemen took supper. Mr. Warters, a member of the guard, came to see Bill.3 – – Parky ironed today, has recovered from her attack. Phillip is still having chills.

  1. Another example of a slave earning extra money.  (back)
  2. As Mr. Camm Garrett was a teacher at Rumford, Rose must have been attending school there.  (back)
  3. Buried in a footnote on 12 July is the likely candidate for this Mr. Warters. W. S. Warters appears often the Lieut. Haws’ conscription book mentioned before. He also appears in the 1860 US Census, but as W. S. Waters. In the conscript book Warters is 42, a farmer. I have not been able to find him after the war.  (back)

Tuesday, 13 September, 1864

The weather remarkably cool for the season, and as showery as April. Nannie has been suffering with toothache for the last three days, missed two days from school. Rose came this evening. Sent Martha up for her. Sent the wool I borrowed from Ju last year, 9 ½ pounds. I returned 10 pounds. I am cutting out and making Zac some colored collars and bosoms.  – – Nan, Pigeo and Zac cut some very pretty watermelon rind for green sweet-meals upstairs while he was keeping to his room to miss chills. – – Patsy washed.

Monday, 12 September, 1864

Quite cool today. Zac took quinine and stopped his chills. – – I am busy about so many things I do nothing.1 Cut off the silk of an alpaca dress for Pigeo. – – Nan’s suffering very much from toothache. Rose went to school without her. Frank carried her basket. She staid at the Tavern tonight without my leave. – – Bill went to Mr. Brown to see about the roller for the cane mill.2 Returned and got ready in a few minutes to go to Richmond. Had some oats measured and carried 14 bushels and 15 bushels corn. I fixed up three jars butter. I suppose 89 lbs 4, 3, & 2 gallons. – – Bartlett drove the wagon. – – Gave Bill coupons amounting to $574 to collect. – – I was uneasy about Rose and sent Scott and Addison to Ju’s to know whether she staid there. Parky and Buck are better. Phillip had a chill. – – Stuart’s been as bad as he could well be today. I had to tie him, but withall, the sweetest and most sensible little fellow I ever saw. – – Bill has a beautiful night for travelling. Cool and as light as day. – – I am sorry I did not know of his intention of going sooner, so that I could have sent some things to Bake and have written by him.

  1. Perhaps Caroline would be pleased to learn things haven’t changed all that much.  (back)
  2. Probably Mr. Archie Brown who we met on 8 July.  (back)

Sunday, 11 September, 1864

A beautiful morning. Gave Zac tartar emetic this morning, was in hopes he would be well enough to go to church and take quinine there and stop his chills, and though I waited quite late, he was not well enough to go. Left him quinine to take, and Nan, who was indisposed from toothache, remained with him. But he had his chill, gave him Calomel and Jalap tonight. – – Pigeo, Rose and I attended Zion, carried Stuart and Dellah to mind him. He behaved beautifully. We came by Ju’s and took dinner, wanted Mag to see the child. Ju had gone to Hill’s to see Mary, who is sick. Fine rain this evening. – – We were invited to Larkin’s to dinner with several other families. Cousin Lem’s among the rest. Bill went to Colosse and dined at Mr. Lewis.1

  1. Colosse Baptist Church, former known as Lower College Baptist, is on the main road south of the Courthouse.  (back)

Saturday, 10 September, 1864

Fine growing weather, but not for drying fruit. Zac had another chill. Gave all the sick ones last night. – – Patsy washed out a few things for Pigeo and Zac this morning, as they expect to leave Monday or Tuesday, one to school and the other to camp. Ju spent the evening, was delighted to see Stuart. The children played some for him. Walked with us by the potato patch where Martha was getting potatoes. They were very fine. I bargained for some seed wheat with Ju, red wheat, paid Gilbert for culling wheat for himself and a bander $37. Sold Mr. Garrett 200 bundles fodder.

Friday 9 September, 1864

Parky, Buck and Phillip are sick.1 – – The colonel made a proposition to me this morning respecting school. I told him I would consider about it. The morning was too unlikely for the children to go to school, but about 10 o’clk.2 I had Shakespeare saddled for Nan to ride, as she was so much afraid of losing her place in her classes. – – The Col. left at eleven. Jimmie remains with Zac. I think Zac had a chill today. Bill brought the mail, no letter.

  1. Phillip joins our list of Littlepage slaves.  (back)
  2. The word “likely” has changed usage since Caroline’s day. It had nothing to do with probability, more “like-able” or “unlike-able.”  (back)

Thursday, 8 September, 1864

Fine weather. Bill is most all the time gone. Col. McLaughlin and Jimmie Spiller came this evening to spend the night.1 Pigeo and Nan played a good deal and accompanied them on his flute, and Stuart danced sweeter than anything I ever saw. – – Having peaches peeled, but I am afraid I shall lose good many of them on account of the wet weather.

  1. The Col., and perhaps his son as well, seem to be living with the Spillers.  (back)

Tuesday, 6 September, 1864

Fine weather. Bill and Zac rode to the C.H. Bill soon returned for the money to purchase county bonds amounting to $10,000. They both returned to dinner. Cornelius Slaughter came to shoot sora, both went with him.1 Good many guns were fired and I certainly expected a sora, but was disappointed. – – Cut out a colored shirt for Zac and Dellah and myself, nearly finished it. – – Bill left with C. Slaughter before supper and returned at bedtime.

  1. Cornelius was the son of P. H. Slaughter of Airville. He was about 14, a year older than his sister Puss who visited last week. Airville was down the county, near Sweet Hall. However, with military activity in and around West Point and the lower Pamunkey, the Slaughters may have been living closer to KW Courthouse for the time being.  (back)

Monday 5, September, 1864

Quite a pleasant day. Ju left when Rose started to school. Walked with her. Notwithstanding, I earnestly entreated him to remain till he was better, though he said he felt greatly improved. Bill left when Ju did to go to several places. Returned after we had dined. – – Zac came on a furlough of five days. Has had several chills. Poor children! How they are scattered to the four winds, no two scarcely in one place. – – Bill took a snack with him about twilight to go somewhere looking for deserters. Don’t know when he will be back. Had a few peaches peeled today. The kitchen came very near being burnt down last night through Dellah’s carelessness.1 – – Had several clouds and a good deal of rain tonight. – – Had tomatoes prepared to dry.

  1. Woodbury, as did most substantial homes of the time, had a separate building used as the kitchen. It may be shown next to the residence on the 1872 plat, but it is not labeled as such.  (back)

Sunday, 4 September, 1864

Rather an inclement morning. Bill returned from Richmond about ten, and Bartlett with the wagon. They certainly made a quick trip. Brought a barrel of lime and three molasses barrels $ $.50 a piece. Bought 2 lbs. soda @ $5 pr. pound, laudanum, spt’s nitre, &c. – – Both the corn, 33 bushels @ $50 pr. bushel, was sold by Turner and Moore.1 – He collected the money they sold corn for some time ago. – – $10500. – -Mary sent the things she and Bake purchased for the children, two calico dresses, Nan @ $9 per yard, and an alpaca dress for Pigeo @ $1.50 pr yd, paper, ink, liner, body, &c for Rose. Received a letter from Bake. She says she is not coming home till I go over in my carriage for her. Wouldn’t be surprised if she stays till Xmas. – – Made it late starting to Church on account of Bill’s getting home at the time he did. He took breakfast at Ju’s, who is quite sick. Received a message from him requesting me to come up and see him today. I accordingly called by and promised to return to dinner from church. Carried Stuart, found Mrs. Slaughter there. – – Took Mrs. Robins up to her gate on her way from Church. She spent the evening. We insisted on Ju’s coming with us home in the carriage to spend the night, being sick and so much anxiety of mind operates very much against him. After a long time he consented to come and rallied right much during the night, poor child! I had little thought to see him cut down in this way. I trust to see him have more fortitude and resignation, when he shall have passed through this slough of despair. Had an early supper after lying on the lounge in the front chamber sometime, went up in Bake’s room to sleep. – – Ma Ann sent me a letter from Emily to read.2 – – Parky taken with a chill today.

  1. Moore & Turner were commission merchants doing business on Franklin Street between 14th and 15, “near the Old Market.” A state office building, or the parking garage across the street, next to I-95 sits there now.  (back)
  2. Ma Ann is surely Martha Ann [Hillard] Littlepage, widow of Edmond Littlepage, Caroline’s late husband’s wife. She lived at Retreat on the old Littlepage Aspen Grove/Cool Spring lands where her husband was born. Emily may have been Emily (Lipscomb) Littlepage, wife of Martha Ann’s son Hardin Benskin Littlepage. These Hardin Littlepages lived in Montgomery, Alabama.  (back)

Saturday, 3 September, 1864

A very good day for travelling, or anything else. The hands finished weeding the turnips today. I finished Nan’s Va. Cloth skirt for her to wear to Church tomorrow. Pigeo’s about her dress. – – Rose and Stuart have certainly tried my patience today. – – Pigeo and Nan made some very nice molasses of watermelons today.1 – – Patsy and Parky are still out. I’ve had very little spinning done this Fall. – – Had sage picked today by Frank. Dellah does very little at weaving. – – Rose wrote to her Mother. Her first letter.

  1. Molasses of Watermelons!?  (back)