Wednesday, 30 November, 1864

The loveliest weather I ever saw. Too warm to kill pork, I am afraid. The same two Government wagons came for the balance of tithe corn. I delivered 10 barrels more, which I think is one-tenth of what we make, making 20 barrels in all, and took his receipt for the same, though he said Mr. Coalter had reported that his receipt was of no value, and so he stopped at the C.H., where Mr. Leigh, the tithe agent, was receiving tithe, and got a certificate of him.1 – – Bartlett started out by this morning for Richmond, drawn by two mules, and led Shakespeare for Hardie to ride. Told him to borrow Ju’s saddle. – – I should have taken a ride this evening to where someone is cutting wood on our premises. It has been named to me by some half-dozen, and we have never looked into it. I am very much surprised that neighbors should do such things. The wind blowing so hard prevented my going. Bill returned to supper. Postponed killing hogs on account of its being so warm. He had slept but little while away and retired early.

  1. Mr. Coalter is certainly the same St. George Coalter who was performing the same function 17 October. Mr. Leigh appears only once. There was a William J. Leigh who appears in the 1863 KW Personal Property tax rolls in KW’s Lower Parish. He was also a private in the local Company H, 9th Virginia Cavalry. But in November he seems to have been a prisoner at Point Lookout, Maryland, his second capture. William would not be paroled until after the war. There was also a John R. Leigh in the 1860 KW U.S. Census. Forty-Five in his service records in 1861 he nonetheless enlisted. He was discharged in early 1862. Oddly he seems to be 6 years younger in the 1860 U.S. Census. He appears in Lieut. Haw’s conscript ledger in spring 1864 as 47, cleared for full duty in the Reserves. Finally we have George C. Leigh, about 29 in 1864. A merchant in the 1860 U.S. Census, and a Justice of the Peace during the war, he would be appointed postmaster at Ayletts in 1865. But among his numerous quartermaster-related Confederate service papers is a pay invoice for his services as “county agent” in 1864. Now we have our tithe agent.  (back)

Tuesday, 29 November, 1864

A fine morning. Sent Tom to Hill’s for Mrs. Neale’s satchel sent there by mistake.1 Borrowed, by promise, her sausage mill. The boy came by for the mail and brought 1 doz. letters for Bake, Pigeo, Rose, Bill and myself. Among them one from Hardie, who arrived in Richmond Monday, requesting me to send over for his baggage and for himself. O, I am so thankful to that providence which has preserved him through so many perils. Not having a good tumbrel, I sent Tom on Shakespeare to borrow Ju’s, but he was unsuccessful. I then sent Washington to borrow Harden’s. He soon returned and told me I could get it. I gave directions to Bartlett to have him team well attended to and make an early start to Harden’s in the morning and go on from there. Bake wrote to Mary by him. Requested Hardie to collect the 1044$ in Mr. Wilson’s hands of mine.2

  1. This is the only reference to a Mrs. Neale in the journal. However in 1863 there are only two Neale families listed in the tax rolls in Lower King William Parish, Robert Neale living at Drewry Lane, and Sarah G. Neale. Robert Neale’s wife was the former Mary Ellen Smith of the Smith’s Ferry Smiths. Sarah G. Neale was the widow of James Peyton Neale and the mother of J. Stanley Neale, a frequent visitor at Woodbury and at Zion Church. As Robert Neale and his wife attended Colosse Baptist, I’m leaning to the satchel belonging to Sarah G.  (back)
  2. We last heard of Mr. Wilson and the ~1,000$ on 26 September. Obviously the debt is still outstanding. Now that Hardie is back and in Richmond. Caroline will try again to collect. This time she describes her money as being in Mr. Wilson’s hands.  (back)

Monday, 28 November, 1864

A pretty morning. I arose quite early, wrote in my journal. I wrote a letter to Pigeo and one to Liv. Also wrote to Col. Robt. Ould, Commissioner of Exchange to forward Liv’s letter by the T&T Flag of Truce boat to Point Lookout, and sent the letters by Tom when he carried the horse up for Bake early this morning.1 Also enclosed Zac’s letter to Pigeo in mine. – – Cut out 16 yds. double cloth out of the loom this morning for Patsy to wash and boil for the boys’ drawers. – – Had the turnips taken up in front of the house and carried to the barn for the bees, soon after Bake came. Mr. James King came to bring orders from Lieut. Haw to Bill to prepare rations for several days and meet with as many of his guard as he can notify at Brandywine at nine o’clk. this evening.2 I am very sorry, as we intended killing 19 hogs commencing 12 tonight. So, Bill thinks it best to defer it till he returns. Bake and I are feeling a little indisposed tonight. I walked to the barn about sunset and saw Bill start on a mule. Had the barn door locked and left the corn house open for the shuck corn to be thrown in. – – I am notified to deliver the tithe of wheat to the Government tomorrow.

  1. A Flag of Truce boat safely conveyed exchanged prisoners and documents – including letters – between hostile forces. I do not know the significance of the T & T.  (back)
  2. Although not appearing as such on the Gilmer map, the community known as Brandywine appeared on several pre-civil war maps of King William. It was located near the present community of Manquin. On the Gilmer map it is noted by the Drewry family residence on the road between the New Castle Ferry and Ayletts.  (back)

Sunday, 27 November, 1864

Quite an inclement day, rained a little when we started to Church. Bill walked out somewhere till we returned to dinner. Bake remained at Ju’s when we all came by to see how the little baby comes on.1 He grows and fattens very much. – – Cousin Lem was very interesting today. His subject was “Baptism,” one of the Keys to the Kingdom of Heaven. His 3rd discourse, I believe, on the Keys of the Kingdom next Sunday. His subject will be a “Holy Life.”

  1. It was easy to miss, but Ju and Mag had a son born 28 August, 1864. Unfortunately the KW Register of Births and Deaths for 1863 through 1869 either were not kept, or have been lost. Unless Caroline mentions the child again we may never learn his name or fate. He does not appear in the 1870 Census.  (back)

Saturday, 26 November, 1864

Another very pretty day. Fendall and Bill were hunting partridges and looking for ducks most all the time till dinner was ready. Had a nice little pig for dinner. Patsy cooked, came out and got breakfast. – – Dellah finished the double cloth for the boys’ drawers and commenced the striped for the women’s dresses. Bettie filled up the quills. – – Fendall and Alice left about 4 o’clk. Bake accompanied them on Shakespeare as far as Ju’s. Sent Tom through to come back with her. Sent cakes to Stuart. Gave Alice some for Baylor, and Bake sent Cousin Betsy some, knowing how fond she is of ginger cakes.1 – – We retired earlier than usual tonight. – – Put away cabbage this evening.

  1. Baylor was Owen Baylor Hill, Jr., about 4. Betsey was Elizabeth Southerland [Littlepage] Gregory, almost 70, mother of Fendall the Lawyer, and wife of Dr. Fendall Gregory, of Piping Tree.  (back)

Friday, 25 November, 1864

A lovely day, though quite cold. Bake went aloft this morning and Martha and herself brought down some of the things we had secured against the Yankees. O, the troublesome “Invaders.” Martha washed over my Chamber floor this morning. Nan and Rose went to school yesterday and today, the only days this week, on account of the weather. Camm broke up this evening and they brought their books home. – – Alice Hill and Fendall Gregory rode down on horseback to spend the day. Remained all night.1 Two Government wagons came for the corn. Bill had gone ducking. Had the horn blown for him, but he did not come, so I requested Cousin Fendall to attend to the delivery of it for me. He very readily offered his services, so I left Alice and went to the barn to have the measure gotten out and sent for him as soon as they were ready to receive it. About that time, Bill made his appearance. Bake came down after some time. Delivered ten barrels and one basket to Mr. Green, a foraging agent for Kirland’s Brigade near Drury’s Bluff.2 I think we will have very nearly the same quantity more to deliver, as nearly as I can guess. We have gathered about one-half. – – Mr. Green took dinner after giving a receipt and starting the wagons off. He is a N. Carolinian from near Raleigh. – – Fendall and Alice enjoy my grape wine very much and praise it a good deal. Sat up quite late tonight, most of the time in my Chamber. – – Bake had a beautiful “kaleidoscope.” They had never seen one before. Were much pleased with it. – – Patsy still complaining. Dellah cooked dinner and supper. – – Nan brought the mail, two papers and two letter from Zac, one to Bake and the other to Pigeo. He is very well and at the same place from which he wrote last. Came near Stony Creek, Dinwiddle County, Va.3 It’s thought they will be disbanded this winter and sent home to recruit. – – Bake, Alice and Fendall took a long walk this evening. I was having some ginger cakes baked in a reflector, gave them some hot ones when they started.

  1. Lawyer Fendall Gregory was the son of Dr. Fendell Gregory of Piping Tree, Caroline’s first cousin, once removed. Alice [Turner] Hill was the widow of Dr. Owen Baylor Hill of Richmond and the older sister of Logan Turner. She and Fendell will marry in a little over a year.  (back)
  2. Kirkland’s Brigade of North Carolinians was by this time led by General William McRae. What was later described as the Pettigrew-Kirkland-MacRae Brigade, which had fought and suffered extensively by the fall of 1864, would be involved in the defense of Petersburg until April.  (back)
  3. Stony Creek south of Petersburg runs southeast into the Nottoway River.  (back)

Thursday, 24 November, 1864

A bright day, but very cold. Patsy’s complaining. I walked up to see her, but found she had nothing to complain of. Met with Bill at the barn and went with him to look at the stable of horses and mules to see how he had fixed the stalls up, then to look at the two beefs he had put up to fatten. The servants were getting their breakfast. Uncle Bartlett asked me to give him some sole leather for Dellah’s shoes. I gave it to him.1 Told the servants I would give them a nice Xmas present if either one would find out anything about my bee hive stolen within the last few days, as full as it could be with honey. – – I have my opinion about it, but have not expressed it. – – Cut out my alpaca dress today. Bake has been finishing off some things for Rose, such as pantalettes, gowns, a cloak, &c, &c, &c.

  1. That Uncle Bartlett made a request on behalf of Dellah would suggest a family relationship.  (back)

Wednesday, 23, November, 1864

A bright and beautiful morning and as cold as Dec. We are having hickory wood on account of getting ashes for the horses. They are not as fat as they ought to be. All look badly, particularly George, and he has a very sore back since Bill rode him last Friday and Saturday. No school again today for the children.

Tuesday, 22 November, 1864

Still raining and propitious of another day like yesterday.1 Hill sent the buggy for Mary and Annie after breakfast. Came on to snow soon after they started. Sent Bettie to Ju’s for some potatoes he promised to give Bake’s bird. Mag sent some fresh meat by her also and a little of ink to Bake. – – Martha got dinner and supper all under one today. – – Bill went for the mail. No paper, a letter from Mary to Bake informing her of the death of Allie Power from “Dyptheria”, a sweet interesting little girl of twelve years old. The third death in the family at “Edgewood” within the last ten days from the same cause. – – Mary’s very uneasy on account of her children. Mollie McKinney has symptoms of it, who is boarding with her.2 Rose is very much affected at the recent death of her two little cousins, Hallie Chamberlain and Allie Power.3 – – Finding there is no possible chance of getting a chimney run, Bill has consented to sleep in the passage and give Bake back her room he occupied while she was with Mary.4 She accordingly went about removing the furniture I had taken out in the summer. – – Quite a snow tonight, the most of any account we have had this fall.

  1. Propitious was transcribed as prossitious, which it certainly looked like in the original text.  (back)
  2. Lucia Frances (Fanny) Power, sister of Dr. Fredrick William Power, married Henry F. McKenney in 1848. They had a daughter, Mary E.B. McKenney. Henry was a school teacher and in 1850 the Census shows his wife’s younger sister Laura B. Power, 16, living with the McKenneys in James City County. Four years later Henry is dead. I think our Molly McKenney is teenager Mary E.B. and is living in 1864 at Edgewood with her uncle Dr. Power, who in turn is living with his wife’s father, Garland Hanes, Sr.  (back)
  3. The 1864 Henrico Death Register records Henrietta Chamberlayne’s death on 17 November. The daughter of F. W. and Virginia Chamberlayne, Hallie was 1 year and 2 months old. Her mother was probably Virginia Hanes, the daughter of Garland Hanes, Sr. Then 13, Virginia first appears by name in the 1850 US Census in Garland Sr.’s household. The 1860 US Census shows the Chamblerlayne’s living with Garland Hanes, Sr. at Edgewood. Emiline (Allie) Power also appears on that 1864 Register. The “sweet interesting little girl of twelve years” was the daughter of Dr. Fredrick and Caroline [Hanes] Power, she was listed in the Register as 11. The two girls died the same day. The following day another of the Power children died, a boy, Percy. He had just turned one. No wonder little Rose, 8, was “very much affected.”  (back)
  4. “Run” in this case is a verb. A course of bricks is often described as a run of bricks. To lay bricks, whether a wall or chimney, is to “run” them. To “run up a wall” is to build it. We also now use this term to describe a unit of manufacturing production, as in a “run” of widgets. This is also where we get a “dry run.” These are stones or bricks laid without mortar, often to make sure a pattern or layout works. Then they are run with mortar. Sometimes stones are dry fitted together. Many agricultural fields were divided by dry walls with carefully selected stoned fitted together. I saw some amazing such stonework in Ireland. They were not just piles of rocks; takes skill. The phrase “dry run” is commonly used in so other many contexts that we have lost the origin. We have been laying stone and brick a long, long time.  (back)

Monday, 21 November, 1864

Another just such a morning as yesterday. No prospect for the girls to get away today unless they are sent for. They seem very well contented and I am pleased to see it, since it cannot be prevented. It has rained incessantly all day. Bill took Bartlett and had some stalls fixed in the stable for the horses. They’ve been standing out all the while. – – Dellah gets on tolerably well weaving. Bettie’s pretending to stitch up the pants for the servants, Bartlett’s sons, Frederick and Jim.1 Nan employs her time reading. Rose is completely tied to Miss Annie, perfectly devoted to her, has been mending her shoe for her. – – The girls and Bill proposed to have a molasses stew tonight. I acceded to it and had some walnuts picked out for it. – – Bake acted the young gentleman again tonight and wound up with a kaleidoscope, and retired at 2 o’clk. Sent Hill 82½ $ by Mary for one gallon brandy.

  1. Here we have the first obvious family relationship among Woodbury’s slaves.  (back)

Sunday, 20 November, 1864

Another close, rainy day. Too much so to attend church. Will left after breakfast. Gave him a bottle of wine and sent a dozen ginger cakes to the children. Bill has spent the best part of the day asleep. All the rest seem to have enjoyed the day very much within doors. The Col. reminded us of its being the anniversary of a pleasant time he spent here in 65.1 – – He left after writing a piece in Bake’s album about 4 or 5 o’clk. We all retired earlier tonight having been up quite late previous nights. Two soldiers from Richmond on their way to Stevensville crossed here.2 Frederick carried them across the river.

  1. As 1865 had not arrived, Caroline must have meant a different year. The “6” is very clear, and the “5”, well it looks like a 5 more than any other number. However I have found other examples by her hand of an obvious 3 looking like this number. Let’s call it 63.  (back)
  2. Once a busy rural crossroad community, Stevensville is located on highway 14 (The Trail) in King & Queen County, 4.6 air miles from Woodbury.  (back)

Saturday, 19 November, 1864

A close, rainy day. The girls confined themselves pretty much to the parlor playing and singing. Ju and the Col. came about 10 or 11 and spent the day. The former left about sunset. I think we have the most delightful music tonight by the Col., Bake and Nan I ever listened to. He played unusually well on his flute. – – The children were very much in the humor for playing. – – Gave Parky the day. Patsy cooked. Bill and his Uncle Billy arrived from Richmond at 1 o’clk. tonight through the rain.

Friday, 18 November, 1864

The weather still fine. The children went to school today, the 1st day Nan has been since her tooth commenced to ache some 8 or 10 days ago. – – Finished doubling the black and white yarn for the boy’s clothes. – – I laid down before sunset yesterday evening, feeling quite much indisposed. None of us took supper, but about 1 o’clk. I enjoyed a cup of coffee having a right bad headache. – – After reading, retired for the rest of the night and slept very well. I feel much better this morning. Bill came after breakfast, left his Guard with 16 prisoners at the fork road, till he came by and had a snack prepared to carry to Richmond and took breakfast. Gave some directions at the barn. Had a wild duck broiled, beef, bacon, &c. He started about 10. His Uncle Billy was with the Guard and some ½ doz. others in charge. – – Bake walked to meet Mary and Annie Edwards this evening. They made arrangements when Rose and her were here together to visit each other alternately every Friday evening and spend a night or two. They have kept their promise so far. – – Nan and Rose brought papers and a letter from Zac this evening. I was delighted to see it and find that he had joined his Company, 9th F Cavalry Co. “Chambliss Brigade.” – – Came on to rain this evening so that the cal. and some others were prevented coming. – – Received a note from Ju by Nan requesting me to send him a dining room servant tonight as he intends having some company and lacks one. I sent Bettie. Bake has certainly tired herself tonight in acting the part of a nice young man, more completely deceived Mary King, and at last drew up her chair near her and frightened her almost out of her wits. – – They have certainly had their own fun tonight.

Thursday, 17 November, 1864

We are having fine weather for gathering in corn. Make some 7, 8 or 9 loads a day. Bill started with his Guard this morning to get up the free Negro population for the service, between the ages of 18 and 50. It will surprise all a good deal I reckon, but such are the necessities of war. – – Bill did not return tonight. – – Bake, Nan, Rose and I sleep in the back chamber. We wish every day for the man to come to run the chimney, we want those two rooms so much. Bake and Nan cut turnips for yellow pickles.

Wednesday, 16 November, 1864

The weather rather warmer. Salted my beef today. I had the tallow tied up in the chamber. – – Finished the top shack and form pen today. Commenced about them Monday. Hauled corn today. Sent Martha and Bettie to shuck corn. Made cabbage pickle _?_ and prepared vinegar for yellow pickles.1 – – Bill killed 3 ducks this evening, had them plucked at dark. Don’t think he was gone more than ½ an hour.

  1. Please click on the _?_ and see if you can make out this word. Thanks!  (back)

Monday, 14 November, 1864

A very seasonable pretty morning. Killed a fine young beef weighing 75 and 80 lbs. to the quarter. Sent a piece to Mr. Warters, a piece to Mrs. Larkin Garrett and to Mrs. Lipscomb, and a piece to Ju.1 – – Entered my cloth through a harness. – – Bill and I cut out the beef this evening. – – Bake took a ride on Shakespeare to look for grapes. – – Took Tom and Martha with her. Rose went too. Poor little Nan is confined with toothache and suffering more than any little thing I ever saw. – – Patsy attended to the fifth quarter of beef.2 Martha bakes loaf bread in the chamber and we took supper up there on the same little table we commenced housekeeping with.

  1. We have no way of knowing whether the Warters with the beef is the miller (Fleming) or the member of the Home Guard (William S.)   (back)
  2. Fifth quarter? Perhaps some reader can explain this to me.  (back)

Sunday 13 November, 1864

Rather cool today. Nan remained on account of her toothache. The rest of us, including Bill, went to Zion. Sent Dellah up for Bake before breakfast. She got there in good time to get ready for Church. My dear little Nannie has suffered more than I ever saw any one suffer to complain as little, and if I do not have her tooth taken out when the swelling goes down, I will be very much to blame. We all returned to dinner. Rose sent me a spare rib and piece of china by Dellah. – – Nan ate a few mouthfuls, she has lived on loaf bread and tea for three or four days. She is a little easier tonight. – – Cousin Lem was not at Church today. He and his wife are in Richmond and are detained there on account of their horse. They think he is stolen. – – Carried Nannie Edwards a bottle of yeast.1

  1. The only appearance under the name Nannie Edwards, this could be Anna Elizabeth [Corr] Edwards, wife of Kleber Edwards, next door neighbors of Dr. Ju, or Miss Ann Marie Edwards, daughter of William Austin Edwards. Nannies abound.  (back)

Saturday, 12 November, 1864

Quite a changeable and blustering day. Bill arrived about nine o’clk., not having sold anything except the butter, which he got $10 pr. lb for. The soap he carried to Mary’s, the oats and bacon he left with Turner and Moore. – – Settled with them up to this time. Loaned Bartlett $200 to buy a pair of boots and Washing – $30.1 – – The storm this evening prevented my sending for Bake. Poor little Nan is suffering so intensely with toothache. I’ve tried everything I could think of for it and had at last resorted to laudanum and brandy. That has relieved her more than anything else she has tried. – – Sent Washington yesterday evening to see Mr. Smith about the chimney. He has promised again to come on Tuesday. I do hope he will. We are so much in want of those fireplaces.2 – – Beamed a piece of coarse cloth today, 42 yds. for Dellah to weave. Bettie helping about the corn again today. Frank also. Martha was with them yesterday. – – Bill could only get 2 bags of salt, instead of 5. There was a short.

  1. While Caroline only wrote “Washing” here, she wrote over the lowercase w with an uppercase W. This suggests Caroline loaned Washington $30.  (back)
  2. There were several male Smiths in the vicinity, mostly farmers. This may have been William Smith, about 38, listed in the 1860 & 1870 Censuses as a carpenter.  (back)

Friday 11 November, 1864

A very beautiful day, but rather cooler than yesterday. We started early, Bake, Nan, Rose and myself, to “Broad-Neck” to the funeral of Mrs. Croxton. Arrived there in good time, quite a number of persons were in attendance, but from some cause or another, the minister failed to come and there was quite a disappointment. About 2 o’clk. the body was interred. I have never witnessed anything like the grief manifested among the servants. We were prepared right much to stay to dinner, but I thought it more prudent to return to dinner, though we did not reach sooner than ½ past 2 o’clk. Bake to fulfill an engagement, started immediately to Hill’s and soon met with Mary, who had walked to meet her and had gotten nearly to the Quarters. She sent Dellah back and kept on with Mary.

Thursday 10 November, 1864

I arose early this morning and had Bill wakened to have oats fanned for Richmond. Sent him 20 bags, measured up 40 bushels. Sent 42 lb. soap, 69 lbs. bacon and 8 lbs. butter. – – Sent Mary 3 chub caught by Zac last Monday. – – Pigeo sent a shuck hat to Mollie, Bake and Rose a letter. It was raining when he started, but soon cleared up and was a beautiful day. – – Warmed over a kettle of molasses. – – Received a notice of Mrs. Croxton’s funeral, sermon to take place tomorrow, she died yesterday.1 – – Bake altered a red and black muslin of Pigeo’s for her. – – I walked to the barn just before dark and saw what corn servants had to shuck.

  1. Sophie Chapman Croxton was the wife of James Croxton, (1783-1837) owner of Broadneck. The 1860 US Census suggests she was born in 1800.  (back)

Wednesday, 9 November, 1864

Cloudy and rainy, too much so for the children to go to school. Bake teaches Rose regularly. – – Bettie’s looping the yarn for the boy’s clothes. Took the rest of the black wool out of dye today and put in pants to dye for Bill and Zac. Had my potatoes packed away in chaff today. A fine parcel, had about ½ of them put in one corner in the store room. The rest, eating roots and seed put in the pantry closet in the two potato rooms. – – Had the fattening hogs up about a week, i.e. moved the pen nearer the house. They’ve been up a long time. Bake made the body to Nan’s linsy dress today. Rose and herself wrote to Mary. I got her to go down and pack a few pounds butter in a bucket to send to Richmond tomorrow by the wagon. Will sent over a load of oats by Bartlett. Bill will go over to report for duty. – – Bartlett asked me to lend him $250 or $300 to buy himself a pair of boots. I promised to do so. – – Packed up a box of soap to send over.

Tuesday 8 November, 1864

Another cloudy day. Had an early breakfast for Pigeo to go to school. Had the carriage hitched and Bake rode with her. Took the children in as far as the C.H. Made ginger cakes for her before breakfast. She carried ground peas, potatoes, &c.1 Sent some of Zac’s birth cake to Mrs. Lewis and Miss Annie. – – Bake returned about 12 or 1 o’clk. called and asked for Mr. Houchings’ acct. as she passed his house, which he promised to leave with his wife. A most exorbitant acct. – – Sent the butter up by Martha. Cousin Lem received it. – – Put some yarn hanks in dye for Solpurina to stand nine days in pokeberry juice in a stone jar.2- – No letter today. Bill brought the mail about sunset.

  1. Caroline’s ground peas are our peanuts.  (back)
  2. I have no clue what word Caroline wrote written here as “Solpurina.” Staring at the journal itself has not helped.  (back)

Monday, 7 November, 1864

Found it raining when we awoke this morning. Disappointed in sending Pigeo to school on account of Zac’s not coming and raining withal. I am very sorry. She ought to have gone last week, but staid on account of being with Zac, as he will have to leave for the Army on Tuesday. – – He came home late this evening. Had been enjoying himself very much down the county, at Mr. Hill’s last night and fishing today.1 Brought a nice bunch of chub with him and a haversack of apples. – – Sent to us by his friends down the county. – – Bill and I were walking out to see the pigs and to the cowpen when he came. He dismounted at the barn and had his horse fed, and came to the house and fixed up his things. Took supper. I fixed his snack in a towel. He carried two worsted shirts and three over-shirts, two pair drawers, 2 of socks, 3 or 4 collars and other necessary things. Poor dear child, how it grieved me to see him start. He made it late, but Gus Hill and Logan Turner will wait for him at Dr. Lewis’ where he promised to meet them.2 – – Though he started after nine o’clk, I couldn’t help walking to the out gate to hear the last tramp of his horse’s feet, till all died away in the distance. Returned to the house and found all the children crying as though their hearts would break. He started cheerfully away, to obey his Country’s call. May the Lord preserve him is my humble prayer, and be ever watchful over him, as the Good Shepherd over the flock. May the dear innocent lambs which have heard his call and have been brought into the fold never be induced to wander away or turn a deaf ear to his warning voice. O that the wolf may never enter. Dear Father! watch over them. Spare not the chastening rod whenever they need it, continue to care for them as thou hast ever done, and O may they never forget thee Good shepherd. Hear the bleating of the lambs if they wander off. Let them near Thy call and bring them back again, that none may be missing, and thine shall be all the praise. O can I ever forget the sadness of this hour, in the darkness of this night, to shake hands with my last dear child taken from his school to engage in this cruel, cruel war. So young, so inexperienced, so thoughtless, even Bill is sad, and expressed a wish to be able to go with him. – – I must not dwell longer upon this, but trust Him in my Father’s hands. – – W. D. Pollard sent for a gallon molasses today. Bill promised to give him in consideration of a kindness.3 He gave Mr. Warters a gallon and jar.4 Put three gallon in a carboy for Will.5 – – Fixed up a jar of butter for Dr. Edwards, eleven pounds, to send to the C.H. tomorrow. – – I want to give Joshua some molasses, and then we will have gotten through one barrel.6

  1. This is likely the same Mr. Hill’s home, Cherry Lane, where Bill stayed the evening of 16 July.  (back)
  2. This is probably the same Gus Hill who helped thresh oats on 3 August. He was about Zac’s age. Both were a couple of years younger than Logan Turner.  (back)
  3. We met Deputy Clerk Pollard on 11 October.  (back)
  4. No telling which Warters this is. I would guess the miller footnoted on 12 July.  (back)
  5. This Will is perhaps Caroline’s brother, a.k.a. “Uncle Billy” and “Uncle Bill,” William M. Ellett, Jr. We met him on 11 July.  (back)
  6. This is the only reference to a Joshua in the journal. There was a Joshua Ellett, about Caroline’s age, living in King William and recorded in the U.S. Census. Perhaps this is a cousin of Caroline’s and the intended recipient of the molasses. More research is needed on the Ellett family.  (back)

Sunday, 6 November, 1864

Another pretty day. Bill remained at home. The rest of us attended Zion, Zac on horseback. I went to Elsing Green from Church with Stanley.1 We came by Ju’s and returned home to dinner. The children walked after dinner and I dozed a while after reading. – – Brought a stone jar for butter for Mrs. Edwards, she brought up to Church.2 – – And a bucket of flour Rose returned.

  1. Certainly J. Stanley Neale who spent the night at Woodbury on 25 June. Elsing Green was the home of the Gregorys. Until her death four years earlier, the mistress of Elsing Green was Maria G. [Ellett] Gregory, Caroline’s aunt.  (back)
  2. As we will see tomorrow, this jar was brought by my Great-Great Grandmother, the wife of Dr. Lemuel Edwards.  (back)

Saturday 5 November, 1864

Quite a pretty day. The children all spent the day very pleasantly. The boys, Bill, Zac and Logan pitched their quoits. Logan left before sunset. Zac went upstairs and took a nap. All of us enjoyed some cake and wine. Tried my grape wine the first time. – – Finished off nearly all the work we have on hand.

Friday, 4 November, 1864

Zac left this morning about eleven o’clk. for Richmond to report at Camp Lee. Left us all feeling quite sadly. – – Bake is busy about finishing off her black silk dress. Afterwards made Nan’s calico dress. – – She made Zac two shirts and two collars. I am glad to see her so industrious, to my surprise and gratification. After I had retired, who should knock at my chamber door and call Ma, but Zac about 12 at night. I was delighted to hear his voice for I felt all day as if he had not gone for good. He heard at the “Piping Tree” that it would be impossible for him to enter the Cavalry and he was approved to going in the Infantry.1 So he returned in company with Logan Turner, one of Lee’s Rangers, with the intention of returning with him on Tuesday.2 – – Dellah is finishing off coarse work. – – They came by Dr. Lewis! Commenced hauling corn today.

  1. Piping Tree was the home of Dr. Fendall Gregory and his wife Elizabeth Southerland Littlepage, both about 67. Both were cousins of Caroline’s late husband Lewis. Piping Tree, also the home of a tavern and a ferry, was a well known King William landmark.  (back)
  2. Private Logan Turner, son of William M. Turner of King William who is shown living near Fendall and Aunt Betsy Gregory at the Piping Tree on the Gilmer map, was indeed a recent member of Company H, 9th Virginia Cavalry. Before that he had served in both the 53rd Infantry and the 4th Regiment of Virginia Heavy Artillery. Illness and special assignments made him a well-traveled soldier. We will read more of Logan Turner and his family.  (back)

Thursday, 3 November, 1864

Found it raining this morning and it continued to do so all day. – – Rose left after dinner sometime. Dellah cooked dinner. – – I am doubling black and white yarn for double cloth for the boys’ clothes. – – Zac’s furlough is out today, but he defers starting on account of the rain. Finished sowing oat this morning, twenty-three bushels. – – Jim Spiller came and took dinner. Jack came for Rose this evening.1

  1. Jack seems to be a slave of the James Hill King family.  (back)