Thursday, 28 February, 1865

Raining again today. I never saw such a wet winter in my life. Bill took a snack and left for Lieut. Haw’s to see about purchasing a horse, gave him $2000. – – Sent Martha for the mail, sent a turkey hen by her to exchange for a gobbler with Mr. Slaughter. – – Bake received a letter from Alice Hill, and Pigeo one from Phil Lewis. – – Two soldiers came to get accommodations tonight, one from Lancaster and the other from Gloucester. Bill had not returned tonight.

Monday, 27 February, 1865

The weather has much moderated, and I hope the roads will be better after a while. I suppose Bake will return as soon as the roads will permit. Gave Bill a 4 pct. bond of a 1000$ and $300 in treasury notes when he left the C.H. to pay taxes and other things. Pd. William Spiller $75 for 1000 bricks. He brought back $25 at night. – – Quite a disgraceful affair between two of our citizens today. – – Just as I was getting ready to weave on my dress, Bake with Hal Brumly and Jack White to accompany them came to spend the day.1 They left before sunset. – – Mrs. Lipscomb came today for something to eat. I supplied her wants. The hands are still shucking corn. Bill informed me he had sold 20 barrels corn today to Mr. Davis at $250 pr. barrel, to be delivered immediately. – – Had a letter mailed to Mary today respecting Albert.

  1. Jack White may have been a son of Ambrose and Margaret [Lipscomb] White who lived nearly. He is listed in the 1860 US Census as James, then 20. However there were other White families in the area.  (back)

Sunday, 26 February, 1865

Rather an inclement morning, too much so to attend Church in an open wagon, and the roads are too shocking to go in the carriage. The servants informed us this morning that Bake and the Lieut. found great difficulty in getting through the mud Friday evening. Had to get some assistance to get their horse and buggy out of the mud. So, I was afraid to send the basket of bread and wine by Bartlett. He returned with it just as dinner was ready. Bill returned from the C. H. after breakfast and went upstairs and slept till dinner. He and I took a walk to the ice house and to see the ploughing, after Pigeo and Nan started to ride. They, with Martha, went to call on Mrs. Garrett. After they returned, Bill had George fed and attended a night meeting by Dr. Phil at Canton, and returned at 12. He had four additions to the Church.1 – – Heard that the Yankees have recently visited W. Point and took every white man except one. Stayed a night there and burned some granaries on the King and Queen side. O, is it possible that we are again to be harassed by the terrible foe. My heart sickens at the thought.

  1. Dr. Phil is Phillip P. DuVal, M.D., son of Dr. John DuVal of King & Queen County. A Campbellite, “old” Dr. DuVal was one of the founders of Jerusalem Church in the early 1840s where the Littlepages once attended. Young Dr. DuVal followed in his father’s footsteps. Where this church was at Canton is a mystery. It seems unlikely they were using nearby Colossee.  (back)

Saturday, 25 February, 1865

Came on to rain about nine and continued all day. The hands are shucking corn. Bill came to dinner very much indisposed from loss of sleep and exposure. Succeeded in catching all four deserters, but let one make his escape. – – After getting some sleep and something to eat, I had something prepared for him to carry, and he left through the rain at dark for the C. H. to help guard the prisoners again tonight. It is certainly disagreeable business, but nothing pertaining to war can be pleasant. – – Patsy, Beck, and Parky are spinning a little more filling for my dress. Dellah and her baby are doing very well. This is the eighth day. – – Bartlett got out two hams and two shoulders of his meat only, left part of a middling.

Friday, 24 February, 1865

Arose quite early this morning and before it was entirely light, went out and carried the dear little lamb to its mother. She came running to meet me and was so delighted to see it. I believe it would have died if it had staid out in the cold rain all night, and now its strong enough to follow its mother. We have ten beautiful ones now, have lost 2 or 3 sheep this winter and one or two lambs. Have twenty-five in all now. Dogs are playing destruction with sheep in the County. In some instances, have killed all the owner had. – – The hands are shucking corn today. – – Bill went up for the mail. Bake received a letter and two papers from Zac. Poor fellow! He is undergoing such hardships and dear Liv has not made his appearance yet. I hope nothing will prevent his getting home. Lieut. Catlett came in a top buggy for Bake this evening, according to the arrangement of the girls and himself the day they were here. Washington got the rest of his bacon out of the smoke house, excepting two hams I purchased of him weighing 23 ½ pounds. – – Had a snack prepared for Bill and he left about night for guard duty, rode George. Received orders to summon the guard and hunt up four deserters. Jim was late getting from Mill, ten o’clk. before he came. Only brought a part of the cotton we had ginned, 27 ½  pounds, including three bags, making 31 with the 4 lbs. sent some time ago. Had fifteen bushels corn ground, I believe. Had it all put in the passage when he came.

Thursday, 23 February, 1865

Found it raining this morning a little. I walked to the barn and had feeding done, and went and saw Parky milk. Found a little lamb lying down, and brought it to the house. Mr. Hillyard sent for sixty bushels oats @ $35 pr. bushel. – – It rained very hard tonight. Bill went at bedtime and brought the lamb in again. I kept it in my chamber all night. The dearest little thing I ever saw. There is something in a lamb that engages all the tender feelings of my heart, something that speaks to my very soul, emblem of purity and innocence, fit emblem of a savior’s love. – – Wove about a yard on my dress today, very uncommon. I think it will be quite pretty, though I had no idea of its being so. Find I shall not have enough filling. Am having more prepared and dyed for it. – – Bake had a molasses stew tonight.

Wednesday, 22 February, 1865

A tolerably good day. Bill went to C.H. at eleven or twelve to meet some of the Guard. Did not return till night, then took supper and left again for the C.H. to guard some conscripts. – – Engaged some oats to Mr. Hillyard to be delivered tomorrow morning. – – Got my cloth ready to commence weaving. Mr. Ro. Hill brought some papers for Bill.

Tuesday, 21 February, 1865

A lovely day. I am again prevented from my weaving operations by com. Hal and Livinia Lewis came about 12 and informed me Mrs. Lewis and Miss Jennie Hill and Lieut. Collett Catlett were on their way down to spend the day.1 Bill had gone up for the mail. Returned just as dinner was ready, but had to deliver our tythe of bacon to the Government, as this was the last day they would be at the C.H. to receive it.2 Sent up 128 lbs. by Bartlett in the tumbrel. – – Phil Lewis came agreeably to promise for Pigeo to spend the day at Auburn. She accompanied him on Shakespeare and returned with her to supper and left at eleven. The girls made Bake promise to visit them on Friday. The Lieut. will be down to accompany her up. – – Received by mail a letter and circular from the superintendent of Hollins Institute. Pigeo will not be able to enter till the next session (August), at which time I wish Nan to enter with her to remain till they complete their education, if I live. If not, I wish to appropriate that amount of money exclusively. I hope the Yankees will not frustrate my plan. Bake received an interesting letter from Zac. – – First “Whig” came today.

  1. Miss Jennie Hill is likely Virginia H. Hill, about 30, daughter of the late Robert Hill and wife Harriet Herbert [Claiborne] Hill. Mrs. Lewis is likely Octavia Claiborne [Hill] Lewis, widow of Dr. John S. Lewis. Livinia Lewis is Octavia’s daughter. We met her 20 December last year.  (back)
  2. Tythe is certainly an alternate spelling of tithe.  (back)

Monday, 20 February, 1865

A beautiful day overhead. I attempted again today to get the piece of flannel ready to weave, was prevented last Saturday by Co. and other things and have not quite succeeded today. Co. has again prevented. Miss Lewis, Miss Winston and Phil came on horseback and before they left, 5 soldiers came to get accommodations for the night.1 Sanders is a hard looking customer, Talliaferno Talliaferro a nice gentleman, Lieut. Sprigs also.2- – The girls left about twilight and Phil offered to come and bring a horse with him tomorrow if I would let Pigeo return with him. I partially consented to do so. – – Made remunerations for her services amounting to $80 or $90, she did not ask as much, but I thought proper to give it to her. Let Frank return with her to help carry her things. – – We have been ploughing for the last 4 or 5 days, but the ground is rather wet. Farmers are all behind and if we wait for good weather, I fear the Yankees will be in upon us again. We are losing some strongholds of late. Charleston has fallen, and other important places also. The future is dark, to my view, as regards peace and security. – – Well, Liv has not made his appearance yet. I was nearly running to meet a dismounted cavalry man this evening, taking him for Liv. I am sometimes sad, hope deferred makes the heart sick. I am so much afraid something may prevent his escape from the hands of the enemy. – – Dellah is suffering a good deal with pain in her knee. Sent a letter by Tom to Camm’s for Oby to carry his mistress, informing him that she could have the corn @$200 as she prefers buying to returning the barrel of corn loaned her last summer. 3

  1. We met Phil Lewis and his sister Ann Barbara (Nannie) last July. Miss Winston visited Woodbury on 9 December, but I failed to note her. As Phil and Nannie’s mother was Barbara Joanna [Winston] Lewis, this Miss Winston could be a niece attending Dr. Lewis’ school. Or it might have been Nannie D. Winston, daughter of O. M. Winston who lived upcounty about 10 miles. He would later serve as King William’s Clerk of Court and purchase White Bank from Samuel Norment. If it was young Nannie Winston, about 14, it was both. O.M. Winston and Barbara Joanna Winston were siblings from “Blenheim” in Hanover County.  (back)
  2. Caroline did not provide enough information about the soldiers for me to identify them. I thought a Lieutenant would be easy, but no. It is possible they were recently released prisoners of war traveling together back home after being released in Richmond. That might suggest they are from one of the “Bay” counties or the Northern Neck. Any readers who would like to do some more research are welcome to do so.  (back)
  3. Where is Oby living? At Woodbury? With the Camm Garretts? His wife lives at the King’s Sandy Hill. Does he spend time there?  (back)

Sunday, 19 February, 1865

A tolerably good day overhead, but shockingly bad underfoot. We all, except Bill, ventured to start to Church in the carriage and found great difficulty in getting there. The horses refused to pull out of the mud and Mr. B. Edwards offered Bake his horse, and we met a soldier, Mr. Willie Catlett, who assisted Pigeo on his horse and a number of the Point Lookout Prisoners were on theirs, and assisted us in getting the horses to the carriage, so we arrived at Church in good time.1 Cousin Lem was very good, as usual. We generally have very good attendances, notwithstanding bad roads and weather. – – Oby brought a letter from Evelyn, and bacon I loaned her last summer. 2

  1. Mr. B. Edwards must be “Uncle” Isaac Butler Edwards, he of the brandy, footnoted 26 December. William (Willie) Catlett was the younger brother of Lieut. Bradley Catlett who we have met. Willie would have been about 22.  (back)
  2. This is the Evelyn McLelland we identified 9 January and the bacon mentioned 15 August, 1864.  (back)

Saturday, 18 February, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Ju surprised me by stepping in unexpectedly just as I had finished breakfast and taken my seat in the chamber to read. I soon had breakfast prepared for him, and while it was getting ready, a servant came to inform me that Mrs. Henley, some young ladies and gentlemen were coming over to spend the morning and wished to borrow our boat to assist in getting them across the river. – – Ju staid till 12, but did not go in where the ladies were as he was in his ducking suit. They spent a pleasant morning and left about one o’clk. In the meantime, sent for Aunt Fannie, and Dellah added another to the family (a handsome little boy) a little after one o’clk.1 – – Sent Martha for Bake and Nan immediately after the company left. Some of the girls promised to return with Pigeo this evening. They would insist that she should return with them when they left. Hardin sent Bake and Nan home in his conveyance and by the time they got in, Pigeo, Miss Cutler and Miss Turner, with two young gentlemen, Mr. Walker and Mr. Acre, crossed the river and spent a short time, long enough for Bake to play them several tunes, then accompanied them to the river about twilight.2 – – Ju lanced an abscess on John’s hip. Poor boy, it would be a happy turn of providence to end his sufferings I think, if I may be allowed to judge. He is so entirely helpless and suffers so much, and so intensely.3 – – Bill arrived while we were at supper. Sold the corn for $320 pr. barrel and flour for $700 he got in exchange for the wheat he carried over last week.

  1. Aunt Fanny must be a local midwife.  (back)
  2. These young visitors from across the river are in need of first names. There are Walkers galore. Miss Turner may be Lucy Daniel Turner, about 20, mentioned in the footnote for 7 June, 1864. Mr. Acree might be either Edward, 22, or Alex, 19, sons of Edward Acree who lived near the Turners. The only surname mentioned not common in King & Queen is Cutter. Our readers from King & Queen are welcome to speculate.  (back)
  3. This must be “Blind John” who we will come to know later.  (back)

Friday, 17 February, 1865

This has been an inclement day, ever since ten o’clk. Bake and Nan, with Martha to walk with them, started to Hardin’s at nine o’clk. Sent for a bottle of brandy by Martha for No. 6.1 – – She returned by the C.H. and brought me a letter from Liv dated 10 Feb. I was so much delighted to see it, the first one I’ve received since Oct. He is enjoying good health, and I hope to see him soon, as the prisoners are being exchanged now rapidly, 3000 arrived in Richmond. – – Had a piece of warp beamed for flannel and a dress for myself, prepared Dellah to weave. – – Nan wrote to Zac by Logan and sent him a needle case. He left before dinner and Pigeo and I are left alone. She finished off her soldier’s socks, and I employed most of the day reading. Dellah stitched up a pair of pants for Zac, and then went down and assisted in beaming my cloth. 2

  1. The Number 6 remedy in Thomsonian medicine was a tincture of myrrh and cayenne. Caroline seems to be short some #6 and is trading brandy for some with her brother-in-law.  (back)
  2. If any of our readers are weavers perhaps they will share an explanation of what is happening on the loom.  (back)

Thursday, 16 February, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Nan hurried through her lessons in order that Bake and herself might return Cornelia’s visit, and just as they were getting ready, Logan Turner came to spend the day and night, so they deferred their visit till tomorrow. Bake is crocheting a pair of gloves for little Baylor Hill. – – Cut out a pair of Va. Cloth pants for Zac yesterday, like those I made and sent Hardie. – – Dellah finished her cloth this morning, and I gave her the rest of the day. 1

  1. You might remember Owen Baylor Hill, Jr., about 4, as the son of the late Dr. Owen Baylor Hill and Alice [Turner] Hill mentioned in the footnote of 26 November, 1864.  (back)

Wednesday, 15 February, 1865

I awoke this morning at five instead of 1 o’clk. Called Bill and found it raining and forming a sleet as it fell. – – Mr. Slade left about ten and Bill had the wagons loaded and off about 12 o’clk., 140 bushels corn and 5 bushels oats for Mary, and 20 of our bags. Bill rode George and will overtake them at the Piping Tree, though it’s raining quite fast. Bake and I wrote to Mary. – – Sent for a set of candle moulds and a jet belt buckle for Pigeo.1 Gave Bill $450 to return to Ju for what he borrowed yesterday to pay Cousin W. M. Turner taxes, also $100 more on the Mr. Houchings’ acct., as he failed again to see him and settle it, and had to send some of the money to Richmond. – – Bill put a wrong construction on a remark I made and allowed his feelings to be very much hurt.

  1. Jet, a hard black semiprecious variety of lignite, capable of being carved and highly polished. Also a glossy black color.  (back)

Tuesday, 14 February, 1865

A cold but bright day. Bill set the hands about getting ice, then went up for mail and returned to dinner with a very nice gentleman, a Mr. Slade, superintending some Government wagons, potatoes.1 It was too cold to do anything with potatoes, so Bill engaged him to take back a load of corn to Richmond for one-fifth of the corn, and accordingly went about getting it out. – – Bake is so much pleased with the gentleman, that she entertains him in her parlor till eleven o’clk., at which time we all retired. Bill slept in the back chamber in order for me to call him at one o’clk. to go about the corn, and it is so intensely cold that the children have all slept in my chamber for several nights. – – Bill brought Pigeo a very nice valentine from the mail and a letter from Clarence Bell.2

  1. Confederate citizen records show several persons involved in procuring during the war. Unfortunately none point obviously towards Bake’s Mr. Slade. Caroline does not quite express her feelings at her daughter’s pleasure in his company, although she does describe him as, ..”a very nice gentleman.”   (back)
  2. One might think an appropriate Clarence Bell would be easy to identify. But no. Unfortunately he does not reappear in the Journal. If any readers have a suggestion I would love to hear it. This may be the Mr. Bell who visited Woodbury 21 June last year.  (back)

Monday, 13 February, 1865

Quite a calm, pretty day after such a blustering one as we had yesterday, though extremely cold. Jim A. Robins spent the day. Bake was right much put out on acct. of some rumors in circulation by a false friend. It’s unwise in her to notice it, I think. Jealousy and envy are at the bottom of it all. Let the latter alone, it will finish itself, and the former will burn until it will entirely annihilate. Both will live as long as they are fed, and I was always opposed to administering food to either. – – Jim left after dinner. – – I looked for Bill this evening, but we retired at eleven and he had not made his appearance, and was surprised at two by a rap at the front door and he walked in. Had a bad time on the road going over. Did not see Hardie, left his pants, potatoes, &c at Mary’s. Found her giving way to the high strikes right much he said.1 It’s all nonsense these times, if not at all times. – – It is the general impression, he says, that Richmond will be evacuated very soon. – – The prospect ahead is very dark, but as for myself I will not make it more so by anticipating it. – – Bill had Liv’s box labelled to him and expects it to reach him this week. A general exchange of prisoners has been effected, and I am delighted to hear it. Hope to see my captive bird soon, was caught and caged in the ever memorable flight across the field of Gettysburg. – – Bill exchanged some wheat for a barrel of flour in Richmond. – – Mr. Hillyard’s wagon has his bags.

  1. “giving way to the high strikes” is a phrase I have never heard before. Have you?  (back)

Sunday, 12 February, 1865

A terribly windy day. Had the carriage gotten out and horses harnessed, basket fixed, &c to go to Church, but deemed it would be very imprudent to start in such a wind, so we had very reluctantly to decline going and content ourselves at home reading, &c. Much mortified at the idea of being unable to attend Church. – – Bill had not returned from Richmond yet, but I can’t expect him on such a day as this. We are almost afraid to go out of doors the bushes are being blown from one side of the porch to the other. The wind continued to blow all day, until sometime in the night. – – Our sheep have gotten out and gone off somewhere. Sent Addison after them this morning, but learned this evening he declined going. – – Mrs. McGeorge’s servant told Frederick tonight they were at Mr. Norment’s, and the dogs were killing his and Miss Mildred Garlick’s, and I am very much afraid they will interfere with ours also.1 Last winter I had them penned regularly, but somehow or other everything seems to go wrong now and we trust to chance on everything nearly, I won’t say to providence, for I am very willing to trust to that when I have done my part, but not otherwise.

  1. Miss Mildred C. Garlick (~1810-1870) was the daughter of Sam and Mary Garlick. She appears on the 1860 US Census as M.C. Her home was on a 240 acre farm between Mr. Norment and Archie Brown on a road parallel and just south of today’s 616.  (back)

Saturday, 11 February, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Spent the morning fitting keys to my locks and in about two hours afterwards, Martha found the keys that were lost in the ash pit. Cut out two pair drawers and a corset for Pigeo, also two chemise for her, then cut off three for myself. Bake fitted a body on Parky and finished her dress. I cut out one for Phillis. Bake and Nan took a long walk this evening, and Pigeo had feeding done.

Friday, 10 February, 1865

Another good day. Bill had 20 bushels wheat and eight bushels corn put in bags to take to Richmond in the wagon. Bartlett started about eleven o’clk., Bill in the wagon with him. Sent Mr. Houchings money again by Bill. I have been right much put out this morning about misplacing a bunch of keys. Pigeo took my seat at the breakfast table this morning. – – Cut out a pair of pants for Ju. – – Sent a letter by Bill to have mailed in Richmond to Liv. Bake sent one to Hardie, Mrs. Wynn, Zac and Miss Harris, also a note to Alice.1

  1. Miss Harris is another unknown correspondent.  (back)

Thursday, 9 February, 1865

Another pretty day. Ju and Horace walked down after breakfast. Brought a piece of cashmere for me to cut him a pair of pants. He is wonderfully pleased with the pair I am making for Hardie. Tried them on. I had his cloth sponged. – – Dellah gets on right well weaving. Patsy’s spinning wool for filling. – – I was in hopes when Ju had replaced his servants he would again resume his wanted cheerfulness, but he still has a source of trouble, one not so easily remedied as replacing the servants. – – He and Horace left before dinner. Took Pigeo’s measure for a pair of shoes, he is going to have made for her. – – Bill rode Duroc away today getting up Government arms. Sent four mules to have shod, anticipating a trip to Richmond tomorrow. – – Mr. Shackleford spent the night.1 – – I sat up the rest of the night after taking a nap when we had finished supper. I packed up a box for Liv containing a meddling and ham of bacon, a beef tongue, sausage, sweet potatoes, peach leather, dried peaches, butter, soap, ground peas, walnuts, 6 doz. herrings, some stewed molasses, &c and a little bag of meal. – – Finished off both pair of pants and fixed some potatoes, &c for Hardie.

  1. Another mystery visitor. Shackleford is well-known family name in Caroline and King & Queen counties, but not in King William.  (back)

Wednesday, 8 February, 1865

Quite a bright morning. Willie left about ten o’clk. We are at work on the pants. – – Bill sat in Bake’s room most of the day. – – Pigeo’s making preparation for school, i.e. in anticipation of being able to get in. Bartlett came with meal last night, brought no cotton. – – Pigeo sent some heads and blk. cotton by Willie for Alice to take to Richmond for Ella Hillyard to crochet for her.1

  1. A Miss Ella J. Hillyard appears in the 1876 Richmond City Directory, a school teacher. The Richmond Dispatch reported her death in 1880. But I have not been able to link her to any other likely Hillyards in King William County. Any Hillyard family historians out there are welcome to comment.  (back)

Tuesday, 7 February, 1865

Found it snowing this morning. Notwithstanding, Bill was out early and had corn shelled and cotton packed and weighed to send the machine and mill 175 pounds cotton and 14 bushels corn sent by the wagon. – – He and Willie Turner rode up for the mail. We waited dinner till 4, but they did not come till near night. Brought me a letter from Mary, and Bake one from the vicinity. – – Nan stitched up Hardie’s pants and one piece of Bill’s and Pigeo the other. – – Parky made the skirt.

Monday, 6 February, 1865

Another pretty day. Have looked for Bake all day, and at dark she, with Willie and George Turner, arrived on horseback, having enjoyed herself very much visiting and receiving calls.1 Met with Bettie Rosser and her mother at the Piping Tree.2 The General and some other members of the family were there also. – – Cut out a pair of pants a piece for Hardie and Bill of Va. Cloth, my own manufacture. – – Parky washed today. – – Sent Ju a dollar to have some letters mailed by Washington yesterday evening, one to Hardie, one to Zac and one to the Superintendent at Hollins Institute to engage a situation for Pigeo there.

  1. Willie (William) and his younger brother George are sons of W. M. Turner who we met last week. They are siblings of Logan and Alice [Turner] Hill.  (back)
  2. Mrs. Elizabeth (Bettie) Barbara [Winston] Rosser is the daughter of Col. William Overton Winston, Sr. of Hanover and Sarah Ann Gregory, daughter of Dr. Fendell Gregory and his wife Elizabeth Southerland Littlepage of Piping Tree. Elizabeth is Lewis Littlepages first cousin; we met both last November. Bettie’s husband is General Thomas Lafayette Rosser. To his West Point roommate, George A. Custer, Tom Rosser was “Tex” even though he had been born and spent his childhood near Appomattox, Virginia. To Rosser and his classmates, Custer was “Fanny.” Both Rosser and Custer had distinguished war records. Although they had sometimes faced each other on the battlefield, they remained friends after the war. Custer remained in the military, dying in 1876 under memorable circumstances. Rosser became a successful railroad construction engineer. He died in Charlottesville in 1910.  (back)

Sunday, 5 February, 1865

Quite a pretty day. All attended church. Bill rode George and I drove Duroc on that acct. He was so unruly at church I was afraid to call by Ju’s as I intended. All returned to dinner. – – I am right much indisposed, as well as the rest of the family with cold. Bill informed me Ju bought two servants in Richmond last week, a man and woman. – – I expected to meet Bake at Zion today, but am disappointed. – – Cornelia brought me a letter from Zac by Jim King, who is on furlough. They are just from N.C., looking up deserters.1

  1. This Jim King is probably the same as James King who appeared on 2 November, 1864. At this point in the war many members of the Home Guard had joined the regular army in the defense of Richmond.  (back)

Saturday, 4 February, 1865

A lovely day. Mr. Ford and another man came for potatoes. I sold them 9½ bushels @ $60 pr. bushel (sweet). – – Finished off my alpaca dress. I’ve been so long about it, commenced before Xmas. – – Nan finished her frills, &c. Pigeo knitting.

Friday, 3 February, 1865

The children prepared their lessons and recited them to each other. I made a pair of undersleeves for my muslin dress. Dellah is weaving Parky’s dress and the rest of the cloth for other purposes. Bill walked up for the mail, no paper. I am thinking Mr. Turner forgot to subscribe for the Whig. Nan received letters from Zac. – – Pigeo’s knitting a pair of socks for a soldier, “Lieut. Lamper.” 1

  1. Lieut. Lamper is unknown. And why Caroline put parenthesis around his name is also. Further, I am not convinced about the spelling. Click here. If any of our readers have a better idea, please comment.  (back)

Thursday, 2 February, 1865

A lovely morning, and as soon as I thought Bake could ride down from the Grove, I commenced looking for her and Bill, and continued to look until I could no longer discern an object. The children, as she instructed them, prepared their lessons to recite in the afternoon, instead of morning, as she did not expect to return in time. Went up to spend a night with Alice and take leave of her before going to Richmond. – – Bill came after dark, leading Shakespeare. I never was more surprised and couldn’t believe but she remained in the passage just to have a little fun with the children. It really mortifies me to see that she has so little stability and firmness, or in other words “Moral Courage” so necessary in my estimation to form “decision of character,” which no lady or gentleman (though possessing all the characteristics of one) is an entire one without. – – She has undertaken to teach the children by the month pd. in advance, with a grant to visit or receive company from Friday to Monday. – – Bill says she will be back on Saturday. This is a deviation I think and the forfeiture on the part of one makes it no longer binding on the other. – – She may come on Saturday, but I shall not expect her. However, I will try and make the best of it and write to the superintendent at “Hollins Institute,” and if I can get Pigeo in there to remain till her education is finished and in the mean time do the best I can with Nan. Be patient and trust in the Lord is my motto, and as much as possible preserve a cheerful air under all circumstances, though there are many things to wound my feelings. But I endeavor to put the best construction and pass them by as though they had not been, help that which can be helped, and that over which I have no control patiently submit to.

Wednesday, 1 February, 1865

Quite a pretty day. I’ve been engaged till dinner entering a piece of coarse cloth for Dellah to weave. She commenced on it this evening. Bill and Bake proposed to ride on horseback to the Grove. Started after school was out, to return tomorrow morning. – – Sent Mr. Houchings acct. by Bill to be receipted and the amount due $640. Also sent $200 for taxes again, to the _?_.1 Bake wrote to Zac and carried the letter to send by Logan if he is not gone. I commenced one also, but will have to wait for another opportunity. Commenced one to Hardie also. – – A soldier came to get lodgings, but it was not suitable and he left. I had good reasons for not doing so.

  1. Current thinking is Caroline is abbreviating “Deputy Sheriff” as she nears the edge of the page. County sheriffs collected taxes in this days. What do you think? Click here.  (back)