Friday, 30 June, 1865

I am in bed really sick all day. Completely prostrate. The children do different things for me, but nothing seems to relieve me. Bake had some nice tea made for me to drink instead of water. Had a terrible thunder cloud with rain this evening. It comes so nicely on the newly worked ground we are working, the sugar cane Frederick’s ploughing, the potatoes, peas, ac. Patsy laid the vines up for him. – – Martha carded a little mixed wool today. Pigeo’s assisting Bake hem stitching, &c. Dear children! How much I feel bound up in them and feel so much solicitude for their welfare. – – Bake insisted on giving me medicine, but all went off to sleep without giving it. I awoke about one o’clk. and got up and mixed Calomel and Jalap myself and disturbed nobody, except Martha to bring me a plate and knife. Sent a dozen old herrings to Mary King by Martha this evening. – – Had one of my beautiful locusts broken off today during the cloud.

Thursday, 29 June, 1865

A fine morning. I awoke ½ past 2, had Bill waked up, who went out and had feeding done. Came in and waked the Lieut., and they were soon off to Richmond. Had a sad parting. Had the children waked up and soon had breakfast over and went about fixing a room for Hardie. He is so anxious to have a small room to sleep in by himself, so I had all my things moved out of the little locked room upstairs and had a lounge and his trunk and other things fixed up in there for him. He is very much pleased with it. Had my bed clothes all put out by Martha, and had Bettie to assist in moving things. I have taken unusual exercise today and tonight am quite sick. Threw up a great deal of bile, have something of plethoramochers, am much weakened by it.1 Hardie and Zac white-washed more palings today. Gave them a new brush. Zac rode to Mount Hope this evening.

  1. “plethoramorphus” ?? Do I have the spelling right? What does it mean? A little help out there. Click here.  (back)

Wednesday, 28 June, 1865

Fine morning, so cool and pleasant. Bartlett came from Richmond this morning (brought a letter from Nan), but not to remain at home. I am very sorry to part with him. – – The Lieut. will leave in the morning. Bill will take him over in the buggy to Richmond. From there he will take a steamer to New York. Put up lunch for them tonight, had a chicken boiled. – – I am sorry to see Bill so much indisposed. Has been complaining several days, though he and Zac have been at plough. – – All sat up quite late tonight. I put up 9 lbs. butter for Bill to take over in the morning. – – Bake and Pigeo went in the parlor and played some after. The boys retired. – – I feel quite sad myself at the idea of parting with the Lieut. He has become like one of the family and to all appearance is such a good young man, and has become so much attached to every member of the family.

Tuesday, 27 June, 1865

A delightful morning. Hardie and Pigeo rode out this morning before breakfast, returned while we were eating. Ju invited all to dine their today. Hardie and Bake went in the buggy, and Pigeo and Lieut. Arledge on horseback. Bill, Zac and I remained at home. Spent a quiet day. The boys ploughed some. Bill’s complaining a little. I expected the children back to supper, but they did not return till about eleven. Spent a very pleasant day at Ju’s. Patsy commenced working in the garden this evening. – – The Lieut. went down for Hal in the buggy from Ju’s and Hardie carried her back. Returned to Ju’s and all came on down together.

Monday, 26 June, 1865

A very pleasant day, showery and a delightful breeze. The boys ploughed some today. Hardie white-washed some palings. Zac went about it on Saturday and while he and Bill are ploughing, Hardie went out fishing for cats. Came in to dinner. – – (I made a donation today of a valuable piece of property, hope a proper valuation will be placed upon it, which I have no doubt will be, and be appreciated ad valorem.) – – Hardie, Bake and the Lieut. rode to Ju’s this evening. The former to have an operation performed on his jaw, but the Dr. was not at home. They all returned to supper. – – Had potato onions taken up this evening by Martha. She is my main dependence.

Sunday, 25 June, 1865

Quite a pretty day. The Lieut. drove the carriage, Bake, Pigeo and I. Zac and William Gregory on horseback. Bill, a little indisposed, remained at home, and Hardie on account of having a boil on his face. We returned to dinner. William Gregory went home. Bake and the Lieut. took their usual walk. Zac went to prayer meeting at Colosse. Took supper at Mount Hope, returned and slept in the porch till day. Lieut. Arledge received a letter from James Filor in New York by Bill, the 1st information he has had from his friends since he came here, though he has written repeatedly.1

  1. Lieut. Arledge’s family lived for a while in Key West, FL where they were neighbors, and it seems in-laws, of merchant James Filor. James, a generation older that our Lieut., is now living in New York where he will die in 1867. Filor is perhaps best remembered for the letter he wrote to President Lincoln in 1863 requesting Key West be included in the loyal areas of the South exempt from the Emancipation Proclamation. We will learn more about Lieut. Arledge as well.  (back)

Saturday, 24 June, 1865

A beautiful morning. Hardie and Pigeo rode up to Ju’s on horseback. After they returned, Hardie and I rode to Hill’s and spent the day. I rode Fannie and Hardie, Shakespeare. Found Mag in bed. Festus returned from prison at Point Lookout a few days ago. After spending a pleasant day, we returned to supper. Found William Gregory there when we returned, who spent the night.1 – – Bill returned from Richmond this evening. Sold my butter for $.30 pr. pound. Got 12 lbs. sugar, two milk cans and a tin bucket. – – Mary sent me a bushel very superior flour. Dear child, I hope the Lord will prosper her in everything in this world. She deserves it, and bestow upon her immortal joys hereafter is my prayer.

  1. This is likely the William Gregory, son of Roger Gregory and Maria Ellett of Elsing Green. He would have been about 34.  (back)

Friday, 23 June, 1865

Another fine morning. The servants are weeding the sweet potatoes. Bartlett Jr. came to me for a pass to go to Richmond this evening. I gave him one to return on Tuesday. He is a good servant. Hope he will not change his mind when he gets there and forget to come back. – – I starched a dress for Nan (Swiss muslin). Want to send it to her by Bartlett. Also did up a body for Bake and some little things for Pigeo. – – Parky ironed today. She spends more than ½ her time washing and ironing. Before the boys returned, we took two days and a fortnight and now we employ 6 or 7 days. – – Bartlett started this evening. Wrote to Nan and sent her a Swiss dress. Pigeo wrote to her also.

Thursday, 22 June, 1865

A very good day. We arose quite early. I had Bill waked to make an early start to Richmond. Had 9 lbs. butter put into a bucket for market. Borrowed one of Parky’s, the Yankees having deprived me of all mine. Gave him $25 to make some few purchases. – – We gave the servants two or three days a piece this week to cut wheat for themselves or to do whatever they liked. Hardie and Lieut. Arledge rode to Ju’s this evening. The former wished to see Ju respecting a little boil or something of the kind on his face. Ju was not at home. – – I cut out a calico dress for Pigeo today, one that Hardie brought from Europe.

Wednesday, 21 June, 1865

Another rainy day, i.e., alternate showers. Bill rode Shakespeare away this morning, and Zac and Liv went to the mill fishing. Horace came down fishing this morning. – – After dinner Pigeo and I rode to see Mag. Ju was not at home. I wished to see him to have some talk. We returned by old Mrs. Lipscomb’s. I walked to see her garden and corn. She is such an industrious old lady. – – Found Hardie here on my return. He deferred his trip to Danville, therefore, returned from Richmond sooner than expected him. Attended the marriage of Dr. Washington and Miss Roy on Tuesday evening. He and his sister were first groom’s, main bridesmaid.1 – – Brought a letter from Nan to Bake. He visited Mary. All were well there.

  1. This would be Dr. Henry William McRae Washington, 30, and Euphan (Fanny) Roy, 23. He was a native of Fauquier County. She, though born in Fredericksburg, grew up in Mathews County where they would reside. Fanny’s older sister Susan married Thomas Henry Carter of Pampatike. It is likely the wedding was held there.  (back)

Tuesday, 20 June, 1865

I never knew so much wet weather as this season hardly in all my life. It rains continually and this evening poured down in torrents. Bill had corn shelled for mill. I took a short nap while it was raining. Pigeo read to me. – – Bettie rubbed out some new wheat to toast. Coffee is still too high priced to use lavishly. I mended my gloves. The Lieut. rode to Mr. Spillers this morning on Shakespeare to send letters by the McLaughlin’s to Baltimore. – – Frederick came in this morning and looked very much ashamed of his conduct, and said he was not in his right mind. Bill gave him a severe lecture. – – Had a row of snaps sowed by Tom this evening.

Monday, 19 June, 1865

Fine morning. Hardie was off to Richmond ½ past 3 o’clk. this morning. I sent up and had him waked at 2. – – Bill went about the wheat this morning. Hired 7 hands in addition to our own. Nearly finished the wheat today. Frederick went up to Walkerton for the meal, then went to plough, but ploughed very little before he took Tom and started for Richmond. So, we came to the conclusion upon hearing that, that the whole family would be off very soon. I felt really mortified. We had a terrible cloud this evening and Bill was detained quite late in the field. Ran the reaper as well as to have mowers. Were very late about supper tonight. Parky came in the dining room and had a long talk about Frederick’s course and we came to the conclusion that he had gone crazy. I think he is a good servant and means to do what is right. – – Liv fixed a box in the spring for milk, &c with a top and intends putting a lock on it. Bake and the Lieut. spent the morning at Oak Dale on horseback.1 Bake commenced taking the bitters Ju prescribed for her. I hope she will improve under them. – – I feel so unsettled and disturbed in mind. I am unfitted for any kind of work. – – And do very little except walking about and attending to outdoor affairs and household duties.

  1. Oak Dale, as you remember, is the home of Dr. Ju. It still stands across from the Courthouse on Highway 30.  (back)

Sunday, 18 June, 1865

A fine morning, but very warm. Camm and Larkin rode over and spent the morning. The Col. and sons left about eleven, were late getting to church. Bill, the Lieut., Bake, Zac and myself went in the carriage, and Bartlett to drive, to Zion; Pigeo and Liv in the buggy with Duroc to the Acquinton and dined at Robert Hill’s. Returned to supper. The rest of us returned to dinner. Parky cooked. Had a lamb killed this morning especially for the servants, reserved a quarter for dinner. Bake and the Lieut. take their usual walk, returned at twilight. Hardie remained at home. Intends going to Richmond tomorrow morning. Says he has a letter to write today. – – Bake wrote to Mary tonight. I fixed up a snack for Hardie to take with him. He has an idea of going to Danville before he returns. Loaned him $25 in greenbacks, and gave him $10 in gold of his money.

Saturday, 17 June, 1865

Quite a pretty morning, but we had a cloud with rain, thunder and lightning before dinner. Hardie rode Shakespeare to the C. H. Returned about 12 and said Ju told him the Col. and his two sons were to spend the day here. Willie Boykin informed him. They came after we had finished dinner. The rain kept them in the woods about 2 hours, they said. They remained all night. Had fine music. – – The boys ploughed this morning.

Friday, 16 June, 1865

Another rainy day. Very little is being done in the wheat field on account of rain. Jim and Frederick cut a little when the weather will permit. – – Bake promised to spend the day at Ju’s today, but the weather was too inclement for us to go. Sent Buck up for the bitters he made for her. Mag wrote a note by him, didn’t send the bitters.

Thursday, 15 June, 1865

The weather continues the same, very wet and cloudy all the time, with rain at intervals. – – Bake and the Lieut. returned this morning while I was in the garden having some weeding done, by myself and Tim. I am very much indisposed withall. Martha is sick and taking medicine and I have more to do than I have strength to perform. I find but little time to take any rest. – – Ju came by on his way home to go with the boys fishing. They caught many small perch. Ju took them home. They all returned from fishing after the rest of us had taken dinner. – – Had lemonade and plum cake for all this evening. Ju left before sunset. – – Promised to prescribe for Bake and Pigeo, who are looking badly. Nan has been quite sick. Was taken with a severe ague going to Richmond. Rose had one at the same time. I felt badly and retired immediately after supper. Left all the children up. Don’t think some of them slept more than an hour or two.

Wednesday, 14 June, 1865

The weather threatening all the time for rain. Notwithstanding, Bake and the Lieut. rode on horseback to Mrs. Hill’s to spend the day, by promise. – – I got in the loom to weave a little. My cloth gets on slowly. All my time is employed walking after the servants to get them to do any little thing. They gaze about, and waiting and attending to the sick ones. Found it necessary this morning to send for the Dr. to see Scott. Sent Frank for him. He soon came and prescribed for him. I walked with him up the quarters. Bill accompanied us. We took a walk to see the corn and oats. Ju thinks it a fine crop, if the right course is pursued with it. – – Hardie and Liv returned from Richmond about ten or eleven. Made some purchases, a hat and veil for Pigeo $9.50, shoes for Zac and Arledge, cheese, a doz. lemons, 2 gallons whiskey, smoking tobacco, &c. Liv treated himself to some few things. – – Sent Dr. Edwards a fine parcel potato plants by Albert Edwards.1 Zac and I drew them up. Liv, Hardie and Zac ploughed this evening.

  1. Albert Edwards makes his first appearance. He is the fourth son of Dr. Lemuel Edwards and turned 17 the previous March. Dr. Edwards would have twelve children by two wives over a 43 year time span.  (back)

Tuesday, 13 June, 1865

Fine morning. Bill engaged Pug Hill to plough today.1 He took off at dawn and remained the rest of the day. Zac ploughed with him. Bill rode away before dinner and remained till late. Took a snack at Larkin’s. – – Ju sent Isaiah down for more plants. I sent them enough to make up about 800.

  1. Ploughing would be very difficult for a 9 year-old. Pug is not likely the Alexander mentioned last week.  (back)

Monday, 12 June 1865

Quite a pleasant day. Bill went about the wheat this morning, two hired hands. Anxious for him to have had Zac to assist about the reaper, but I was anxious for him to go to church, as it was inconvenient for me to go. He was much pleased with the Dr.’s sermon. I sent a message to Cousin Tom requesting him if they found it necessary to raise something for the Dr., just to hand him the same amount for me that he gave him, and I would return it to him. – – Liv and Hardie went to Richmond this morning in the buggy, drove Duroc. Gave Hardie $20 to lag out.1 – – I walked up to the quarters this morning to see Scott and carry him medicine. Jim came while I was there, complaining right much. I gave him medicine and he soon went to the field. He is a good servant, well disposed and peaceable. – – The Lieut. went with Bill to the field after dinner. Zac went soon after. – – Sent Ju a basket of potato plants by Martha. She returned in good time to fix the table for dinner. – – The Lieut. returned about six and took Bake and Pigeo to walk.

  1. Caroline does indeed seem to write “lag out.” Check out her handwriting here. Sounds like modern slang. But it is at least 150 years old. Any comments or suggestions as to what Hardie was going to do with that $20?  (back)

Sunday, 11 June, 1865

Another fine day. I prepared dinner again today, in hopes of having the Dr. with us, but he was under a previous engagement to go to Hardin’s. He was unusually interesting today. The church was filled to overflowing. I should have gone to Hardin’s too, but for having company and feeling it my duty to come home. Hardie and the Lieut. dined there and returned to a supper. – – Old Uncle Oby left for Sandy Point to join his family this morning.1 Poor old fellow! I hope he will be taken care of. I think if we listen to the darkies it will not only take all the work to pay them, but we shall have to look for work ourselves to help raise enough. I do not think that some of them will be able to content themselves at all after a little while. They are so changeable. – – Have two or three patients, Tom, Scott and Iverson. Prepared powders for them to take once in two hours all day for dysentery. Got Bill to take Scott to the quarters. The old man has taken possession of Frank and refuses to let him come to the house ever since Friday. He is the greatest usurper I ever saw.

  1. Yes, we now know what was suspected. Oby’s family is at Sandy Point and that explains his frequent visits.  (back)

Saturday, 10 June, 1865

Fine morning, but cloudy and threatening for rain. Bill had some work done at the house before going to the wheat field. I gave out dinner and prepared for company. Bake and myself, Lieut. and Hardie went in the carriage to church, and Liv and Zac in the buggy. I am much disappointed in not having Dr. Thomas and others to return with us home, some misunderstanding on the part of Mrs. Edwards or myself prevented it. Logan Turner came with us. Had a fine shower on our return. Lieut. and Hardie started in the buggy before we did and got pretty wet. Zac and Logan with us. – – Dr. was very interesting today and promises to be more so tomorrow. We had a very good audience for a week day. He spoke from 2nd Peter, principally. – – Shirley applied for a pass to go elsewhere to work, wants higher wages than $60 pr. year. Cousin Tom furnished a little grog of wine for the church.1

  1. So many cousins. Perhaps later we can figure out this one.  (back)

Friday, 9 June, 1865

The weather is excessively warm. Bill is using the reaper today. Sallie Hill and Pug are here.1 Had a fine lamb killed this morning. – – Such uncertainty and irregularity in affairs it almost crazes me. The boys are all engaged in the field with Bill again today. They aid him very much, I believe, and all show at night when they return that they have not been idle. – – Made a plum cake today in anticipation of a visit from Dr. Thomas in company with Dr. Edwards family tomorrow.2 – – Scott continues about the same. Tom is sick also. Gave him tartar emetic. – – Bake and Pigeo walked to the wheat field this evening.

  1. The appearance of Sallie and Pug Hill together suggests both are members of the household headed by Fanny Hill. We met Sallie the 23rd of July last year. As that household appears in the 1860 US Census they must be “free” blacks, certainly associated in some way with the white Hill family. Only two young boys appear in that Census, William B., 1, and Alexander, 4. If Alexander is Pug, then he would be about 9. A further clue as to the identity of his family is that Sallie seems to have a younger sister, Harriet.  (back)
  2. Dr. Edwards is the “Cousin Lem” of Lanesville who also attends and occasionally speaks at Zion. Caroline wrote of him on 3 July last year.  (back)

Thursday, 8 June, 1865

Quite warm today. Commenced harvest. Duroc refused to work at the reaper, so Bill had to send for the mules. – – The Lieut., with the boys, were over there all day with Bill and assisted him about wheat. – – Pug Hill worked today.1 The boys all came home to dinner and returned again to the field. Bake’s quite sad today from some remark of Hardie’s. – – Commenced treating Scott for dysentery. He has been complaining several days. – – Patsy planted galivance galevance peas today I brought from Hill’s yesterday.2 I am to give them some another year. – – Planted a few beans also, left of planting last week.

  1. Pug is such a wonderful nickname I am sorry I cannot provide his given name. Suggestions from our readers are solicited.  (back)
  2. I have been unable so far to find any information about Galevance (galivance?) peas. Caroline’s spelling is very clear with the possible exception of the forth letter. Certainly she start the word with a g. But “calavance” is an old word used to several varieties of edible beans. In this case Caroline may have been planting garbanzo beans or chick-peas. Readers may wish to dig deeper.  (back)

Wednesday, 7 June, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Parky washed. I tried hard to get ready to ride up and see Rose, Bake and I, but made it too late to spend the morning and deferred it till evening. Bill’s getting the reaper ready to commence harvest tomorrow. – – I made a nice parcel Jumbles and ginger cakes today. Martha baked them.

Tuesday, 6 June, 1865

The weather is warm, but pleasant morning and evenings. It has been cloudy all day. The boys went fishing and caught a nice dish of perch. All returned to dinner. – – Zac ploughed today, and Bill, Liv and Hardie weeded two rows of peas a piece before they went fishing, and this evening Liv cultivated the watermelons. I am fond of industry and it is certainly gratifying to me to see the boys at work. – – I wove a little on my dress today. Have very few minutes to stay on the loom at a time. Logan brought Pigeo home from Mr. Winston’s party this morning to breakfast, arrived about 9 o’clk. He left after taking breakfast. Bake and the Lieut. Returned from their morning ride after we had finished breakfast and had just left the dining room when Pigeo and Logan came.

Monday, 5 June, 1865

Very warm again today. Liv and Hardie rode Willie Turner to the C.H. A meeting will take place there today, respecting some measures to be taken with regard to servants. – – I miss the children very much, Pigeo and Nan. Bill walked up sometime after the rest started and I walked to meet him late in the evening. – – Bake and the Lieut. take a walk every evening. Sometimes make it dark before they return. She seems to have found feelings and sentiments congenial with her own.

Sunday, 4 June, 1865

Another warm day. Hardie and Lieut. Arledge went in the buggy, and Liv and Zac on horseback to Acquinton. The too latter returned to dinner and the others spent the afternoon at Mrs. Hill’s. All returned to supper and Willie Turner with them. I went in the carriage alone to Ju’s. Bake and Bill remained at home. – – An appointment was made for Dr. Thomas to preach next Saturday and Sunday.1 I am so much delighted to hear it.

  1. This is the first appearance of Dr. John Thomas in Caroline’s Journal. He was mentioned in a footnote on 4 June, 1864. Dr. Thomas will write of his visit to King William in the English publication, The Ambassador of the Coming Age, No. 16, Vol. II, October, 1865. He also supplied the reader with a thumbnail version of his message to the faithful there.  (back)

Saturday, 3 June, 1865

The weather is exceedingly warm. The boys, with Lieut. Arledge, made an awning for the boat and went fishing, returned to dinner. After dinner, Bake and I, with Hardie and Liv on horseback, went up to see little Louie interred. He was the sweetest looking little thing I ever beheld. – – Logan Turner came in a buggy for Pigeo to take her up to Mr. Winston’s. They started just before we did. – – Left the Lieut. to take care of the house, as he was asleep. Bake and I commenced taking quinine bitters. I hope they will improve her. She is so very thin and delicate.1  She and the Lieut. walked to the cherry tree and got a little bucket full. They take a ride in the morning and walk every evening. I think she aught to improve under the treatment.

  1. A reminder that Woodberry is again in malarial season. Between 27 September last and the first of May Caroline mentioned the word chill but once. And that was on 17 January in connection with the cold temperature. As summer progresses so will illness, and Caroline’s attempts to ease the suffering.  (back)