Monday, 31 July, 1865

A delightfully pleasant morning. Hardie and Zac went out to kill some ducks for Ju, who expects Mrs. Hill’s family to dine with him today. He killed five. I sent them a mess of peas, ⅓ doz. glasses and ⅓ doz. tablespoons up by Tom, who will remain till after dinner. Buck had a chill this morning. – – Gave Bettie tartar. – – Bill finished the wheat this morning. I loaned part of the machine to Camm Garrett. – – The ditchers came to buy more provisions, 3 lbs. meat, ½ doz. herrings and two pecks meal. – – I am in bed pretty much all day. Am feeling very feeble. I have determined to study my Bible more than I have been in the habit of doing. We are admonished therein to search the scriptures because in them we have eternal life and without a diligent search we may be unable to find it. – – Dellah is doing some sewing in her house today in order to attend to Bennie, who is sick. Bill commenced fallowing for wheat today, Frederick, Corbin and Jim. Bake finished off trimming a beautiful mourning dress, second mourning one she had before the war.

Sunday, July 30, 1865

Some little rain this again morning. Zac attended church. Was so unlikely I didn’t send the basket. & more than that, I had no one to send it by. Pigeo & I are in bed all day. Stanly and William Gregory left with Zac.

Saturday, 29 July, 1865

An excessively warm day again. Pigeo has had a fever all day. – – Martha got dinner today, Parky ironed. I ironed some little things in the passage and got very warm. Logan Turner came this evening expecting to take Pigeo up to Mr. Winston’s, but was very much disappointed finding her sick. William Gregory and Stanley Neale came shortly after, the former to see about his buggy, broken here yesterday. Zac took it up to Mr. Houchings’ to mend (i.e. one of the wheels) by promise yesterday, but he said he would be unable to mend it till next week. – – Had a cloud and a beautiful rain this evening and continued through the night. From some cause or other, I did not sleep and heard the rain all night. I omitted to say Hardie, Pigeo and I took medicine tonight.

Friday, 28 July, 1865

Very warm again today. Parky washed. I washed some little things myself and starched them in the chamber. Pigeo did up a muslin body and while she was about it, I think she must have had a slight chill from her having a rise of fever late in the evening. – – Bake and Hardie arrived in Fendall’s buggy about 12 o’clk. A servant came on another horse to take the buggy back. Bake wrote a note to Fendall returning thanks, also sent Hardie’s photograph album for them all to see.

Thursday, 27 July, 1865

An exceedingly warm day again. I had some fowls broiled and bread baked to take along with us to the church. Carried a ham also. Hardie drove the carriage with Bake, Zac and myself. Pigeo went in the buggy with William Gregory. We reached there about 12, were very much pleased. The Col. exerted himself a great deal on the occasion and conducted everything admirably and all passed off pleasantly. The boys and young men acquitted themselves well. Zac performed better than I was afraid he would, having chills this morning. Had eaten nothing at all and looked feeble and debilitated. – – Bill is at home alone attending to the wheat. I was anxious for him to have gone, but he preferred duty to pleasure, and remained at home. Bake and Hardie went in the carriage with Bettie Rosser and Sallie Winston to the Piping Tree, through their earnest persuasion to spend the night.1 – – Pigeo spent the evening at Dr. Lewis’ and returned in company with William Gregory to supper. – – I was detained in the front porch right long looking for the key of the door. Buck dropped fanning from the barn. Had to make Tom get in at the dining room window and open the other door.

  1. We met Mrs. Betty [Winston] Rosser at Piping Tree on 6 February of this year. Today we are introduced to her younger sister, Sarah (Sallie) Madison Winston, 17.  (back)

Wednesday, 26 July, 1865

Intensely warm. Bill’s having the wheat fanned up. Commenced threshing this evening. – – Hardie and Willie went fishing. Zac rode to Mr. Spillers to rehearse his speech to the Col.1 He returned to dinner and got some running cedar and bough to take to the Acquinton Church to decorate for the speechifying and exhibition. Alice and Willie left about 6. – – William Gregory came this evening in a buggy to take Pigeo to the exhibition tomorrow.

  1. This confirms speculation on 8 September last that Col. McLaughlin is living with the Spillers.  (back)

Tuesday, 25 July, 1865

Quite warm. I arose quite early and went out about the fowls. Went to the office to see Frederick, but all were asleep in there and I did not arouse them. Though Frederick pretended to be sick. He came in with a great deal of presumption and accosted me for giving nary a slight correction for a misdemeanor. I exercised a good deal of patience with him and reasoned with him on the necessity of training children properly. The creatures scarcely know what to do with themselves. The idea of being set free has made them forget that the white people used to be free too and aught to know how to treat them. – – Ju walked down and spent the day. Sent Buck with him when he started to carry a bucket of butter. He sent me some tomatoes by the boy. – – Bill engaged two men to ditch today. Furnished them four pounds meat and ½ doz. herring and meal. I don’t know how much.1 – – Finished hemming Bake’s skirt and paged my apron and commenced the 2 things. – – Bill’s machining. – – Willie Turner and Alice Hill came this morning to spend the night and tomorrow.2

  1. According to Henry Gregory, who lives at Woodbury – and whose grandfather owned and lived there – these ditches served no practical drainage function. They were on “high ground” and used to demarcate Woodbury’s property lines. During a recent visit I found them still quite visible in many places. As we will learn in a few weeks, the ditchers will cut almost half a mile. In the 1860 U.S. King William Census Ben and Alfred Fortune, likely brothers, are listed under Occupation as “Ditchers.” Unfortunately Caroline will not name these men who ditched at Woodbury.  (back)
  2. Readers will remember that Willie and Alice [Turner] Hill are siblings.  (back)

Monday, 24 July, 1865

A very pleasant day. We necessarily make it late commencing about machining. Hired Corbin this morning. Frederick is sick, gave him tartar emetic. – – Hardie had a chill before dinner. Thinks he had a slight one yesterday. Zac returned from Mount Hope about 12, where he went yesterday evening. Heard at the C. H. France has declared war against the United States. – – Bill went to the C. H. to court after dinner. Hardie and Zac attended to the machine. Gave him $25 in green backs. – – I made an underskirt for Bake. After dinner, Pigeo, Martha and I peeled some pears to dry.

Sunday, 23 July, 1865

Quite a pretty day. Bake, Bill and Liv remained at home, and Zac drove Pigeo and myself to Church. – – Cousin Lem was unwell and didn’t attend. Hardin conducted. – – We all returned to dinner. Liv started away after dinner. I wrote a short letter to Mary, and Bake wrote a P.S. Sent her some cake and nuts.

Saturday, 22 July, 1865

Quite as warm as it was yesterday. I expected the children to breakfast, but they came about 7 or 8 o’clk., having spent a delightful time there. Hardie and William Gregory brought me a nice parcel of cake, and I really enjoyed it. All hands went to sleep, except Hardie, who took something to eat and tried to take his Uncle Hill’s wagon home, but couldn’t possibly keep his eyes open long enough to start with it. So, he turned Duroc loose to graze in the yard and concluded to sleep some first. Bill commenced machining about 12. Had an early dinner and had them all waked up to dinner, but Bake and Pigeo couldn’t possibly get down to dinner. After we had finished, I went up in their room and sent Martha down for something for them. William left without seeing them, about six o’clk. Hardie took Hill’s wagon home. He only charged him $.25 for it and that was merely to keep his word. Liv speaks of starting to Mary’s one o’clk. tonight. Put up a snack for that purpose. He rode a mule down. – – Zac attended to the machine and Bill went to Walkerton Mill.

Friday, 21 July, 1865

Another excessively warm day. Liv arrived from Richmond at ten o’clk. to attend the Cotillion party this evening at Oak Spring. As far as Bake, Pigeo and Zac are concerned, I would prefer their being in bed sick for the time being. I am altogether opposed to their going. Still, I permitted them to go. Don’t know whether I was right or wrong. I am often in a _?_ and know not how to act.1 If Christians can’t let go the world and renounce it with its pleasures, why make any pretense about it? We unquestionably do believe ourselves. We are told that if we lower the world the love of the Father is not in us. Oh! children why will you hazard your hopes of heaven? Will you lacerate and wound afresh the bleeding side of your savior? I trample under foot the son of God. I fear and tremble when I think of it, how many have fallen unclaimed and yet there is room for more. Oh! that the Lord may forgive you and open your eyes to see where you are is my prayer. – – Liv brought a beautiful pair of high heel slippers and hoop skirt for Pigeo, $2 for the skirt and 3 for the shoes. William Gregory came to dinner. Failed to get a buggy to take Pigeo to the party, so they sent Zac up to hire Hill’s wagon and all except Bill (who was busy machining) left at six o’clk. Bill had a lamb killed this morning. I had a nice quarter prepared, some wild ducks, loaf bread and rolls, for them to take along in wagon. Zac and Liv drove Duroc to the buggy. Bake, Pigeo, Hardie and William Gregory in the wagon. – – -Bill and I had quite a quiet night and I retired at eleven after reading and writing. Slept pleasantly. – – – – – – – – – – – – $95.2

  1. If you would like to look at the unknown word and decipher for us, click here.UPDATE: We have two votes for “tizzy.”  (back)
  2. No idea why after the word pleasantly there is a line of dashes across the page to the “$95.” Caroline is writing in an old ledger turned upside down. There are frequent numerical notations. But the dashes run directly from her last word across the page to the number. The ink and handwriting are the same. She wrote it. But why?  (back)

Thursday, 20 July, 1865

Excessively warm today. Bill has gotten ready to commence machining. Parky ironed today. The rest of the hands are at the barn about the wheat. Pigeo has finished off her Swiss muslin body and turned the skirt of her dress. Bake’s busy about a gown. – – I sent Tom up to see how Hill is and sent a wild duck and some nice biscuits. He missed his chill this evening. Ju is attending him. – – Hardie and Zac went out and killed four wild ducks this morning. They are very nice.

Wednesday, 19 July, 1865

Bill came in just before day and informed me his Uncle Hill is very ill. Ju sitting up with him. Had the 2nd congestion chill. Request I go up after an early breakfast to see him. I have the highest respect for him. Believe him to be a Christian. He is better this evening, hope he will not have another chill. – – Hardie and Bake went to Oak Spring to assist in decorating the house for their “Picnic”.1 They met with a good many young persons there and spent the day pleasantly. I am sorry Bake and Pigeo, as well as Zac, have a desire to go, as it will be a dancing party and I think Christians should not participate in such pleasures, but possess more self-denial and decision of character. I do not approve of it, though under some circumstances I have tolerated it. My heart aches when I see so much indifference manifested to the things of God and eternity.

  1. Oak Spring, near the Pamunkey south of Chericoke is the home of Dr. William P. Braxton, wife Virginia, and a son and two daughters.  (back)

Tuesday, 18 July, 1865

A very fine day. Bill had rutabagas planted this morning. Went on by the patch as he went to the C. H. to the election. The Yankee’s are expected there today to control the election. Uncle Bartlett went up to see them after they finished the turnips, but was disappointed of not seeing them. – – I gave Bill $20 in silver when he went to the C. H. to pay for labor. – – I made blackberry wine today. Martha squeezed them. Hardie and the chaps gathered them yesterday. Zac went to the schoolhouse to see about his speech. Hardie walked to the C. H. and returned to dinner. Did not vote. Bill kept in polls.

Monday, 17 July, 1865

Another rainy day. I don’t remember when we had a fair day. The earth is saturated with water. – – Hardie came from Mrs. Hill’s this morning. I am at work on a coarse under-skirt this morning. – – I am very much pleased with the work I am reading (Cumming on the End).1 I employ more of my time reading now than I ever did and mean to employ still more. I have worked for naught long enough that I will give more of my time now to the study of the Bible and other profitable reading, which I have too much neglected hitherto. Thought I was doing right, but upon close examination I find I have been doing injustice to myself.

  1. Probably The End: or The Proximate Signs of the Close of This Dispensation (1855).  (back)

Sunday, 16 July, 1865

The weather much warmer. The Col. accompanied us to Zion today. Only Bill remained at home. We all returned to dinner, except Hardie, who went to Mrs. Hill’s. The Col. went home. We called by Ju’s for Mag and took her down to church. We had a good audience today. Zac drove, Frederick hitched the horses. – – Had considerable quantity of rain this morning.

Saturday, 15 July, 1865

Still cool and pleasant. Bill commenced hauling wheat today. Jim turned out two loads coming down the hill. – – Liv started to Richmond this morning. Gave him a memorandum for hoop skirt for Pigeo and cream of tartar. Bake and Pigeo both at work on chemise. I read a good deal in Dr. Cumming’s lectures on the end, aloud while they worked. – – Col. McLaughlin came after dinner to spend the night and to assist Zac in getting his speech ready for the exhibition on the 27th at Acquinton. He rode to the academy yesterday after writing it off.

Friday, 14 July, 1865

Quite cool today. Liv arrived from Richmond just as we were about to start to see Rose, who has been sick several days. He brought me a letter from Nannie. – – Pigeo and I started at nine to Hill’s. Found Rose much better, well enough to meet me in the yard. We spent a pleasant day. Found Aunt Milly there and two young ladies from Henrico.1 – – We returned by Ju’s and home to supper. Met Liv on his Yankee horse on his way to Brett Lipscomb’s. He returned about 1 o’clk. – – Hardie and Zac left in the buggy at dark to take a chubbing touch at Custis Mill well.2

  1. Aunt Millie appears only once; she is unidentified.  (back)
  2. I am baffeled at “chubbing touch at Custis Mill well.” “..well could be “will.” Here is a link to the text. Any suggestions?  (back)

Thursday, 13 July, 1865

Another cloudy day and threatening for rain. Parky went out today. Been sick ever since Sunday. Rode Fannie to the C. H. to collect some money to pay hired hands. – – Hardie and Zac started early to Walkerton Mill fishing. Returned through the rain about sunset. Caught but few fish. – – I cut out some things for Bake, two pair linen drawers among them. Cut a linen apron for myself.

Wednesday, 12 July, 1865

Weather about the same order, cloudy and rainy. Jim Hill came to spend the day.1 Reminded me of old times. Bake played a good deal for him. – – I ran the seams of another flannel skirt for Bake. She worked a nice piece on her band. – – Dellah commenced weaving Jeans. Gets along very slowly though. Bettie twisted some fine sewing cotton. – – Finished oats today. Dandridge and Corbin out again today, with Frederick and Jim. Pigeo’s whipping on some edge on a ruffle for Bake. We are assisting her all we can about her work. I took a walk with her to the turn this evening after Jim Hill left. We enter into each other’s feelings and sympathies, and derive comfort from the right source. We seek it in God’s work, where we are taught we shall not seek in vain or for naught.

  1. Jim, likely a James Hill, seems from her comments to be an old friend and contemporary of Caroline. However there are no James Hills in the King William records who would meet this criteria. There is a James Hill living in Caroline County in 1860 close enough to King William so that his post office is Mangohick. He would be 55 in 1865, Caroline’s age. Any Hill family historians with a suggestion please respond.  (back)

Tuesday, 11 July, 1865

I never knew as wet a season in my life as we have had this summer. It rains every day. Could do nothing with oats yesterday, though Corbin was here with that expectation. – – He and Dandridge are cutting oats today. Jim and Frederick also. – – Dellah wove a little this morning then took Patsy’s place in the oat field when she went about dinner, and Patsy spun mixed wool in the evening. – – I finished repairing Zac’s cloth coat today and did various things in the way of jobbing. Gathered a fine basket of muskmelons for Mary and Pigeo, and I prepared them for brine. – – Bill and Hardie went to Erin for apples. – – Pigeo finished her calico dress today. She thinks her health is improving a little, but I see very little change. Bake’s doing some beautiful work for another chemise. Does it with so much dispatch. – – Zac rode to Col. Carter’s to see about new leather.1 It is not ready yet. They promised to send it to the C. H. on the day of the election, 1st this month.

  1. On 28 January Caroline wrote, “ Wrote a note by W on a mule to Mrs. Carter suspecting respecting my _?_, received an answer after dark when he returned.” The damaged text looks enough like “leather” so that combined with this entry I believe we can be confident of the word. Col. Carter’s is Pampatike, home of Thomas Henry Carter and his wife, the former Susan Roy.  (back)

Monday, 10 July, 1865

A cloudy, rainy day. Had a basket peas gathered and sent Ju some, and some rutabaga seed by Buck. Received a note from Mary saying Isaiah had left. – – Patsy came in and spun on the mix for the cloth Dellah’s weaving. – – Had my molasses boiled over in the kitchen. – – Parky’s sick with chills. – – Uncle Bartlett is better, been sick some time. Beck milked this morning and evening. – – I am repairing a cloth coat for Zac. Bake finished off another chemise and commenced one of the same kind. She works so beautifully and is so industrious. Emmett Quarles came by to cross the river on his way home.1 – – Hardie and Zac went fishing and shooting. Killed a duck and caught a very large perch. – – Bettie and Tom got some walnut leaves for dying black. Had ¾ pound put in dye. – – Pigeo’s taking cream of tarter and iron. I furnish both myself. – – Too wet to do any kind of work out. Corbin took meals here today.

  1. An Emmett Quarles appears in the 1850 KW US Census as 27 and living with physician William G. Pollard and his family at Edge Hill. His occupation is “Manager.” Captain Pollard would die at Antietam. So in 1865 Quarles would be about 42 and from the text it appears he is living in King & Queen County. No other information about a likely Emmett Quarles has come to hand. Of course, Woodbury is the old Quarles family estate.  (back)

Sunday, 9 July, 1865

Quite a pretty morning. Attended Zion, Bake, Zac and myself. The latter drove the carriage. William Gregory went on with us. – – We called by Ju’s to dinner and were caught in a cloud and staid till nearly night. Hardin rode Fannie to Colosse and dined at Mrs. Lewis’, and took tea at Mrs. Hill’s and reached home at a late hour. – – Zac commenced reading Dr. Cumming on the proximate signs of the close of this dispensation. – – Parky taken sick today. I am the only physician. Claim all the fees myself.

Saturday, 8 July, 1865

Another very warm day. Engaged Corbin to assist Jim and Frederick cutting oats.1 Dellah’s getting on tolerably well weaving. – – Uncle Bartlett is a little better today. – – Mr. Rock left after breakfast and Hardie about the same time to call at several places, and Liv is among the rest. Gave him $5 to subscribe to the Picnic. Hemmed and tacked Bake’s flannel today, and quilled some braid for her to make a head dress for Mrs. Edwards. – – I’m improving some in health and spirits, but can’t help feeling very sad at times. Mrs. Lipscomb came this evening to get something for her son who is sick. Attended to her wants and fixed up some medicine for him, and gave her instructions about giving it. – – Gave Pigeo cream of tartar this evening. – – I wrote to Nannie this morning by Mr. Rock, who is on his way to Richmond. William Gregory came with Hardie from D. Lewis at 12 o’clk.

  1. Caroline’s spelling in this entry of the Journal is Corban. But this is certainly the Corbin Braxton who married Dellah at Woodbury last December 27th. For some reason Caroline will alternate the spellings Corbin / Corban. To eliminate reader confusion I will keep the spellings consistent, Corbin.  (back)

Friday, 7 July, 1865

Excessively warm today. Frank went up for Dr. Ju to see his daddy, who is sick with dysentery. He prescribed for him and left. Gave him a large chub and a dish of field peas. – – Commenced cutting oats today. Jim and Frederick, Patsy and Buck banded. – – Mr. Rock came to dinner.1 – – I made a flannel skirt for Bake. – – She is about another chemise. – – I am inclined to think Pigeo’s dropsical, she is so fat, and I wrote to Ju this evening respecting it, wishing to ascertain whether it would not be well to give her cream tartar. Zac and herself called on Lu Lipscomb and staid till 12 o’clk. – – Cut out ½ doz. towels for Bettie to hem, but she slept instead of hemming them.

  1. This Mr. Rock is unknown. Could this be one of the Rock Brothers who visited 16 April, 1865? Rock is a common surname in Hanover and Caroline Counties, but not in King William.  (back)

Thursday, 6 July, 1865

Pleasant morning, had a shower or two. Too unlikely to rain. Had starching done this evening. – – Cut out my soap and gave Patsy a good piece. She is always true and faithful. – – My spirits are much depressed at times and it’s always pleasant to be with her. – – I hope we may never be separated. William James left after breakfast, and Hardie in company with him to call on some young ladies. Left about eleven. Bill rode out to see about getting some hands to commence cutting oats, but did not succeed. – – Gave Parky and Bettie ½ the day. Bake took down parlor curtains and evergreens. Martha put the chamber closet to rights. – – Cut out the body of Pigeo’s dress this evening after repairing Hardie’s blue pants. Bake finished off another worked chemise today. – – I had some beer made. – – Dellah came in to weave on my cloth. Martha cleaned the smoke house up today and had the soap put in there. – – Got Bill to take charge of my books and keep my money matters straight. I am heartily tired of it. – – Zac took Bake out on the river and she would insist on my going with them.

Wednesday, 5 July, 1865

Excessively hot today. Liv started early this morning to Richmond. Employed two boys to drive the two cows over he purchased for Mary. Gave $110 for them, with two calves, and nothing more than ordinary cows, and he hadn’t enough money to pay for them. Gave a due bill for a small amount. I loaned him 4 dollars. – – Bill and Hardie and Zac went to Walkerton Mill fishing for chub. Caught a nice parcel. Returned to supper. – – Mrs. Camm and Larkin Garrett spent the evening here and returned after tea. – – William James Turner came just as supper was ready and remained all night.1 – – Cut out for Bake today one gown and underskirt, and two chemise, also two flannel underskirts. Martha washed a piece of bleached cotton and Bettie ironed it, after weeding a walk in the garden, and this evening cleaned the front room floor. – – Patsy made two pots of soap today. It only wanted boiling and adding salt.

  1. William James Turner we have already met as Willie.  (back)

Tuesday, 4 July, 1865

Quite pleasant today. The boys, except Liv, went fishing, which was the way they celebrated the old fourth. How unlike the days of yore. Liv rode his Yankee horse away on business. I am right much indisposed still and I declare the boys do annoy and worry me so much. They make me say sometimes without meaning it that I had rather the war should be going on just to get rid of them. They all came to dinner. Had three wild ducks for dinner, and nice dish of perch they caught yesterday. I did not go down to dinner. Can’t take any exercise scarcely, am so weak and feeble. Never ever so much weakened from so trivial a cause. – – Parky is sick this morning. Finished the washing she commenced yesterday.