Passed the night quite restlessly. Sent for Bake just before day, who gave me a cup of ginger tea, which relieved me a good deal. She requested me to send for her before she retired if I felt worse during the night. I think she gave me rather too much medicine. – – I am feeling rather better today, I think, but very weak and feeble. – – Bake and Pigeo went down and fixed up an elegant snack of most everything nice and took it up in her room and all went up and enjoyed it finely. Bill came in just as the waiter returned and participated alone.
I arose this morning (feeling somewhat better) and had breakfast. Bake and the Lieut. confine themselves mostly to their own room and begin to look quite domestic, in the full enjoyment (they say) of domestic bliss and perfect happiness, but they must remember it will not be without its alloy. We sat in their room with them sometime between breakfast and dinner, and she was busying herself to find something of the Lieut’s to put a few stitches in. Took her seat in the corner and went to work to repair a little rip he had made in hunting. Excused herself by saying a stitch in time would save nine.
A fine day, and I have anxiously waited to hear from home. Not feeling well enough to attend Church when the carriage came, it passed on. Sent my wrapping out for one of them. They returned for me and I went in the carriage home to dinner and tried to feel well enough to sit up, but not without a very great struggle. Found Nan in bed, who had a chill this morning. Bill and Zac were left to keep house. The latter I found suffering very much with neuralgia from riding late last night. His eyes very much affected, but he deserves it for not coming for me early in the evening as I requested him (“obedience is better than sacrifice”).1 – – On reaching home, found that Frederick had returned for his family. Carried all except Parky and two youngest children, who will remain a few days longer.
- “And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.” 1 Samuel 15:22, KJV (back)
Quite a pretty day after the fine rain yesterday evening and last night about eleven. All, i.e. as many as the carriage could hold, got ready to dine with Mrs. Hill. I got out at the C. H. to spend the day with Ju, who is quite sick and I’ve not been able to go to see him yet. I went into Patrick Slaughter’s store for the first time to return 5 pounds sugar. (He owes me a dollar.) I then walked over to Ju’s to see him and met with Rose and Hill, who soon left. After dinner, I was taken with a high fever which lasted me nearly all night. Ju would make me to lie on the bed by him, thinking the carriage would be late returning. I requested Zac when I left to come up in the buggy for me early, but he failed to do so. I suppose it was 7 or 8 o’clk. when he got there, and of course had to return alone. Met the carriage when he came up. – – Ju seems to revive a good deal since I got here. – – I’ve certainly enjoyed lemonade today. – – Sold Ju two pounds butter @ $.60 per pound.
Weather still fine. I am too much indisposed to go to breakfast. Frederick got into one of his humors this morning and asked Bill for a discharge. He discharged him forthwith. – – Zac has been in bed ever since Tuesday. Gave him tartar emetic that day and he dressed himself to see Bake married and has been sick ever since from violent cold and neuralgia. I am too feeble to go up and down stairs to see how he is. – – Sat at table to dinner, but feeling badly all the time. – – Had sponge cake, custard and wine for dinner. All seemed to enjoy themselves very much. Bake’s room seems to be a specimen of romantic bliss. The Lieut. frequently invites us all in to sit. – – By invitation, we are all to dine at Mrs. Hill’s tomorrow. – – Sold Mrs. Lewis 3 bushels wheat @ $3. per bushel yesterday evening. Roland came for it. – – Also sold Larkin 1
- As with the 25 October entry the sentence just ends with a small space between there and the next entry. It is as if Caroline was distracted and meant to return, but didn’t. (back)
A fine morning. After breakfast Mrs. Brumley and Hal left, and the Lieut. and Bake took a ride on horseback with them as far as Ju’s to see him. Found him very sick. Sent for me by them to come up, but I am too much indisposed myself to go. – – They returned to dinner. Late dinner again, and no supper. All sat at tables so long and ate so heartily, they wanted no supper and I retired early. The Lieut. invited Hardie and the children to sit in his room till bedtime. – – Patsy washed today. She is a good and faithful servant and always true to her trust. – – Parky attends exclusively to Bake’s room and is quite attentive to her wishes. – – My health is so feeble that I cannot discharge my duties as I have been in the habit of doing, which mortifies me so much.
The weather continues good. I awoke at day and found Mr. Carroway up and waiting for his coffee, which he requested me to have for him the night before, as he would be unable to remain to breakfast. Had a very nice breakfast ready ½ past nine o’clk. The old Col. sent by Hal to request me to have some coffee for him that he would have to leave before breakfast, but I sent him word that the only way he could get coffee would be to remain to breakfast. He did so. – – All, excepting some eight or ten, left after breakfast. Hal had a severe chill and had to go to bed and take medicine. Mrs. Brumley is a great nurse. – – We had late dinner and all preferred retiring without supper. I laid down to take a nap and do not believe I should have waked before day, but for Mrs. Brumley, who was sitting up with Hal. – – Mag left this morning. Was uneasy about Ju, who was taken sick Tuesday at court and could not attend Bake’s marriage. – – Corbin left this morning. I paid him 57 cents too much, could not make the change.
A very pretty morning. Bake is in quite a glee today. Seems as happy as a lark. Mrs. Brumley did some little finishing touches to her room and after dinner assisted me about fixing the table. Mag came about ten o’clk. Brought a pitcher of jelly. – – Mr. Carraway arrived early after dinner. The rest of the company met before seven o’clk. They were married at eight, a very beautiful and imposing ceremony. A pretty sized company. All enjoyed themselves. Most of them remained all night. Mrs. Brumley and I slept in the front chamber. Mag, Stuart and Nannie slept in the back chamber. Susan and Elizabeth took a chair a piece and would not retire, it was so near day. I believe they danced till about 3 or 4 o’clk. The bride retired about 2. I went to her room and sent for her. Alice, Hal and myself were the only ones with her. – – (Bill finished sowing wheat today, ninety-three bushels.) After altering herself for her chamber and performing her regular duties, which I have never known her fail to do, she hid herself in bed. A more pure and spotless bride never blessed a husband, who is every way deserving of such a one. I am proud to call him son, yet I would not boast for human nature is so frail. – – I then showed Alice and Hal their room and came on down, and told Susan to 1
- The sentence just ends. There is a blank space with room for another two or three lines after the last sentence and before the next entry. (back)
The weather fine still. – – Sent Zac for Mrs. Brumley and borrowed some things.1 They soon arrived and we went about the jelly immediately, and made two kettles of beautiful jelly. She went down to take a snack, but took dinner in the chamber, supper also. – – Bill bought 2 gallons fine oysters today. Sent up some raw ones to Bake and her Lieut. They enjoyed them very much. Liv arrived tonight about eleven o’clk. A letter from Mary, and one from Cora, & Miller Christian.2 I went down to give Liv some supper, but he was right much indisposed and could not eat. – – Sent Frederick with a bag of potatoes to Mrs. Tebbs to exchange for apples. He took them on George to hitch to Ju’s tumbrel at the C. H., and to go to several other places, Mrs. Hill’s and Hardin’s, and to call at the store for a carboy of whiskey. – – Killed and butchered a fine mutton before he went and a pig after he returned. – – Pigeo put up curtains in both chambers today. – – Nan finished off her new dress and made it fit beautifully. Mrs. Brumley set on hooks and eyes, and sewed the sleeves for her. – – Patsy cooked the saddle of mutton after dinner.
- This Hal Brumley’s mother, Mary Burnet [Hill] Brumley. See 15 July, 1864 for details. (back)
- It is likely the first letter is from Mary Hanes, Caroline’s eldest daughter, and second from her neighbor Cora Power who we met 4 October. I have been unable to positively identify Miller Christian. The family name Christian is more common in Hanover, Caroline, and New Kent counties than in King William. There is a chance the writer is Marion, Ohio resident Dr. John Miller Christian (1821-1882) who was born in New Kent County and seems to have had attended Rumford Academy just up the road from Woodbury. (back)
Quite a pretty day. Nan and I, Lieut. and Hardie went in the carriage to Church. Thomas drove. Met Mag and Stuart on their way down. Ju came to dinner also. He and Mag left about sunset. – – Cousin Lem was uncommonly interesting today. spoke from the 3rd of Genesis and other parables on corresponding passages, subject the “Creation of Man.” Hardie and Lieut. were very much pleased with the sermon. – – Zac returned to supper. – – Mr. Carraway will be in attendance to perform the ceremony. When we returned from church, found Bake busy in the dining room with Martha making potato pies, but I stopped her. Told her they would be too late and as in all other things, she yielded immediately, and a very good dinner was soon ready. Pigeo and herself were housekeepers.
Quite a pretty day again. Hardie and Zac, with my instructions, cut out the beef. – – Patsy and Martha salted it away. Sent a piece to Mrs. Camm and Larkin Garrett, and a piece to Mrs. Lipscomb, by Tom. – – Zac spent the night at the Grove in order to make an early start in the morning for Mr. Carraway, the Episcopal Minister.1 – – Hardie and the Lieut. walked out, the latter took dinner at Ju’s. Hardie returned to dinner. – – Pigeo finished her muslin dress and Nan made the sleeves of hers. – – I discharged Margaret this morning, not having anything for her to do and could not afford to hire her for nothing, but promised to employ her when I had work. Bake is at work on her black silk dress, industrious child.
- This is likely Rev. Mr. George S. Carroway, rector of Immanuel Episcopal Church in Old Church, Hanover County. It is likely there was no resident Episcopal minister in King William County. (back)
A lovely day. Susan and Elizabeth came this morning to make some cake for Bake’s wedding. I only intend having a small company. My health, Nannie and Pigeo’s being sick, and the situation of affairs forbid anything else. – – Bill had an elegant beef killed this morning. – – Seeded in all about 65 bushels wheat. – – For fear I may forget how those girls make cake, I will write the recipe here. I am so much pleased with the way they make it. One pound of sugar and 12 oz. butter beaten together in a tray. Then add 9 eggs beaten together in a bowl and then 18 oz. flour, all beaten together. Then a cup of buttermilk and a teaspoonful of soda. They left after looking at some of Bake’s things. – – Sent Mrs. Cobb some little things by them. She is sick and destitute of the necessaries of life. Gave them a piece of beef.1 – – Sent for Ju to take out Bake’s tooth. She suffers so much with it. It is a great relief to her. She took a nap after it and then could go about the house some. – – I am feeling badly today. Didn’t go to dinner. Nannie missed her chill. – – Pigeo’s improving. – – Bake received a letter from Cousin Lem today on a particular subject.
- This could have been one of two Mrs. Cobb’s. Mary Cobb was loaned a horse for plowing on 13 April. There was also Martha Cobb, widow of James Cobb and mother of James, Jr., likely the “Little Cobb” who ploughed for her at Woodbury on 17 June, 1864. Both seem to live nearby. (back)
Quite windy today. Hardie took the Lieut. to the C.H. on business. Took out his license. – – Hal left about ten. Beverly came to dinner and will spend the night. – – Hardie and Lieut. dined at Ju’s, returned to supper. – – Sent Frederick to request Susan Finch to come and assist me about making cake.1 Sent word she would be her(e) tomorrow. – – It has been very windy today, too much so to sow wheat. Bill sent 12 bushels wheat to Robin’s Mill today by Jim, returned at dark. Got beautiful flour. Hardie went out and had it put in the smoke house. Had some corn gathered and shucked today for hogs. – – Tom shelled off a tumbrel load of husks and he and Thomas brought them to the house. Bettie assisted Martha in bringing them to the house. She is here sick, left Mrs. McGeorge’s. – – Bake was taken with a dreadful toothache about bedtime, and lasted her all night. Had the neuralgia in her shoulder withall. Pigeo and I rubbed it for her before retiring. She suffers intensely. – – Lieut. brought a beautiful present a piece for Bake and Pigeo of the loveliest pin cushion I ever beheld. – – One purchased at Niagara Falls and the other from Canada, and a pair of white kid gloves a piece and a pair for Hardie.
- The 1850 US Census for King William shows Susan Finch, then 24, living in a household headed by John C. Trimyer. John C. is a carpenter, age 44, presumed to be White. (The 1862 KW PP tax roll shows his middle name as Camm.) The listing directly below shows Betsy Trimyer, 36. She is listed as Black. The nine other members of the household, including Susan, are listed as mulatto. These include seven who are listed under John and Betsy, likely their children. They range in age from 18 to 6 months. Listed under the toddler is Caroline Custalow, 60. She is followed by Susan and then John A. Finch, 1. John appears in the 1860 census as well, in a much smaller household, just him and Betty and three children. No listing is found for Susan in 1860. But we know from Caroline she is living nearby in 1865. John C. Trimyer, sometime appearing as J.C. and Trimmer, appears in the KW PP Tax Rolls until the early 1870s. How Susan Finch is related to the Trimyers is unknown. But Caroline seems to trust her skills as a baker. (back)
The weather rather cooler today. The driver left with his establishment about 7 o’clk. – – Hal spent the day again today. Her Grandma sent for her this evening, but it came on to rain and she gave out going till morning. We all sat in the parlor till quite late. – – Nannie has taken a good deal of quinine today and I think she missed her chill, but the quinine affected her a good deal, so much so that I had to get up and go in the other room and lay by her to compose her. Left Hal, Pigeo and Hardie in my room, and Bake and the Lieut. in the parlor. All hands, except Hardie, & Hal, went to sleep. I slept very little last night and Pigeo’s exerting herself entirely too much for her strength. – – Sent Martha to Mag for eggs. She sent me 4 doz. and four, and I got three doz. from Jim, in addition to those I have will be sufficient for my purposes. Cut out a pair of pants for Zac. Margaret will make them, course one, and is finishing off a pair for Bill, been on hand some time. Bill only sowed 13 bushels today.
Rather cool for the season. Bake has some little jobs for Margaret. Hal Brumley and Robert Boykins came about eleven and spent the day and night.1 Assisted Bake about some of her work. I love Hal, she is such an obliging sweet girl. – – We were all sitting quietly after dinner, Hal, Bake, Pigeo, Hardie and myself, Nannie in bed in the back chamber, when Hardie walked to the front door and saw a stylish looking charioteer approaching the house, and who should it be but Lieut. Arledge with a white servant driving him. Produced quite a sensation. Nan hopped up out of bed and dressed, the first time she has been up today. Bake was right much excited. While they were all getting ready, I went down and had a lunch set out for him. Hardie accompanied him down. Sent some dinner out to the driver. – – Hal staid all night and sent Robert Boykin. – – Got a quarter of beef from Ju. Sent Jim after it and Hardie and I cut it out and had some for dinner. I sent Bill’s dinner to the field every day. Sowed 18 bushels more today.
Fine morning for work. Commenced sowing wheat today. Put in eighteen bushels. – – Having some potatoes put away in the pantry by Martha. Margaret, a free woman, came to get work. I employed her for Bake sewing, at her own price. She said just give her anything I pleased and as she was without a home, I took her in for a while. – – She ran up and hemmed the skirt of Bake’s Swiss dress and did some other little things. Clarasy brought a circular from Hollins Institute.1 I prefer it to Piedmont.
A tolerably good day, a little rain occasionally. Hardie got ready for church and was about to start, but was prevented by rain. I had no way to go. Duroc was found dead in the stable, and the children had George in Richmond. We all spent the day at home. Pigeo improves slowly. – – Bake and Zac arrived about 6 o’clk. Brought the things I left at Oakland, wine, sugar, coffee, &c. Made all her purchases satisfactory to herself. Tavia accompanied her shopping.1 She spent most of her time with Mary. – – Liv wrote to Pigeo. – – Also an answer to Wm. Spiller’s letter. – – Bake is quite complaining from the inclement day. We all slept together in the back chamber. I rubbed her shoulders after we retired. Sat up quite late.
- Although Caroline writes Tavia she certainly means Octavia Shook, usually called Tavie. (back)
After the morning we have a close rainy day. Finished off the two boilers of molasses early. Hardie attended to it, i.e. with Martha and one of the boys. Looks something like breaking off this evening. Had Duroc put in the yard, thinking to drive him with Shakespeare tomorrow to church. Hardie came in and told me he needed some kind of medicine. I had some watermelon seed tea made and sent it to Bill for him, but he had him out in the stable without giving it, thinking, I suppose, he was better. – – Had seed wheat fanned up today, upwards of 100 bushels. – – Pigeo is alternately a little better or not quite so well. – – The day has been too unlikely to milk for Bake. Martha got supper, Parky is sick, and Patsy had to milk.
Bake has a fine day in town, cloudy and cool. – – Bill had some cane ground and made 2 boilers of molasses, very good, and left enough juice for 2 more in the morning. Hardie assisted. Pigeo and Nan walked out there in the evening and I stopped to see how they were getting on and to make them come in. They are both in such delicate health. – – Thomas Anthony, a free boy, came this evening to get a home, having nowhere to go. I told him I would take him till Xmas, and give him $4 at that time if he suited me.1 – – Had a little sprinkle of rain this evening and threatens to be a rainy day tomorrow. I regret very much not sowing wheat this week. Should have done so, but for Ju’s advice to the contrary. Martha got dinner today. – – Sent Mrs. Hill a quarter of lamb by Tom on Shakespeare this morning. – – I am keeping him in the yard and trying to get him in good order.
- Thomas Anthony many be a given name, although Caroline will refer to him as Thomas during his stay at Woodberry. In any case, Anthony is not a common King William surname and he does not appear on any KW Personal Property Tax rolls for the next few years. (back)
All were wondering last night who would be the one to wake at two o’clk. and I waked in two or three minutes of the time. Went up and awoke the boys. They had run the buggy out in the river.1 I had some nice coffee made for them before they started and gave Bake a good dose of quinine. – – Had a dense fog to go through, something we have not had for weeks. Bill attended the election. – – Settled Hill’s account of $18 for horses and calves grazing. – – Carried the money to take in Enos’ note, but it was not presented.2 – – Had a fine lamb killed this morning. – – I am feeling much better today. Made green tomato catsup yesterday, and I believe it almost cured me. – – Borrowed 20 lbs. flour of Mag this morning. – – Sold 2 ½ lbs. wool to a free woman @ $.50 pr. lb. – – Repaired an undershirt for Hardie. – – The hands are pulling the fodder off the sugar cane.
- Running the carriage into the river prior to taking it to Richmond is probably to make the wood swell enough to tighten the joints. (back)
- The 1860 US Census shows the W. B. Enos family living in King William. He is a merchant and likely the holder in the Littlepage note. Ten years earlier William B. Enos is listed in Gloucester living with Thomas B. Taliaferro, also a merchant. In 1870 and 1880 he and his family are living in Richmond. One source states he was born in France. (back)
No rain yet. I am still in bed and quite sick. – – Bake sent a note to Hal this morning by Zac. He sent Fannie home from Ju’s by Buck with a note to Bake by Zac. He will walk from there to school. – – Mag sent word by Martha that she and Pigeo would ride down this evening, but Ju and Stuart came with her and I thought it best to retain her, as Bake and Zac will leave for Richmond in the morning. Gave her $100 out of the desk before retiring. She fixed up a snack. Ju left with Stuart after dark. Will send Martha in the morning for Pigeo’s trunk. – – Bake finished off a most beautiful gown today.
Still dry, no prospect for rain. Goldsmith left after breakfast. I was too sick to go down to supper or breakfast. Hardie presided last night and Nan this morning. Bake is too busy to look right or left. – – She went down and had some ginger tea made for me and attended to the butter. – – Mr. Norment came this evening to see Bill about one of his hogs. – – Nan rode to Ju’s and took Mary back with her. Sent him some nutmeg by her.
Still dry, too much so to sow wheat, though we are ready. Bill has the men digging potatoes, and Patsy and Parky picking peas. I engaged Clarissa Jim’s wife to pick out cotton.1 Give her one pound in ten. She milks every morning and I gave her milk for her breakfast as a remuneration. – – Cut off a skirt for Pigeo’s gown and a chemise of the same bleached cotton and sent them to her by Buck. Also sent gum arabic and some other things. Bake sent a note to Hal for Ju to take to her. He is visiting her sick. – – Zac started to school to Col. McLaughlin this morning. – – Bake and I, with some other assistance, made a confederate or wax candle. It was something new to me and very little trouble to do. – – To one pound of wax, two spoonfuls of powdered resin. – – Capt. Goldsmith came this evening to spend the night.2 Finished digging potatoes today and put the 3rd mound from 33 to 35 bushels. Preserved apples today.
- This is the first mention of Clarissa, Jim’s wife. There will be many others. Caroline spells her name sometimes with one r, other times with two. The same goes for s. For the sake of clarity I will render it Clarissa. (back)
- Goldsmith, who will be mentioned again tomorrow when he leaves Woodbury, remains unidentified. No military Captain Goldsmith has come to hand, so it may be that this Captain is associated with a ship plying the waters of the York and its tributaries. (back)
Still dry. Bake and I, with Zac to drive, started to Zion at eleven o’clk. The former got out and went to Ju’s to see Pigeo. Bill was there when we passed, Hardie and Han remained at home. We returned to Ju’s and spent the rest of the day. All enjoyed a fine beef dinner very much. I spoke to Ju to prepare some medicine for Nan, who is not well, looks badly. Also consulted him with regard to Zac, whether it would not be best to put him to trade instead of sending him to school and preparing him for other business. He advised me to do what Zac was most inclined to, as he had arrived to an age to choose for himself. – – Bill drove the carriage home after Frederick hitched and Zac went to Colosse to meeting. – – Nan and Hardie had spent the day alone. White frost last night and we are digging potatoes today. Put away a mound in chaff this evening.
The driest weather I ever knew. I assisted Nannie about her tartan dress this morning in some little alterations, and set my black on the body. Nan finished her scarlet muslin. – – Jimmie came to breakfast and rode with Bill to the Mill to make out a bill of work, disappointed him yesterday. They returned to dinner. We did not make a positive bargain about the Mill. A Mr. Salding came on Railroad business.1 Took dinner.
- A manuscript at the Library of Virginia suggests that Caroline’s late husband Lewis owned 6 shares of the Richmond and York River Railroad. Mr. Salding remains unidentified. (back)
The weather still as dry and dusty as it is possible to be and no prospect for rain. Farmers do not know what to do about sowing wheat. Zac carried Mrs. Tebbs’ carriage home. Sent her some potatoes. Sent Mary up to wait on Pigeo and sent her some loaf bread. Wrote a note to Mrs. Tebbs, and her also. Nannie trimmed her scarlet dress skirt and I pleated the skirt for her. Also Bake’s alpaca and my muslin. She is about her cambric gown today, making it beautifully. – – Hardie and Zac went over the river and killed some sora, very fat. – – Zac returned to dinner. I wrote a note to Mrs. Tebbs and one to Pigeo, thanking the former for her kindness and instructing Pigeo in hers what to do. – – Bill rode to the Mill to meet James Isaac.1 He did not come.
- James Isaac, as such, is unidentified. However Caroline may have been referring to her nephew by marriage, James Isaac Littlepage (1838 – 1894). James Isaac is a son of the late Edmund Littlepage and his wife Martha Ann. If so, Bill was to meet his first cousin at the Mill. And, if so, this is the second time Caroline has referred to someone by their first and middle names and omitting the surname. See the recent 27th of September entry. (back)
Quite a pretty morning. We got ready as soon as possible, and with Pigeo, started home. She stood the ride as well or better than I expected she would do. We stopped to feed and take lunch this side of the old Church.1 Although we had a shower this side the Piping Tree and very cold and windy, she took not the slightest cold. – – We reached Ju’s about ½ an hour by the sun, where I left her to remain with Mag, according to arrangement before I brought her down. After reaching home, I sent Addison and Buck up to carry her a partridge and a bottle of her medicine that was left in the carriage. Bake and Nan were anxiously expecting us. Found all very well. Bake had cleaning up done by Martha.
- The location of the “established” churches in present-day New Kent County prior to the completion of St. Peter’s in 1703 is not definitively established. While Dr. Malcolm Harris places the county’s original upper “Old Church” on the site of St. Peter’s, others place it west of that location, near where the modern Tunstall, Hopewell and Old Church roads converge. This is still well east of where Hanover County’s modern unincorporated community of Old Church is located. Wherever the location of “the old Church,” it is likely Caroline and her family traveled home along what is now Old Church Road and crossed into King William at Piping Tree Ferry. (back)
Very windy today and dust is as thick as possible. The most disagreeable day we have had. While in town, Hardie inquired for a letter at the P. O. Found one from Lieut. Arledge. – – I purchased Pigeo’s things for school. Cora and Kittie Power called this evening.1 I am anxious that Pigeo should go to Mr. Goss with Kittie if she is well by that time. She improves very fast. Still, the Dr. comes twice a day. I have determined to start home with her in the morning.