Friday, 31st May, 1867

Quite cool this morning. Something remarkable for me, laid abed till sunrise, then arose and had breakfast before any one was ready. We all spent the day pleasantly, I believe, and after dinner, Bill hitched up George and Phil to the wagon and carried the whole company to Enfield, with the exception of little Carrie and myself, and I permitted Ellen to take her out to play. So the house was quiet for once. They returned after dark, went by the C. H. and left Mag and Lou Lipscomb and Stuart. – – Martha came to see me today. Sent Patsy cabbage plants by her and let her gather a few strawberries for Mr. Powell.

Thursday, 30th May, 1867

The weather is warm and seasonable now. It looks singular to see the dirt being thrown from the corn with a double plough, but the wire grass is so matted and the corn so small that Bill thinks it is the only way he can work it. – – Mary has been complaining all day. Notwithstanding, she took the children and went in the garden and gathered a fine parcel of strawberries and she and I capped them. – – Bill rode Fannie to the C. H. and let the little colt go along with her. He returned to supper in company with Mr. Brumley Martin, who remained all night. – – Mag and Lou, Mrs. Harrison and Miss Carey, with Sammie Norment to drive, came to spend the evening. The two former walked. – – Mr. Cooke came to escort them home. All enjoyed milk and strawberries, had fine music to listen to.

Wednesday, 29th May, 1867

A lovely warm day. Mary and Pigeo went with little Mollie, walked up to spend the day with Ju. Left Lucie and Carrie with me. Bill went to the C. H. this morning. – – Had the mules, horses and cattle turned in the clover field. No further use for Charles. I agreed to find him if he would chop a little in the garden and yard walks.1 He is too trifling though for anything. – – Patsy left after breakfast, gave her a bar of soap. – – Bettie’s chopping in the garden and Charles weeding cabbage plants, or pretending to do so. I’ve spent the day pleasantly, love to be quiet sometimes. Bill brought me a letter from Emily when he returned from working on the road, all the freed men went up also. John Owens came back about dinner time. – – Emily writes from Baltimore, speaks of visiting us the first of July. – – Mary and Pigeo returned to supper. Mag and Lou are coming down to spend the night tomorrow. Mrs. Harrison and Miss Carey also will come to eat milk and strawberries. – – Mr. Cooke came to look at the plot of Woodbury tract, he is having Enfield surveyed.

  1. The transcription shows “find” but the word is more likely “hire.” UPDATE: The transcript is correct. Caroline’s use of “find” here is curious. Do any of our readers have comments?  (back)

Tuesday, 28th May, 1867

Quite warm today. Lucie and Mollie with Eddie Harrison spent most of their time rambling about and wading up and down on the river shore. About the happiest time of their lives I imagine. Mary and Pigeo took a long walk likewise after eating a snack to see the destruction the birds are making with the wheat. Its very early and they are literally destroying it. Bill went to the C. H. to procure more powder and shot for killing them. They are the smallest kind of birds. Mary and Pigeo returned to dinner with a bucket of ice. – – Ju came down this evening in his buggy to carry Mary up to stay all night, but she framed some excuse for not going and promised to go up in the morning. She enjoyed the birds at supper, said she ate ten or eleven. – – Patsy came this evening to spend the night with me, slept in my chamber. I am always glad to see her. – – Mr. Cooke came in his buggy this evening to bring Eddie home. Sent basket of peas by them. She is very much opposed to going, wanted to stay longer with the children. – – Ju walked with Bill to see the wheat, then walked in the garden. I sent Stuart strawberries with him. Pigeo and Mary rode with him as far as the meadow. Ju carried a pair of shoes for Jesse Dungee, 10½ sole. Pigeo gave letters to Mr. Cooke to mail to Sadie, Hardie and Zac.

Monday, 27th May, 1867

Too wet for any kind of out work today, but fencing or something of that kind. The earth is saturated with water. Sowed a few gallons onion seed this morning. Put in soak Saturday night, some among others Maj. Butts gave Bill that were sent on to him for distribution, principally for the “Ethiopians.” – – Bill took Stuart up this morning on George when he went to Court. I hate for him to go home, he is so good when he is with me and so bad they say at home. – – I sat up quite late. Bill returned at 11, collected no money. – – Ju sent a couple of oranges to Mary and myself. – – We had supper early this evening. Prepared the two last meals in order that Bettie might iron something. Enjoyed the orange very much. I sat up till Bill came and retired quite late.

Sunday, 26th May, 1867

An inclement day. Sent strawberries and peas by John Owen on George to Zion for Cousin Lem. We all remained at home till evening. Bill rode out and returned at dark. Mr. Cooke brought Mrs. Harrison and children over to spend the evening. Had a considerable cloud about that time and a great deal of rain. We all sat and sang around the little table till the cloud subsided. Eddie Harrison remained with the children. I was sorry Mrs. Harrison came too late to have strawberries gathered for milk, but all hands went in the square and gathered for themselves. Pigeo and Mr. Cooke took a buggy ride together before they started home. Stuart has been suffering very much all day with crick in his neck. Mary and I were employed all day nearly trying every way to pacify him. Sent a message to his Pa, but he didn’t come.

Saturday, 25th May, 1867

Quite a damp day, with frequent showers. Clarissa came to replant corn. Uncle David sick. Commenced replanting yesterday. I settled with Clarissa this evening and sold Tom 2 pair pants, a coat and vest for $6 and gave him $1 cash. Bettie chopped a little in the garden before dinner. – – Milk and strawberries for supper.

Friday, 24th May, 1867

Still cool. Am sorry the woman disappointed us, as I intended to engage her to work over the garden. – – Bettie washed a little more again today, though ½ day was sufficient to wash the clothes if she was well. – – We expected Mrs. Harrison and children to spend the evening, as Mr. Cooke said he would bring them by water. Lucie helped me to pick some strawberries after returning from Ju’s this morning with Stuart, whom Ju had taken to the baptizing, and put them down at the gate to walk to the house. – – We were right much disappointed at them not coming. Enjoyed the strawberries very much for supper. – – Bill brought me a letter from Hardie as he returned from the baptizing. – – Gave Mr. Owen’s an emetic today and he is much better this evening. Stuart is a good child with me but they say a bad one at home. Bill and Pigeo went up to the meeting again tonight. Mr. Cooke came soon after they started and offered to take me up in his buggy, but I declined going, it was too late.

Thursday, 23rd May, 1867

Cool and disagreeable. Bettie took out some clothes to wash but didn’t succeed in putting them out. She is very complaining, but is trying to do something. Of course her wages will not go on till she is able to work. John Owen, her husband, was taken sick today. I cooked dinner and supper. Eliza came to see me about getting a home. Mary partially said she would come tomorrow and remain till she returns home. Pigeo and Bill went up on horseback to meeting and were very much pleased with the speakers, Messrs. Holland, Cave, and Cutler.1 Had 4 or 5 additions who will be baptized in the morning.

  1. For the sake of clarity I have rendered Caroline’s “Mrs.” as Messrs. Although Mr. Holland seems to appear only twice, and Misters Cave and Cutler only once, it seems likely these are John Lyttleton Tazewell Holland of Fluvanna County, L. W. Cave of Spotsylvania, and Landon A. Cutler of Louisa. All were prominent leaders in the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) and would have been welcomed by members of Jerusalem Church, and perhaps members of Zion as well. In 1888 Rev. L. W. Cave would be the minister at Corinth Christian Church in upper King William. Caroline wrote of “Mr. and Mrs. Holland” on 18 October of last year.  (back)

Wednesday, 22nd May, 1867

Cold, disagreeable weather. The most unseasonable I ever knew. Bettie milked this morning. Thinks she will be well enough to go to work tomorrow. I am general undertaker and do every bodies business, no mistake, my work remains to be done some other time, if ever. – – Bill rode to the shop and when he returned took Pigeo on horseback up to meeting at C. H. Was disappointed no preacher.

Tuesday, 21st May, 1867

Raining delightfully this morning, after a continued rain through the night. Bill had upwards of 1200 potato plants put out, in addition to 1000 put out on the 9th. – – I spent the day mostly in the dining room scalding pickles, making and baking pies, cakes, &c and then cooked dinner, 2nd dish of peas. Bettie baked bread today. – – I certainly have no time for my work, such as sewing, knitting, &c. Pigeo’s nearly finished her calico dress. Lucy went to the cow pen again this evening. Hope Bettie will be out in a day or two.

Monday, 20th May, 1867

Cool and windy. Bill had potato ground bedded and worked some in the garden. I am afraid it will run away with grass if Bettie continues sick much longer. Had the first dish of peas today. I have been cooking now for nearly a week. Bill rode Phil to the C. H. and the rain kept him all night. I asked him to enquire of Suddie about fixing the carriage. Have no way to go from home at all.

Sunday, 19th May, 1867

A lovely day, and I would like above all things to attend Church every Sunday if I possibly could, but having no conveyance at present must content myself the best I can at home. Mary’s quite complaining all day. Bill took a long nap about dinner time. John boiled a joint in the kitchen, and I cooked the rest of the dinner in the stove and then had to dine alone, i.e., no one but Mollie and myself. All had taken a snack and are napping. Mr. and Mrs. Garrett and Dr. Ju spent the evening. Mr. Cooke and Pigeo arrived from Smyrna to supper, expected them yesterday evening.

Saturday, 18th May, 1867

Pretty weather, but too cool for vegetation. We all oversleep ourselves as of late, must turn over a new leaf. – – Bill went out to feed and soon came in to tell me Fannie had a colt. I went to see it after breakfast and thought it a very fine one and named it “Shakespeare” after his Pa’s riding horse, the best one he rode on. – – Mr. Cooke came in his buggy about ten to take Pigeo to the Cooperation Meeting at Smyrna.1 Had lemonade and cake for them before they started. 1, 2, 3, 4 cakes made after breakfast. – – Walked with Mary to the barn to see the colt before dinner. She was very much pleased with it.

  1. This would be Smyrna Christian Church near Bruington in King and Queen County. Cooperation Meetings were regional meetings of representatives of individual Christian churches, much like Baptist Associations and Methodist Conferences. Caroline’s former church, Jerusalem Christian Church, would certainly be represented.  (back)

Friday, 17th May, 1867

The weather is remarkably cool for the season. Strawberry’s are ripening very slowly and garden looks badly. Ought to have had peas before now, but I shall not have a dish before tomorrow. – – Mary and Pigeo are busy sewing on her blk. silk sacque to wear to Smyrna in King and Queen tomorrow. Bill rode Phil up for the mail. Pigeo received a letter from Hardie in Baltimore. John Owens and Tom finished reploughing back of the garden for corn and went about breaking up the balance of the lot. – – I am regular cook now since Bettie has been sick. Extra nice loaf bread today, baked one oven full in the chamber and the other in the stove. We have excellent servants now, hope I shall not spoil them.

Thursday, 16th May, 1867

A lovely day. Bettie’s sick so I was up and in the dining room early and had breakfast ready ½ past 5 o’clk., and while we were at snack 10 o’clk., Mag walked in dining room very unexpectedly and spent the day with Stuart. The children all had their own way, and when Mag left, Lucie returned with her to spend several days. – – I commenced answering Zac’s letter, but had to put it up before finishing it. Was writing in the dining room when Mag came to get away from the noise of Carrie, who is just as bad as she can be.

Wednesday, 15th May, 1867

The weather quite cool, fine on the wheat though. The lot fence is finished. I walked to look at it this evening and was pleased with it. Set three hens while I was out. – – I have so much to job about that I do very little settled work. – – Mary’s looking for ripe strawberry’s, found a few turning. Bill attended Court today, was summoned on the jury yesterday when he went up there to see the Capt. of the vessel. I am going to _?_. Had it all put into bags this morning, some 44 bags. Bettie commenced weeding potato’s, but is sick and had to go to bed. Sold them flour, butter, &c, medicine for $.50.

Tuesday, 14th May, 1867

Quite a pretty day. Had a powerful rain, attended with severe thunder, vivid lightning last night. – – Finished planting all the ground prepared, and will commence reploughing the rest for corn planting tomorrow. Uncle David is fencing in the clover lot at last. If it had been done earlier, no doubt it would have been an excellent lot of clover, but it has been grazed down by every kind of stock. – – Pigeo’s making her calico dress and Mary at work on Carrie Sue’s dress.1 We all went in the garden late this evening and transplanted the rest of the late cabbage plants.

  1. The 1870 US Census lists Caroline’s granddaughter “Carry” Haines, daughter of Garland – listed as John – and Mary E. Haines, as 4. That would make her about 1 when this dress is being made. This seems to be the only written account of Carrie’s middle name.  (back)

Monday, 13th May, 1867

Another beautiful day. I was the first to awake and call up the boys, knowing Liv wished to make an early start to Richmond. Let him have two barrels corn and a drag, for which he is to settle in some short time. He took over 19 lbs. fresh butter to sell for me, two towels and a basket to return. Transplanted late cabbage plants this evening. Bill set the tomato plants this morning.

Sunday, 12th May, 1867

Quite a pretty day, all remained at home. Mr. Cooke spent the day. He and Pigeo took a buggy ride before dinner. I remained at home on acct. of having no way to go to Church, carriage and buggy both broke. How disagreeably unpleasant to me is such a state of affairs. The day passed off pleasantly, but my conscience reproaches me because I am not spending the day as I ought, and as I would be most pleased to do, as well as my privilege. – – We all took a walk in the evening, came by to see Lucy’s family of little children.

Saturday, 11th May, 1867

A beautiful day, but I am feeling stirred up and can’t get settled in mind. Never saw such times as these, always something or other turning up to perplex and annoy, and being creatures of circumstances, we often are thrown off our guard and caused to wander away obsequiously. Mr. Harris’s little girls walked with _?_ _?_ _?_ Pigeo and I took a _?_ _?_ Zion in a tumbrel _?_ _?_ almost too dark to _?_. Expected all the children but _?_ and I was sorry she left her, for she is my favorite _?_ _?_.1

  1. Water damage on this page has rendered many faint words unidentifiable, so far.  (back)

Friday, 10th May, 1867

Quite a lovely day. I went in the garden after breakfast and planted watermelon and muskmelon seeds and a row of broom corn. Gave breakfast to Clarissa, who came to plant corn today. Brought things for Pigeo to make a birth cake for Phil, “sole heir” of Jim and herself. She attempted to make some yeast first and failed. Then undertook the cake by herself, i.e., with Mollie’s assistance. Hope she will succeed. None so ignorant, I think, as those who will not receive instruction and none so blind as those who will not see. All may profit who will. She succeeded very well with the cake and I made some excellent yeast after dinner. I put up some asparagus to carry, and Pigeo and I rode to Enfield. Mrs. Harrison accompanied us across the river in Capt. Bramble’s boat, who kindly offered it and accompanied us over to the store. Left Mollie and Ellen with Mrs. Harrison’s children till we returned. The former will remain all night with them as she has never returned their visit till now. – – Pigeo and I, with Ellen behind, started at sunset and before we were out of sight of the house, one of the wheels crushed and we jumped out without sustaining any injury. It was fortunate for us the servants were just coming from their work and one of them hitched George to Mr. Cooke’s buggy and we got safely home, leaving our buggy in his field. Met Mr. Cooke returning home, who gave us letters from the P. O., one from Zac to Pigeo, one from Nan to her and myself, and one to me from Mr. Pollard in Richmond on Dr. Phil’s acct. (money matter) – – Bettie sick today, was complaining yesterday. Lucy milked this morning and evening.

Thursday, 9th May, 1867

Quite cool after the rain and hail. Bill with Uncle David transplanted about 1000 potato plants and a row of tomato’s Ju gave me. – – I sent a rooster and six hens to the quarters for Lucy to raise, one half for the other. – – Bettie got out clothes to wash, but complained of being sick. Bill employed a man to get rails at $.50 per day. He rode Phil to Mrs. McGeorge’s for seed corn, planted a little this evening, one hand and one drag. Uncle David hauling rails to enclose clover lot.

Wednesday, 8th May, 1867

I was awaked this morning by the storm raging without, sometime before 2 o’clk. It increased blowing, hailing and raining in torrents till day, and then the wind somewhat abated, but the rain continued till near sunset. Bettie milked this evening, the first time since yesterday morning. John Owens rode George to the C. H. and Acquinton to get a pair of shoes for his wife, gave him $2.

Tuesday, 7th May, 1867

Cloudy and showery all the morning and poured down rain all the evening. The ploughs stopped about eleven. Charles came to the house at the same time. Rained too hard for any work the rest of the day. Mr. Owens started to milk, but I doubt whether he can cross the creek. – – I wrote to Dr. Phil this morning. Bill rode to the C. H. to mail the letter, took breakfast at Ju’s.

Monday, 6th May, 1867

Rather windy today. Still opening corn ground, will be ready to plant perhaps Tuesday or Wednesday. Bettie worked a little in the garden before dinner and cleaned the office floor in the evening. I am repairing various things. Bill rode to Enfield to see a Capt. of vessel about taking wheat. He will be down the river next Saturday. Mr. Cooke engaged the Capt.’s boat to take Pigeo and I, with Mrs. Harrison and the children, including Mollie, across the river to Walkerton store, but the wind blew so hard we were afraid to go.

Sunday, 5th May, 1867

A pretty day. Pigeo and I attended Zion, left Mollie with Bill. We came by Ju’s to dine. Returned to supper and found Mr. Cooke with Bill. He is taking Cholagogue every day and I think improves under it. – – We drove Phil today and I am satisfied that he doesn’t suit me and will write to Dr. Phil to that effect and he promised to make it all right if I became dissatisfied with him. – – Mr. Cooke left about eleven.

Saturday, 4th May, 1867

Quite a lovely day. Had the potato ground ploughed by Uncle David. When he finished, had a square reploughed for transplanting late cabbage. – – Bettie employed the day for herself today. Pigeo and I had intended going to Acquinton shopping, but Phil, the horse I intended driving, had a swollen shoulder, been unfit for work for several days. Two ploughs are opening corn rows and one drag at work. – – Patsy came to see me this evening. Walked with her to show her my garden and gave her some little things before leaving. I am always glad to see her.